Oxford Index Search Results

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founder

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Maritime History.

Of a ship, to sink at sea, generally understood to be by the flooding of its hull either through springing a leak or through striking a rock. Other causes of a ship sinking, such as...

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Fry, Roger Eliot (1866–1934)

in Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

January 2014; p ublished online August 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art. 2560 words.

Fry was a member of the Bloomsbury group, and a co-founder of the design workshop Omega (1913). He

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Freud, Sigmund

in Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

January 2014; p ublished online August 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art. 14655 words.

This entry comprises four essays on the founder of psychoanalysis: Survey of Thought Pathography Freud and Literature Freud and Music

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Leonardo da Vinci (1452–1519)

in Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

January 2014; p ublished online August 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art. 4191 words.

Leonardo is considered the founder of the High Renaissance style, and he produced a small corpus of paintings that rank

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Husserl, Edmund Gustav Albrecht (1859)

Daniel O. Dahlstrom.

in Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

January 1998; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art. 6045 words.

(1859–1938), German philosopher and founder of phenomenology, a movement in twentieth-century thought that attempts to

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Williams, Raymond (1921)

Grant Kester.

in Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

January 1998; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art. 2430 words.

(1921–1988), literary and cultural critic who was one of the founders in the early 1960s of

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Breton, André (1896)

Barbara Lekatsas.

in Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

January 1998; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art. 4368 words.

(1896–1966), French poet, theorist, polemicist, essayist, movement leader, editor, and founder of Surrealism.

Breton is

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Reid, Thomas (1710)

Josefine Nauckhoff.

in Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

January 1998; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art. 1690 words.

(1710–1796), Scottish philosopher and founder of the “commonsense” school of philosophy.

Reid was born into

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Richards, Ivor Armstrong (1893)

John Paul Russo.

in Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

January 1998; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art. 2178 words.

(1893–1979), one of the founders of modern literary criticism.

Richards contributed to aesthetics, semantics, literary criticism,

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Freud, Sigmund

Ellen Handler Spitz, Marcia Cavell and Stuart Feder.

in Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

January 1998; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art. 14329 words.

This entry comprises four essays on the founder of psychoanalysis: Survey of Thought Pathography Freud and Literature Freud and Music

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Williams, Raymond (1921–1988)

in Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

January 2014; p ublished online August 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art. 2469 words.

who was one of the founders in the early 1960s of the academic discipline known as “cultural studies.” Williams was

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Klein, Melanie (1882)

Ellen Handler Spitz.

in Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

January 1998; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art. 2212 words.

(1882–1960), Viennese-born British psychoanalyst, a founder of object-relations theory.

When aesthetics and psychoanalysis are brought

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Baumgarten's Science of Aesthetics

Frederick C. Beiser.

in Diotima's Children

October 2009; p ublished online February 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art. 17242 words.

This chapter focuses on Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten, who is considered the founder of modern aesthetics. It considers Baumgarten's first philosophical writing, his Meditationes...

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Nihilism and Boredom in Hedda Gabler

Leonardo F. Lisi.

in Ibsen's Hedda Gabler

February 2018; p ublished online December 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art. 8636 words.

This chapter focuses on Hedda’s experience of boredom and its relation to the modern condition of nihilism. While Hedda’s character has traditionally been seen as mysterious and erratic in...

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A Bit of Intellectual Autobiography

P. F. Strawson.

in Philosophical Writings

April 2011; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art. 3883 words.

This chapter focuses on Strawson's attitude towards the work of Kant. He describes how Kant's first Critique has a distinctive place in his own intellectual history. He also recalls a novel...

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André Bazin

Overview page. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art — Literature.

(1918–58)

Frenchfilm critic, co-founder and editor of the highly influential journal Cahiers du cinéma, the key organ of auteur theory. His essays, published posthumously in a...

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Heidegger, Martin

Hubert L. Dreyfus.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; 20th-Century Art. 885 words.

(b Messkirch, Sept 26, 1889; d Messkirch, May 26, 1976).

German philosopher. He studied theology then philosophy and science at the University of Freiburg, where he taught...

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Giedion, Sigfried

Barbara Küng.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; History of Art; 20th-Century Art. 675 words.

(b Prague, April 14, 1888; d Zurich, April 9, 1968).

Swiss architectural historian, critic, teacher and writer. The son of a Swiss industrialist, he first studied mechanical...

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Auguste Comte

Michael Bourdeau.

in Philosophy

P ublished online September 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 6796 words.

Auguste Comte (b. 1798–d. 1857) is the founder of positivist philosophy: he coined the term positivism, a word he understood to mean not only a philosophy of science, but also a political...

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Imre Lakatos

Brendan Larvor and Colin Jakob Rittberg.

in Philosophy

P ublished online July 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 7820 words.

Imre Lakatos (1922–1974) was a philosopher of mathematics and science. Having left Hungary in 1956, he made his first appearance on the international stage with a series of four papers...

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Gottlob Frege

Michael Beaney.

in Philosophy

P ublished online September 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 21470 words.

Gottlob Frege (b. 1848–d. 1925) was a German mathematician, logician, and philosopher who is generally regarded as one of the founders of the analytic tradition in philosophy—together with...

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