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founder

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Maritime History.

Of a ship, to sink at sea, generally understood to be by the flooding of its hull either through springing a leak or through striking a rock. Other causes of a ship sinking, such as...

See overview in Oxford Index

The Founder

Phillip N. Haberkern.

in Patron Saint and Prophet

May 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Christianity. 18610 words.

This chapter traces the evolution of the figure of Hus within the era of the Hussite wars and his co-optation by the more moderate Utraquist church that emerged from the Bohemians’...

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After the Founder Dies

David V. Barrett.

in The Fragmentation of a Sect

January 2013; p ublished online May 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Religious Studies. 12533 words.

After the death of their founder religions often face a period of turmoil and readjustment, even if the succession has been well planned. An original typological model is used to categorise...

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Deism and the Founders

Darren Staloff.

in Faith and the Founders of the American Republic

April 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Religious Studies. 8647 words.

Among the issues most debated by historians of the American founding is the extent to which the founders were influenced by orthodox Christianity or Deism. Deism, or “the religion of...

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Hinduism and the Question of Founders

Måns Broo.

in Varieties of Religious Invention

November 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: East Asian Religions. 7391 words.

This chapter discusses the role of “founders” in Hinduism, a religion that prides itself on not having any identifiable historical initiators but also teems with creators and organizers of...

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Finding Judaism’s Founders

Mark Leuchter.

in Varieties of Religious Invention

November 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: East Asian Religions. 10155 words.

The “myth” of Judaism’s origins involves a linear storyline beginning with patriarchs such as Abraham and Moses who broker a relationship between the people of ancient Israel and their...

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Faith and the Founders of the American Republic

Edited by Mark David Hall and Daniel L. Dreisbach.

April 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Book. Subjects: Religious Studies. 384 pages.

Even before the founders were dead and buried, the American public had developed an extraordinary curiosity about their faith commitments (or lack thereof) and the influence of religion on...

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When the Founder Is Not a Creator

Liang Cai.

in Varieties of Religious Invention

November 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: East Asian Religions. 8833 words.

How did a failure in the political realm become a founder of the ru tradition that both existed before him and was once shared by all the elite? Scholars have puzzled over this phenomenon...

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What Is Daoism and Who Is Its Founder?

Gil Raz.

in Varieties of Religious Invention

November 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: East Asian Religions. 11682 words.

Although Daoism has long been known in the West as a major Chinese philosophical tradition, centered on Laozi and the ancient philosophical classic Daodejing, it is only recently that...

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Blavatsky, Helena Petrovna (1831–1891), founder of theosophy

Richard Davenport-Hines.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion. 2415 words.

Blavatsky, Helena Petrovna (1831–1891), founder of theosophy, was born at Yekaterinoslav (Dnepropetrovsk), Ukraine, at midnight on 30–31 July 1831, the daughter of Colonel Peter Hahn (d....

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Anandamurti (founder)

John Bowker.

in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

January 2000; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies. 5 words.

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Spartas (founder):

John Bowker.

in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

January 2000; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies. 7 words.

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Nasmith, David (1799–1839), founder of town and city missions

Gordon Goodwin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religion and Education. 449 words.

Nasmith, David (1799–1839), founder of town and city missions, was born at Glasgow on 21 March 1799. He attended sabbath school and the city's grammar school, with a view to the university,...

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Boston, Thomas (1713–1767), a founder of the Relief church

Kenneth B. E. Roxburgh.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches. 1143 words.

Boston, Thomas (1713–1767), a founder of the Relief church, was born at Ettrick, Selkirkshire, on 3 April 1713, the youngest son of Thomas Boston (1676–1732) and Katharine Boston, née Brown...

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Bryce, James (1767–1857), founder of the Associate Presbytery of Ireland

[Anon.].

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches. 576 words.

Bryce, James (1767–1857), founder of the Associate Presbytery of Ireland, was born at Airdrie in Lanarkshire on 5 December 1767. He was the son of John Bryce and Robina Allan (d. 1796)....

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Jacob, Joshua (c. 1802–1877), founder of the White Quakers

Alexander Gordon.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches. 519 words.

Jacob, Joshua (c. 1802–1877), founder of the White Quakers, was born at Clonmel, co. Tipperary, and was educated at Joseph Tatham's school in Leeds and later in Ballitore, co. Kildare....

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Kilham, Alexander (1762–1798), a founder of the Methodist New Connexion

Oliver A. Beckerlegge.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches. 1316 words.

Kilham, Alexander (1762–1798), a founder of the Methodist New Connexion, was born at Epworth, Lincolnshire, on 10 July 1762, the third son of Simon Kilham (d. 1801/2) and his wife,...

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Wilson, William (1690–1741), a founder of the Secession church

David C. Lachman.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches. 931 words.

Wilson, William (1690–1741), a founder of the Secession church, was born in Glasgow on 9 November 1690, the only son of Gilbert Wilson (d. 1711), a zealous covenanter who sought refuge in...

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Erskine, Ebenezer (1680–1754), a founder of the Secession church

David C. Lachman.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches. 3160 words.

Erskine, Ebenezer (1680–1754), a founder of the Secession church, was born on 22 June 1680 in Dryburgh, Mertoun, Berwickshire, the fourth son of Henry Erskine (1624–1696), presbyterian...

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Bourne, Hugh (1772–1852), founder of the Primitive Methodist church

G. C. Boase.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches. 825 words.

Bourne, Hugh (1772–1852), founder of the Primitive Methodist church, son of Joseph Bourne, farmer and wheelwright, and his wife, Ellen Steele, was born at Fordhays Farm, in the parish of...

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Sargent, John Grant (1813–1883), founder of the Fritchley Friends

Alexander Gordon.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches. 706 words.

Sargent, John Grant (1813–1883), founder of the Fritchley Friends, the youngest son of Isaac Sargent (1782–1871) and his wife, Hester, née Sturge (d. 1836), was born at Paddington on 30...

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