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founder

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Maritime History.

Of a ship, to sink at sea, generally understood to be by the flooding of its hull either through springing a leak or through striking a rock. Other causes of a ship sinking, such as...

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Mao Zedong (1893–1976)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 263 words.

founder and chairman (1949–76) of the People's Republic of China. Mao was a founder member of the Chinese

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Ismail (1486–1524)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 55 words.

Shah of Persia (Iran) (1501–24), founder of the Safavid dynasty. A national and religious hero in Iran, he

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Nanak (1469–1539)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 41 words.

founder and first guru of Sikhism. Nanak preached a monotheistic religion that combined elements of both Hinduism and Islam

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Ranjit Singh (1780–1839)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 85 words.

Maharaja, founder of the Sikh kingdom of the Punjab. At the age of 12, he became the ruler of a

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Romulus and Remus

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 64 words.

In Roman mythology, twin brothers, said to be sons of Mars and the founders of Rome. Amulius, who usurped

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Pyrrho (c.360–c.270 bc)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 33 words.

considered the founder of scepticism. His doctrine was that nothing can be known because every statement can be plausibly

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Pythagoras (c.580–500 bc)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 134 words.

and founder of the Pythagorean school. The Pythagoreans were bound to their teacher by rigid vows and were ascetic in

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Peres, Shimon (1923)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 171 words.

(1986–88, 1995–96), b. Belarus. Elected to the Knesset in 1959, Peres was a founder (

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Osman I (1258–1326)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 38 words.

Founder of the Ottoman empire. As ruler of the Osmanli (Ottoman) state in nw Anatolia (Turkey), he declared his

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Pahlavi, Reza (1878–1944)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 84 words.

Shah of Iran and founder of the modern Iranian state. In 1921, he took part in a nationalist coup

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Paré, Ambroise (1517–90)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 69 words.

regarded by some as the founder of modern surgery. In 1537, he was employed as an army surgeon, and

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Pasteur, Louis (1822–95)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 90 words.

one of the founders of microbiology. His work on bacteria led to the ‘germ theory’ of infection. In 1862

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Nujoma, Sam (1929)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 82 words.

president 1990–2005. A founder and leader of the South West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) from 1959,

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Plotinus (205–270)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 63 words.

Ancient philosopher, the founder of Neoplatonism. In c.244, he opened a school in Rome. In essence, Plotinus conceived

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existentialism

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 75 words.

Philosophical systems concerned with the nature of existence or being. Søren Kierkegaard is regarded as the founder of the movement.

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Clausius, Rudolf Julius Emanuel (1822–88)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 45 words.

regarded as the founder of thermodynamics. Using the work of Sadi Carnot, Clausius formulated the second law of

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Cole, Thomas (1801–48)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 28 words.

A founder of the Hudson River School, his romantic landscapes depict the grandeur of the Hudson River valley.

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Comte, Auguste (1798–1857)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 86 words.

the founder of Positivism. He proposed the law of the three stages (theological, metaphysical, and positive) that represent the

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Confucius

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 70 words.

Founder of Confucianism. Born in Lu, he was an excellent scholar and became an influential teacher of the sons

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Mead, George Herbert (1863–1931)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 45 words.

A founder of pragmatism, influenced by John Dewey, Mead studied the mind, the self, and society. His studies

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