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flour

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health — Cookery, Food, and Drink.

Most commonly refers to ground wheat, although also used for other cereals and applied to powdered dried matter such as fish flour, potato flour, etc. Ground wheat yields wholemeal flour...

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Flour protein antigens in occupational flour hypersensitivity

H. Savolainen.

in Occupational Medicine

August 1997; p ublished online August 1997 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Occupational Medicine. 0 words.

Thirty serum samples from clinical cases of flour hypersensitivity were analyzed for wheat or rye flour protein antibodies. The patients included 20 bakers and 10 others who also had...

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Respiratory Symptoms and Wheat Flour Exposure: A Study of Flour Millers

T. A. Smith, G. Parker and T. Hussain.

in Occupational Medicine

January 2000; p ublished online January 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Occupational Medicine. 0 words.

The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of respiratory symptoms and their relationship to sensitization to wheat flour allergens and fungal amylase, in a group of...

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Occupational Histamine Poisoning by Fish Flour: A Case Report

J. Macan, A. Vučemilović, R. Turk, B. Medugorac, S. Milković-Kraus, M. Gomzi and I. Poljak.

in Occupational Medicine

January 2000; p ublished online January 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Occupational Medicine. 0 words.

Histamine poisoning due to inhalation and skin contact with fish products is rarely described in the literature. This study presents a case of occupational histamine poisoning by spoiled...

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Allergy to flour and fungal amylase in bakery workers

T. A. Smith, K. P. S. Lumley and E. H. K. Hui.

in Occupational Medicine

January 1997; p ublished online January 1997 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Occupational Medicine. 0 words.

The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence of respiratory symptoms and skin prick test findings in a group of 383 employees in a plant bakery population who had the greatest...

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Work-Related Asthma in a Population Exposed to Grain, Flour and Other Ingredient Dusts

T. A. Smith and K. P. S. Lumley.

in Occupational Medicine

February 1996 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Occupational Medicine. 0 words.

The purpose of the study was to determine the prevalence and causation of work-related asthmatic symptoms in a population exposed to grain, flour and other ingredient dusts. Where workers...

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Exposure to Inhalable Dust, Wheat Flour and α-Amylase Allergens in Industrial and Traditional Bakeries

PETAR BULAT, KATRIEN MYNY, LUTGART BRAECKMAN, MARC  VAN SPRUNDEL, EDOUARD KUSTERS, GERT DOEKES, KERSTIN PÖSSEL, JOS DROSTE and MICHEL VANHOORNE.

in The Annals of Occupational Hygiene

January 2004; p ublished online January 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Occupational Medicine. 4529 words.

This study was designed to characterize exposure to inhalable dust, wheat flour and α-amylase allergens in industrial and traditional bakeries. The study included 70 bakeries from the...

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Physical and Biochemical Properties of Airborne Flour Particles Involved in Occupational Asthma

Michel Laurière, Peter Gorner, Isabelle Bouchez-Mahiout, Richard Wrobel, Christine Breton, Jean-François Fabriès and Dominique Choudat.

in The Annals of Occupational Hygiene

November 2008; p ublished online October 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Occupational Medicine. 5425 words.

Aerosol particles which deeply penetrate the human airways and which trigger baker's asthma manifestations are known to represent only a part of flour and of airborne particles found in...

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Evaluation of Peak Exposures in the Dutch Flour Processing Industry: Implications for Intervention Strategies

Tim Meijster, Erik Tielemans, Jody Schinkel and Dick Heederik.

in The Annals of Occupational Hygiene

October 2008; p ublished online August 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Occupational Medicine. 5023 words.

Objectives: To effectively decrease occupational exposure to flour dust and related allergens, detailed information on exposure determinants and effectiveness of control measures is...

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Exposure to Flour Dust in UK Bakeries: Current Use of Control Measures

J. ELMS, E. ROBINSON, S. RAHMAN and A. GARROD.

in The Annals of Occupational Hygiene

January 2005; p ublished online December 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Occupational Medicine. 4134 words.

Objectives: In May 2001, a maximum exposure limit (MEL) for flour dust was set in the UK at 10 mg/m3 [8 h time-weighted average (TWA)] with a short-term exposure limit (STEL)...

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Comparison of Four Methods to Assess Fungal α-amylase in Flour Dust

L. Lillienberg, X. Baur, G. Doekes, L. Belin, M. Raulf-Heimsoth, I. Sander, A. Stahl, J. Thissen and D. Heederik.

in The Annals of Occupational Hygiene

September 2000; p ublished online September 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Occupational Medicine. 0 words.

The aim of the study was to compare four different immunological methods to analyse fungal α-amylase in flour dust samples. Three European research groups have independently developed four...

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An exploratory quantitative risk assessment for high molecular weight sensitizers: wheat flour

Dick Heederik and Remko Houba.

in The Annals of Occupational Hygiene

April 2001; p ublished online April 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Occupational Medicine. 0 words.

Objective: Quantitative risk assessments have been made for wheat dust and allergen exposure and wheat sensitization using classical epidemiological approaches based on simple...

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Modelling Exposure in Flour Processing Sectors in The Netherlands: a Baseline Measurement in the Context of an Intervention Program

TIM MEIJSTER, ERIK TIELEMANS, NETTIE DE PATER and Dick Heederik.

in The Annals of Occupational Hygiene

P ublished online March 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Occupational Medicine. 7016 words.

Introduction: Recent studies have shown that even low exposure levels to flour dust and related allergens can cause severe respiratory symptoms. In The Netherlands the Dutch government and...

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A New Whole-body Exposure Chamber for Human Skin and Lung Challenge Experiments—the Generation of Wheat Flour Aerosols

C. LIDÈN, L. LUNDGREN, L. SKARE, G. LIDÈN, G. TORNLING and S. KRANTZ.

in The Annals of Occupational Hygiene

November 1998; p ublished online November 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Occupational Medicine. 0 words.

A new whole-body exposure chamber for human skin and lung challenge offers possibilities for experimental exposure challenges carried out in clinical practice, for exposure of patients. in...

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Exposure to Flour Dust in South African Supermarket Bakeries: Modeling of Baseline Measurements of an Intervention Study

Roslynn Baatjies, Tim Meijster, Andreas Lopata, Ingrid Sander, Monika Raulf-Heimsoth, Dick Heederik and Mohamed Jeebhay.

in The Annals of Occupational Hygiene

April 2010; p ublished online March 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Occupational Medicine. 5147 words.

Introduction: Exposure to flour dust has been reported as an important risk factor for allergic respiratory disease among bakery workers. A high prevalence of allergic sensitization and...

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Nasal challenge test in the diagnosis of allergic respiratory diseases in subjects occupationally exposed to a high molecular allergen (flour)

P. Górski, A. Krakowiak, K. Pazdrak, C. Palczynski, U. Ruta and J. Walusiak.

in Occupational Medicine

February 1998; p ublished online February 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Occupational Medicine. 0 words.

The objective of this study was the evaluation of the usefulness of the nasal challenge test in the diagnosis of allergic respiratory diseases in subjects occupationally exposed to flour. A...

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Allergen and dust exposure as determinants of work-related symptoms and sensitization in a cohort of flour-exposed workers; a case–control analysis

Paul Cullinan, Adrian Cook, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Colin Sandiford, Rosemary D. Tee, Katherine M. Venables, J. Corbett McDonald and Anthony J. Newman Taylor.

in The Annals of Occupational Hygiene

February 2001; p ublished online February 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Occupational Medicine. 0 words.

Objectives: To estimate the incidence of specific IgE sensitization and allergic respiratory symptoms among UK bakery and flour mill workers; and to examine the roles of flour...

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Nightshift breast cancer, flour dust and blue-light risk

Peter Noone.

in Occupational Medicine

September 2010; p ublished online September 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Occupational Medicine. 492 words.

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Respiratory symptoms and wheat flour exposure: a study of flour millers. Occup Med 2000; 50: 25–29.

Peter Griffin, David Fishwick, Joanne Elms, Andrew Curran, T. A. Smith, G. Parker and T. Hussain.

in Occupational Medicine

March 2001; p ublished online March 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Occupational Medicine. 0 words.

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An Electret-Based Passive Sampler Used for Sampling Airborne Pigment Dust, Rubber Fume and Flour Dust

M. A. Hemingway, I. Strudley, R. C. Brown, S. Froude and M. M. Smith.

in The Annals of Occupational Hygiene

January 1997; p ublished online January 1997 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Occupational Medicine. 0 words.

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Health surveillance in milling, baking and other food manufacturing operation—five years' experience

T. A. Smith and J. Patton.

in Occupational Medicine

April 1999; p ublished online April 1999 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Occupational Medicine. 0 words.

The objective of this study was to describe the incidence of allergic respiratory disease and its outcome in terms of symptoms and jobs, across different flour-using industries. It uses the...

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