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Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Maritime History.

Of a ship, to sink at sea, generally understood to be by the flooding of its hull either through springing a leak or through striking a rock. Other causes of a ship sinking, such as...

See overview in Oxford Index

Tuke, William (1732–1822), philanthropist and founder of the York Retreat

Anne Digby.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Medicine and Health. 1508 words.

Tuke, William (1732–1822), philanthropist and founder of the York Retreat, was born in York on 24 March 1732, the son of Samuel Tuke (1703–1748), stuff weaver and hosier, and his wife, Ann (null...

Sutton, Thomas (1532–1611), founder of the London Charterhouse

Hugh Trevor-Roper.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 3826 words.

Sutton, Thomas (1532–1611), founder of the London Charterhouse, was born, according to the inscription on his tomb, in 1532 at Knaith, Lincolnshire. His father was Richard Sutton, clerk to...

Guy, Thomas (1644/5?–1724), philanthropist and founder of Guy's Hospital

Nick Hervey.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Medicine and Health. 1838 words.

Guy, Thomas (1644/5?–1724), philanthropist and founder of Guy's Hospital, the eldest of three children of Thomas Guy (d. 1652×4), lighterman, coalmonger, and carpenter, and his wife, Anne...

Jones, Sir Pendrill Charles Varrier- (1883–1941), physician and founder of Papworth village settlement

Linda Bryder.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Medicine and Health. 1052 words.

Jones, Sir Pendrill Charles Varrier- (1883–1941), physician and founder of Papworth village settlement, was born at Glyn Taff House, Troedyrhiw, Glamorgan, on 24 February 1883, the only son...

Moody, Harold Arundel (1882–1947), physician and founder of the League of Coloured Peoples

David Killingray.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Ethical Issues and Debates; Social Justice and Human Rights. 887 words.

Moody, Harold Arundel (1882–1947), physician and founder of the League of Coloured Peoples, was born on 8 October 1882 at 8 Rum Lane, in Kingston, Jamaica, the eldest of six children of...

Saunders, Dame Cicely Mary Strode (1918–2005), physician and founder of the modern hospice movement

Barbara Monroe.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

March 2013; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Medicine and Health. 2848 words.

Saunders, Dame Cicely Mary Strode (1918–2005), physician and founder of the modern hospice movement, was born on 22 June 1918 at Linden Lodge, Bedford Avenue, Barnet, Hertfordshire, the...

Salmon, Frederick (1796–1868), rectal surgeon and founder of St Mark's Hospital, London

Lindsay Granshaw.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Surgery. 1352 words.

Salmon, Frederick (1796–1868), rectal surgeon and founder of St Mark's Hospital, London, was born on 11 April 1796 in Bath, the son of Henry Salmon (1754/5–1827), attorney, and his wife,...

Oliver, Percy Lane (1878–1944), founder of the first voluntary blood donor service

J. M. Stanton.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Labour and Demographic Economics; Medicine and Health. 1129 words.

Oliver, Percy Lane (1878–1944), founder of the first voluntary blood donor service, was born on 11 April 1878 at the home of his maternal grandparents in Fish Street, St Ives, Cornwall, the...

Philip, Sir Robert William (1857–1939), physician and founder of tuberculosis dispensaries

Steve Sturdy.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Pharmacology; Medicine and Health; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 2236 words.

Philip, Sir Robert William (1857–1939), physician and founder of tuberculosis dispensaries, was born at Govan, Glasgow, on 29 December 1857, the youngest son of George Philip, a minister of...

Cox, William Sands (1802–1875), surgeon and a founder of Queen's College, Birmingham

G. T. Bettany.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Surgery. 867 words.

Cox, William Sands (1802–1875), surgeon and a founder of Queen's College, Birmingham, was the eldest son of Edward Townsend Cox (1769–1863), a well-known Birmingham surgeon. After being...

Turner, Thomas (1793–1873), surgeon and founder of Pine Street School of Medicine

Stella Butler.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Surgery. 1089 words.

Turner, Thomas (1793–1873), surgeon and founder of Pine Street School of Medicine, was born on 13 August 1793 in Truro, the fifth and youngest child of Edmund Turner (d. 1821), banker, and...

Rahere [Rayer] (d. 1143x5), founder of St Bartholomew's Hospital and priory, London

Judith Etherton.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religion; Medicine and Health; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church. 840 words.

Rahere [Rayer] (d. 1143x5), founder of St Bartholomew's Hospital and priory, London, was of unknown origins. The one authoritative source for his life, Liber fundacionis ecclesiae Sancti...

Colley, Eleanor Davies- (1874–1934), surgeon and a founder of the South London Hospital for Women and Children

M. A. Elston.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Surgery. 741 words.

Colley, Eleanor Davies- (1874–1934), surgeon and a founder of the South London Hospital for Women and Children, was born on 21 August 1874, at Hilliers, Petworth, Sussex, the second...

Ward [née Lord], Emily Mary Jane (1850–1930), headmistress and founder of the Norland Institute for nursery-nursing

Louise E. Davis.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Medicine and Health. 960 words.

Ward [née Lord], Emily Mary Jane (1850–1930), headmistress and founder of the Norland Institute for nursery-nursing, was born at Parkfield, St Alkmund, Derby, on 13 August 1850, the...

Jones, Vicky Veronica Clement- [née Vicky Veronica Yip] (1948–1987), physician and founder of the British Association for Cancer United Patients

J. S. Malpas.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Medicine and Health; Medical Oncology; Radiation Oncology; Surgical Oncology. 752 words.

Jones, Vicky Veronica Clement- [née Vicky Veronica Yip] (1948–1987), physician and founder of the British Association for Cancer United Patients, was born on 23 December 1948 in Hong Kong,...

Brown, Dame Edith Mary (1864–1956), medical missionary and founder of the North India School of Medicine for Christian Women

Susan L. Cohen.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Medicine and Health; Religion and Education. 1041 words.

Brown, Dame Edith Mary (1864–1956), medical missionary and founder of the North India School of Medicine for Christian Women, was born on 24 March 1864 at Bank Buildings, 10A Coats Lane,...

Hutcheson, Thomas (1589/90–1641), philanthropist

Stuart Handley.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Medicine and Health. 313 words.

Hutcheson, Thomas (1589/90–1641), philanthropist, was the son of Thomas Hutcheson (c.1520–c.1595) and his wife, Helen Herbertstone, and the younger brother of George Hutcheson, and with him...