Oxford Index Search Results

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founder

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Maritime History.

Of a ship, to sink at sea, generally understood to be by the flooding of its hull either through springing a leak or through striking a rock. Other causes of a ship sinking, such as...

See overview in Oxford Index

On the Retirement of E. P. Goldfinch, Founder of Radiation Protection Dosimetry

Joseph C. McDonald and Yigal S. Horowitz.

in Radiation Protection Dosimetry

July 2004; p ublished online July 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Nuclear Chemistry, Photochemistry, and Radiation. 558 words.

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Maxwell, James Clerk (1831–79)

Edited by Richard Rennie and Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Chemistry

January 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chemistry. 49 words.

born in Edinburgh, who held academic posts at Aberdeen, London, and Cambridge. In the 1860s he was one of the founders of the ...

Hoff, Jacobus Henrikus van’t (1852–1911)

Edited by Richard Rennie and Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Chemistry

January 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chemistry. 68 words.

who first recognized that a molecule could exist in two mirror-image forms. He proposed that these forms rotated the plane of polarization in opposite senses, and is generally regarded as...

Thudichum, John Louis William [formerly Ludwig Johann Wilhelm] (1829–1901), physician and chemist

N. G. Coley.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Medicinal Chemistry. 1211 words.

Thudichum, John Louis William [formerly Ludwig Johann Wilhelm] (1829–1901), physician and chemist, was born on 27 August 1829 at Büdingen, Hesse, Germany, the eldest son of Georg Thudichum...

Brown, Samuel (1817–1856), chemist

David Knight.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicinal Chemistry. 1093 words.

Brown, Samuel (1817–1856), chemist, was born at Haddington, Scotland, on 23 February 1817, fourth son of Samuel Brown, founder of ‘itinerating libraries’ and grandson of John Brown,...

Tolman, Richard Chace

Judith R. Goodstein.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Physics; Medicinal Chemistry. 1303 words.

Tolman, Richard Chace (27 November 1881–05 September 1948), physical chemist and mathematical physicist, was born in West Newton, Massachusetts, the son of James Pike Tolman, a businessman...

Brooke, Henry James (1771–1857), crystallographer

Graham Chinner.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicinal Chemistry; Crystallography. 846 words.

Brooke, Henry James (1771–1857), crystallographer, was born on 25 May 1771 at Exeter into a family manufacturing broadcloth. After studying for the bar he entered business successively in...

Loeb, Morris

Martin D. Saltzman.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Medicinal Chemistry. 1158 words.

Loeb, Morris (23 May 1863–08 October 1912), chemist and philanthropist, was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, the son of Solomon Loeb, a financier, and Betty Gallenberg. As the son of one of the...

Doremus, Robert Ogden

Robert M. Hawthorne.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Education; Engineering and Technology; Medicinal Chemistry. 1123 words.

Doremus, Robert Ogden (11 January 1824–22 March 1906), chemist, teacher, and inventor, was born in New York City, the son of Thomas Cornelius Doremus, a merchant who was one of the founders...

Boot, John Campbell, second Baron Trent (1889–1956), retail and manufacturing chemist

S. D. Chapman.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Industrial Chemistry; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1262 words.

Boot, John Campbell, second Baron Trent (1889–1956), retail and manufacturing chemist, was born on 19 January 1889 in Nottingham, the only son of Jesse Boot (1850–1931), the founder of...

Muspratt, Edmund Knowles (1833–1923), industrial chemist

Trevor I. Williams.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Industrial Chemistry; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 577 words.

Muspratt, Edmund Knowles (1833–1923), industrial chemist, was born on 6 November 1833 in Linacre, near Bootle, the youngest in the family of four sons and six daughters of James Muspratt...

Genomic deletion induced by Tol2 transposon excision in zebrafish

Peng Huang, Linjie Xu, Wei Liang, Chi Ian Tam, Yutian Zhang, Fei Qi, Zuoyan Zhu, Shuo Lin and Bo Zhang.

in Nucleic Acids Research

January 2013; p ublished online November 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Chemistry; Biochemistry; Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Genetics and Genomics; Molecular and Cell Biology. 4188 words.

Genomic deletions induced by imprecise excision of transposons have been used to disrupt gene functions in Drosophila. To determine the excision properties of Tol2, a popular transposon in...

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Molecular Haplotyping of Genetic Markers 10 kb Apart by Allele-Specific Long-Range PCR

Sonia Michalatos-Beloin, Sarah A. Tishkoff, Kevin L. Bentley, Kenneth K. Kidd and Gualberto Ruano.

in Nucleic Acids Research

December 1996; p ublished online December 1996 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Chemistry; Biochemistry; Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Genetics and Genomics; Molecular and Cell Biology. 1516 words.

Haplotypes, combinations of polymorphic markers in a chromosome, are critical for genome diversity research. However, their utility in population samplings is compromised by uncertain...

Estimation of the RNU2 macrosatellite mutation rate by BRCA1 mutation tracing

Chloé Tessereau, Yann Lesecque, Nastasia Monnet, Monique Buisson, Laure Barjhoux, Mélanie Léoné, Bingjian Feng, David E. Goldgar, Olga M. Sinilnikova, Sylvain Mousset, Laurent Duret and Sylvie Mazoyer.

in Nucleic Acids Research

August 2014; p ublished online July 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Chemistry; Biochemistry; Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Genetics and Genomics; Molecular and Cell Biology. 6928 words.

Large tandem repeat sequences have been poorly investigated as severe technical limitations and their frequent absence from the genome reference hinder their analysis. Extensive...

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High-efficiency and heritable gene targeting in mouse by transcription activator-like effector nucleases

Zhongwei Qiu, Meizhen Liu, Zhaohua Chen, Yanjiao Shao, Hongjie Pan, Gaigai Wei, Chao Yu, Long Zhang, Xia Li, Ping Wang, Heng-Yu Fan, Bing Du, Bin Liu, Mingyao Liu and Dali Li.

in Nucleic Acids Research

June 2013; p ublished online April 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Chemistry; Biochemistry; Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Genetics and Genomics; Molecular and Cell Biology. 5330 words.

Transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs) are a powerful new approach for targeted gene disruption in various animal models, but little is known about their activities in Mus...

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Synthesis and processing of tRNA-related SINE transcripts in Arabidopsis thaliana

Thierry Pélissier, Cécile Bousquet-Antonelli, Laurence Lavie and Jean-Marc Deragon.

in Nucleic Acids Research

January 2004; p ublished online January 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Chemistry; Biochemistry; Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Genetics and Genomics; Molecular and Cell Biology. 8394 words.

Despite the ubiquitous distribution of tRNA-related short interspersed elements (SINEs) in eukaryotic species, very little is known about the synthesis and processing of their RNAs. In this...

A novel UV-damaged DNA binding protein emerges during the chromatin-eliminating cleavage period in Ascaris suum

Christof Seidl and Karl B. Moritz.

in Nucleic Acids Research

February 1998; p ublished online February 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Chemistry; Biochemistry; Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Genetics and Genomics; Molecular and Cell Biology. 6944 words.

During the early cleavage period of Ascaris suum, chromatin diminution takes place in the somatic founder cells. In the process of chromatin diminution numerous heterochromatic blocks,...

Weightman, William

Michelle E. Osborn.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Banking; Medicinal Chemistry. 777 words.

Weightman, William (30 September 1813–25 August 1904), manufacturer, chemist, and financier, was born in Waltham, Lincolnshire, England, the son of William Weightman and Anne Farr....

Stochastic, stage-specific mechanisms account for the variegation of a human globin transgene

Timothy A. Graubert, Bruce A. Hug, Robin Wesselschmidt, Chih-Lin Hsieh, Thomas M. Ryan, Tim M. Townes and Timothy J. Ley.

in Nucleic Acids Research

June 1998; p ublished online June 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Chemistry; Biochemistry; Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Genetics and Genomics; Molecular and Cell Biology. 6034 words.

The random insertion of transgenes into the genomic DNA of mice usually leads to widely variable levels of expression in individual founder lines. To study the mechanisms that cause...

Helix–hairpin–helix protein MJ1434 from Methanocaldococcus jannaschii and EndoIV homologue TTC0482 from Thermus thermophilus HB27 do not process DNA uracil residues

Lars Schomacher, Sabine Smolorz, Elena Ciirdaeva, Svetlana Ber, Wilfried Kramer and Hans-Joachim Fritz.

in Nucleic Acids Research

August 2010; p ublished online April 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Chemistry; Biochemistry; Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Genetics and Genomics; Molecular and Cell Biology. 6536 words.

The mutagenic threat of hydrolytic DNA cytosine deamination is met mostly by uracil DNA glycosylases (UDG) initiating base excision repair. However, several sequenced genomes of archaeal...

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