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founder

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Maritime History.

Of a ship, to sink at sea, generally understood to be by the flooding of its hull either through springing a leak or through striking a rock. Other causes of a ship sinking, such as...

See overview in Oxford Index

Mao Zedong (1893–1976)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 263 words.

founder and chairman (1949–76) of the People's Republic of China. Mao was a founder member of the Chinese

Ismail (1486–1524)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 55 words.

Shah of Persia (Iran) (1501–24), founder of the Safavid dynasty. A national and religious hero in Iran, he

Nanak (1469–1539)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 41 words.

founder and first guru of Sikhism. Nanak preached a monotheistic religion that combined elements of both Hinduism and Islam

Ranjit Singh (1780–1839)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 85 words.

Maharaja, founder of the Sikh kingdom of the Punjab. At the age of 12, he became the ruler of a

Romulus and Remus

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 64 words.

In Roman mythology, twin brothers, said to be sons of Mars and the founders of Rome. Amulius, who usurped

Pyrrho (c.360–c.270 bc)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 33 words.

considered the founder of scepticism. His doctrine was that nothing can be known because every statement can be plausibly

Pythagoras (c.580–500 bc)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 134 words.

and founder of the Pythagorean school. The Pythagoreans were bound to their teacher by rigid vows and were ascetic in

Peres, Shimon (1923)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 171 words.

(1986–88, 1995–96), b. Belarus. Elected to the Knesset in 1959, Peres was a founder (

Osman I (1258–1326)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 38 words.

Founder of the Ottoman empire. As ruler of the Osmanli (Ottoman) state in nw Anatolia (Turkey), he declared his

Pahlavi, Reza (1878–1944)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 84 words.

Shah of Iran and founder of the modern Iranian state. In 1921, he took part in a nationalist coup

Paré, Ambroise (1517–90)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 69 words.

regarded by some as the founder of modern surgery. In 1537, he was employed as an army surgeon, and

Pasteur, Louis (1822–95)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 90 words.

one of the founders of microbiology. His work on bacteria led to the ‘germ theory’ of infection. In 1862

Nujoma, Sam (1929)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 82 words.

president 1990–2005. A founder and leader of the South West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) from 1959,

Plotinus (205–270)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 63 words.

Ancient philosopher, the founder of Neoplatonism. In c.244, he opened a school in Rome. In essence, Plotinus conceived

existentialism

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 75 words.

Philosophical systems concerned with the nature of existence or being. Søren Kierkegaard is regarded as the founder of the movement.

Clausius, Rudolf Julius Emanuel (1822–88)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 45 words.

regarded as the founder of thermodynamics. Using the work of Sadi Carnot, Clausius formulated the second law of

Cole, Thomas (1801–48)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 28 words.

A founder of the Hudson River School, his romantic landscapes depict the grandeur of the Hudson River valley.

Comte, Auguste (1798–1857)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 86 words.

the founder of Positivism. He proposed the law of the three stages (theological, metaphysical, and positive) that represent the

Confucius

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 70 words.

Founder of Confucianism. Born in Lu, he was an excellent scholar and became an influential teacher of the sons

Mead, George Herbert (1863–1931)

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 45 words.

A founder of pragmatism, influenced by John Dewey, Mead studied the mind, the self, and society. His studies