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Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Maritime History.

Of a ship, to sink at sea, generally understood to be by the flooding of its hull either through springing a leak or through striking a rock. Other causes of a ship sinking, such as...

See overview in Oxford Index

Albery, Nicholas Bronson (1948–2001), social activist and charity founder

Michael Norton.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

March 2009; p ublished online January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Politics. 1499 words.

Albery, Nicholas Bronson (1948–2001), social activist and charity founder, was born on 28 July 1948 at Bricket House, Bricket Road, St Albans, Hertfordshire, the second of three children of...

Macmillan, Douglas (1884–1969), civil servant and charity founder

Timothy J. Hunt.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; UK Politics; Political Institutions. 1017 words.

Macmillan, Douglas (1884–1969), civil servant and charity founder, was born on 10 August 1884 at 12 Cumnock Terrace, Castle Cary, Somerset, the seventh of eight children of William...

Feilding, Lady Mary (1823–1896), founder of the Working Ladies' Guild

Jane Garnett.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Gender and Politics; History of Gender and Sexuality. 991 words.

Feilding, Lady Mary (1823–1896), founder of the Working Ladies' Guild, was the eldest daughter of William Basil Percy Feilding, seventh earl of Denbigh (1796–1865), and of Mary Elizabeth...

Kidd, Ronald Hubert (1889–1942), founder of the National Council for Civil Liberties

Mark Pottle.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics and Law; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 1471 words.

Kidd, Ronald Hubert (1889–1942), founder of the National Council for Civil Liberties, was born at 6 Montpelier Row, Blackheath, London, on 11 July 1889, the son of Leonard Joseph Kidd...

Edwards, Sir Ifan ab Owen (1895–1970), educationist and founder of Urdd Gobaith Cymru

Hazel Walford Davies.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates; Sports and Outdoor Recreation; Education; Ethnic Politics. 1448 words.

Edwards, Sir Ifan ab Owen (1895–1970), educationist and founder of Urdd Gobaith Cymru, was born on 25 July 1895 at Tremaran, Llanuwchllyn, Merioneth, the second of the three children (the...

Lamplugh [née Howell], Diana Elizabeth (1936–2011), fitness specialist, personal safety campaigner, and charity founder

Sarah J. Simpson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online January 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Ethical Issues and Debates; Gender and Politics; History of Gender and Sexuality. 1352 words.

Lamplugh [née Howell], Diana Elizabeth (1936–2011), fitness specialist, personal safety campaigner, and charity founder, was born on 30 July 1936 at the Royal Nursing Home in Parabola Road,...

Reid [née Sturch], Elisabeth Jesser (1789–1866), slavery abolitionist and founder of Bedford College, London

Sybil Oldfield.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Slavery and Abolition of Slavery; Gender and Politics; History of Gender and Sexuality. 652 words.

Reid [née Sturch], Elisabeth Jesser (1789–1866), slavery abolitionist and founder of Bedford College, London, was born on 25 December 1789 in London, the second of two daughters of William...

Bodley, Sir Thomas (1545–1613), scholar, diplomat, and founder of the Bodleian Library, Oxford

W. H. Clennell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Diplomatic History; International Relations. 3874 words.

Bodley, Sir Thomas (1545–1613), scholar, diplomat, and founder of the Bodleian Library, Oxford, was born on 2 March 1545 in a house on the corner of High Street and Gandy Street, Exeter,...

Paton, Catherine Forrester- (1855–1914), philanthropist and a founder of women's missionary training in Scotland

Isabel Lusk.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Religion and Education; Gender and Politics; History of Gender and Sexuality. 810 words.

Paton, Catherine Forrester- (1855–1914), philanthropist and a founder of women's missionary training in Scotland, was born on 1 June 1855 at Claremont Bank, Alloa; she was the second child...

Brome, Adam (d. 1332), administrator and first founder of Oriel College, Oxford

Jeremy Catto.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Political Institutions; Public Administration. 875 words.

Brome, Adam (d. 1332), administrator and first founder of Oriel College, Oxford, was probably the son of Thomas of Brome, who took his name from Brome near Eye in Suffolk; according to the...

Lovelock [née Northover Smith], Irene May (1896–1974), founder of the British Housewives' League

Elizabeth A. McCarty.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates; Gender and Politics; History of Gender and Sexuality. 977 words.

Lovelock [née Northover Smith], Irene May (1896–1974), founder of the British Housewives' League, was born on 26 May 1896 at Wood Green, London, the elder daughter of William Northover...

Waynflete [Wainfleet, Patten], William (c. 1400–1486), bishop of Winchester and founder of Magdalen College, Oxford

Virginia Davis.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church; Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; UK Politics. 3525 words.

Waynflete [Wainfleet, Patten], William (c. 1400–1486), bishop of Winchester and founder of Magdalen College, Oxford, was the elder son of Richard Patten (also known as Barbour) of...

Massingberd, Emily Caroline Langton (1847–1897), women's club founder and temperance campaigner

Mark Clement.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates; Gender and Politics; History of Gender and Sexuality; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 726 words.

Massingberd, Emily Caroline Langton (1847–1897), women's club founder and temperance campaigner, was born at 43 Durnford Street, East Stonehouse, Devon, on 19 December 1847, the first of...

Bateman [Norwich], William (c. 1298–1355), diplomat, founder of Trinity Hall, Cambridge, and bishop of Norwich

Roy Martin Haines.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church; Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Diplomatic History; International Relations. 2167 words.

Bateman [Norwich], William (c. 1298–1355), diplomat, founder of Trinity Hall, Cambridge, and bishop of Norwich, was probably born in Norwich (from which he was sometimes named), the third...

Keith, George, fourth Earl Marischal (1549/50–1623), magnate and founder of Marischal College, Aberdeen

John Simmons.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: UK Politics; Genealogy, Heraldry, Names, and Honours; Local and Family History; Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; History; History of Agriculture. 2311 words.

Keith, George, fourth Earl Marischal (1549/50–1623), magnate and founder of Marischal College, Aberdeen, was the eldest son of William, master of Marischal (c.1530–1580), and his wife,...

Elphinstone, William (1431–1514), administrator, bishop of Aberdeen, and founder of the University of Aberdeen

Leslie J. Macfarlane.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church; Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Political Institutions; Public Administration; UK Politics. 2082 words.

Elphinstone, William (1431–1514), administrator, bishop of Aberdeen, and founder of the University of Aberdeen, was probably born in Glasgow. His father, also named William, was a younger...

Merton, Walter of (c. 1205–1277), administrator, bishop of Rochester, and founder of Merton College, Oxford

G. H. Martin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church; Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; UK Politics; Political Institutions; Public Administration. 2057 words.

Merton, Walter of (c. 1205–1277), administrator, bishop of Rochester, and founder of Merton College, Oxford, was the son of William Cook (le Kuk, le Keu) of Basingstoke, Hampshire, and in...

Kinnaird [née Hoare], Mary Jane, Lady Kinnaird (1816–1888), philanthropist and a founder of the Young Women's Christian Association (YWCA)

Jane Garnett.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Gender and Politics; History of Gender and Sexuality. 1877 words.

Kinnaird [née Hoare], Mary Jane, Lady Kinnaird (1816–1888), philanthropist and a founder of the Young Women's Christian Association (YWCA), was born on 14 March 1816 at Blatherwick Park,...

Shore, John, first Baron Teignmouth (1751–1834), governor-general of Bengal and founder and first president of the British and Foreign Bible Society

Ainslie T. Embree.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 4341 words.

Shore, John, first Baron Teignmouth (1751–1834), governor-general of Bengal and founder and first president of the British and Foreign Bible Society, was born on 8 October 1751 at St James...

Fox [Foxe], Richard (1447/8–1528), administrator, bishop of Winchester, and founder of Corpus Christi College, Oxford

C. S. L. Davies.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church; Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Political Institutions; Public Administration. 6421 words.

Fox [Foxe], Richard (1447/8–1528), administrator, bishop of Winchester, and founder of Corpus Christi College, Oxford, was born at Pullocks Manor, Ropsley, near Grantham, Lincolnshire. He...