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founder

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Maritime History.

Of a ship, to sink at sea, generally understood to be by the flooding of its hull either through springing a leak or through striking a rock. Other causes of a ship sinking, such as...

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Attacking the Enlightenment on Behalf of Orthodoxy

Laurence Lampert.

in The Enduring Importance of Leo Strauss

August 2013; p ublished online September 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 17101 words.

This chapter deals with Strauss’s 1935 Introduction to Philosophy and Law and its critique of the modern Enlightenment, a critique that focuses on its alleged founders, Descartes and...

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Ahad Ha’am

Dmitry Shumsky.

in Beyond the Nation-State

October 2018; p ublished online May 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 12478 words.

This chapter analyzes the political outlook of Asher Ginsberg (Ahad Ha'am, 1856–1927), the founder of spiritual–cultural Zionism. The approach to Ahad Ha'am in this historiography, however,...

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Vladimir Jabotinsky

Dmitry Shumsky.

in Beyond the Nation-State

October 2018; p ublished online May 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 17524 words.

This chapter explores the political approaches toward self-determination, the nation, and the state by the founder of the right-wing revisionist movement, Vladimir Ze'ev Jabotinsky...

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Leon Pinsker

Dmitry Shumsky.

in Beyond the Nation-State

October 2018; p ublished online May 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 9658 words.

This chapter focuses on a figure that the existing historiography considers to be the first to articulate the principle of territorial self-determination in modern Jewish nationalism: Leon...

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Criticizing Critical Theory

Charles W. Mills.

in Critical Theory in Critical Times

April 2017; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 6867 words.

Whether locating its origins in Marxism, or tracing them all the way back to Kant, Critical Theory defines itself as a philosophical outlook self-consciously emancipatory, seeking to...

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An Interview with Paul Levy

Roger Berkowitz.

in The Intellectual Origins of the Global Financial Crisis

September 2012; p ublished online January 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 5063 words.

Paul Levy, Founder and Managing Partner of JLL Partners asks “How do bubbles happen?” They do not generally happen because of malevolent or corrupt behavior. We live in a society where...

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Theodor Herzl

Dmitry Shumsky.

in Beyond the Nation-State

October 2018; p ublished online May 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 14639 words.

This chapter examines Theodor Herzl (1860–1904), the founder of political Zionism. The very expression “Herzl, visionary of the state,” which has become common not only in Israeli public...

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Ethics without Normativity and Politics without Historicity

Seyla Benhabib.

in Exile, Statelessness, and Migration

September 2018; p ublished online May 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 7524 words.

This chapter talks about how the announcement that Judith Butler was awarded the Adorno Prize of the city of Frankfurt led to an intense controversy that engulfed officials of the...

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Some Initial Objections and Replies

Kirk Ludwig.

in From Individual to Plural Agency

September 2016; p ublished online October 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 10080 words.

This chapter responds to five initial objections to this account of shared intention. The first objection is that requirement that the agent intend that others act implausibly models shared...

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Agamben and Derrida Read Saussure

Kevin Attell.

in Giorgio Agamben

October 2014; p ublished online May 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 11252 words.

The first chapter of the book focuses on the concluding section of Agamben's 1977 book Stanzas, where he launches his first sustained critique of deconstruction with an interpretation of...

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Introduction

Bart Schultz.

in The Happiness Philosophers

May 2017; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 3561 words.

This book presents biographical/philosophical sketches of the founders of classical utilitarianism such as William Godwin, Jeremy Bentham, John Stuart Mill, and Henry Sidgwick. The great...

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In the Interest of the Governed

David Lyons.

July 1991; p ublished online October 2011 .

Book. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 176 pages.

Although known as the founder of modern utilitarianism and the source of analytical jurisprudence, Bentham today is infrequently read, but often caricatured. This book, based on a study of...

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The Happiness Philosophers

Bart Schultz.

May 2017; p ublished online May 2018 .

Book. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy. 456 pages.

This book tells the colorful story of the lives and legacies of the founders of utilitarianism—one of the most influential yet misunderstood philosophies of the past two centuries. Best...

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Concentrated Risk, the Coventry Blitz, Chamberlain’s Cancer

Nir Eyal.

in Identified versus Statistical Lives

August 2015; p ublished online April 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Moral Philosophy; Social and Political Philosophy. 7178 words.

Suppose that Churchill had known in advance about the German Blitz plan for Coventry and decided to do nothing against it, in order to cut overall British war casualties by a little. Would...

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The Morality of Defensive War

Edited by Cécile Fabre and Seth Lazar.

February 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Book. Subjects: Moral Philosophy; Social and Political Philosophy. 272 pages.

Conventional just war theory—grounded in the founders of public international law—has three central tenets. First, unprovoked military aggression against a political community justifies the...

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Introduction

Cécile Fabre and Seth Lazar.

in The Morality of Defensive War

February 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Moral Philosophy; Social and Political Philosophy. 4255 words.

Conventional just war theory—grounded in the founders of public international law and most prominently defended in the modern era by Michael Walzer—has three central tenets. First,...

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The Marxian Tradition

Terrell Carver.

in The Oxford Handbook of the History of Political Philosophy

May 2011; p ublished online September 2011 .

Article. Subjects: History of Western Philosophy; Social and Political Philosophy. 10281 words.

Karl Marx (1818–1883) and his sometime collaborator and long-term friend, Friedrich Engels (1820–1895), are rightly regarded as the founders of a highly significant tradition in the history...

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Auguste Comte

Michael Bourdeau.

in Philosophy

P ublished online September 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 6796 words.

Auguste Comte (b. 1798–d. 1857) is the founder of positivist philosophy: he coined the term positivism, a word he understood to mean not only a philosophy of science, but also a political...

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Imre Lakatos

Brendan Larvor and Colin Jakob Rittberg.

in Philosophy

P ublished online July 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 7820 words.

Imre Lakatos (1922–1974) was a philosopher of mathematics and science. Having left Hungary in 1956, he made his first appearance on the international stage with a series of four papers...

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Gottlob Frege

Michael Beaney.

in Philosophy

P ublished online September 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 21470 words.

Gottlob Frege (b. 1848–d. 1925) was a German mathematician, logician, and philosopher who is generally regarded as one of the founders of the analytic tradition in philosophy—together with...

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