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founder

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Maritime History.

Of a ship, to sink at sea, generally understood to be by the flooding of its hull either through springing a leak or through striking a rock. Other causes of a ship sinking, such as...

See overview in Oxford Index

The Impact of Founder Events on Chromosomal Variability in Multiply Mating Species

John E. Pool and Rasmus Nielsen.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

August 2008; p ublished online May 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 6749 words.

In species with heterogametic males, the relative levels of X chromosome versus autosome diversity hold key information about the evolutionary forces at work in a population. It has been...

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Founders, Drift, and Infidelity: The Relationship between Y Chromosome Diversity and Patrilineal Surnames

Turi E. King and Mark A. Jobling.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

May 2009; p ublished online February 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 5690 words.

Most heritable surnames, like Y chromosomes, are passed from father to son. These unique cultural markers of coancestry might therefore have a genetic correlate in shared Y chromosome types...

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Comparative Genetics and Evolution of Annexin A13 as the Founder Gene of Vertebrate Annexins

Juan-Manuel Iglesias, Reginald O. Morgan, Nancy A. Jenkins, Neal G. Copeland, Debra J. Gilbert and Maria-Pilar Fernandez.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

May 2002; p ublished online May 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 8733 words.

Annexin A13 (ANXA13) is believed to be the original founder gene of the 12-member vertebrate annexin A family, and it has acquired an intestine-specific expression associated with a highly...

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Testing Founder Effect Speciation: Divergence Population Genetics of the Spoonbills Platalea regia and Pl. minor (Threskiornithidae, Aves)

Carol K. L. Yeung, Pi-Wen Tsai, R. Terry Chesser, Rong-Chien Lin, Cheng-Te Yao, Xiu-Hua Tian and Shou-Hsien Li.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

January 2011; p ublished online August 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 6254 words.

Although founder effect speciation has been a popular theoretical model for the speciation of geographically isolated taxa, its empirical importance has remained difficult to evaluate due...

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mtDNA Data Indicate a Single Origin for Dogs South of Yangtze River, Less Than 16,300 Years Ago, from Numerous Wolves

Jun-Feng Pang, Cornelya Kluetsch, Xiao-Ju Zou, Ai-bing Zhang, Li-Yang Luo, Helen Angleby, Arman Ardalan, Camilla Ekström, Anna Sköllermo, Joakim Lundeberg, Shuichi Matsumura, Thomas Leitner, Ya-Ping Zhang and Peter Savolainen.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

December 2009; p ublished online September 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 12688 words.

There is no generally accepted picture of where, when, and how the domestic dog originated. Previous studies of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) have failed to establish the time and precise place...

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Mitochondrial DNA from Prehistoric Canids Highlights Relationships Between Dogs and South-East European Wolves

Fabio Verginelli, Cristian Capelli, Valentina Coia, Marco Musiani, Mario Falchetti, Laura Ottini, Raffaele Palmirotta, Antonio Tagliacozzo, Iacopo De Grossi Mazzorin and Renato Mariani-Costantini.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

December 2005; p ublished online August 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 7798 words.

The question of the origins of the dog has been much debated. The dog is descended from the wolf that at the end of the last glaciation (the archaeologically hypothesized period of dog...

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Patterns of Linkage Disequilibrium and Long Range Hitchhiking in Evolving Experimental Drosophila melanogaster Populations

Susanne U. Franssen, Viola Nolte, Ray Tobler and Christian Schlötterer.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

February 2015; p ublished online November 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 9536 words.

Whole-genome resequencing of experimental populations evolving under a specific selection regime has become a popular approach to determine genotype–phenotype maps and understand adaptation...

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Mitochondrial gene divergence of Colombian Drosophila pseudoobscura.

T M Jenkins, C J Basten and W W Anderson.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

November 1996 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 0 words.

Isolated populations of drosophila pseudoobscura, separated from North American populations by about 2,400 km, were found in Colombia in 1960. We compared for sequences of the small...

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Unexpected Island Effects at an Extreme: Reduced Y Chromosome and Mitochondrial DNA Diversity in Nias

Mannis van Oven, Johannes M. Hämmerle, Marja van Schoor, Geoff Kushnick, Petra Pennekamp, Idaman Zega, Oscar Lao, Lea Brown, Ingo Kennerknecht and Manfred Kayser.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

April 2011; p ublished online November 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 7839 words.

The amount of genetic diversity in a population is determined by demographic and selection events in its history. Human populations which exhibit greatly reduced overall genetic diversity,...

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Evidence for Multiple Genetic Forms with Similar Eyeless Phenotypes in the Blind Cavefish, Astyanax mexicanus

Thomas E. Dowling, David P. Martasian and William R. Jeffery.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

April 2002; p ublished online April 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 5534 words.

A diverse group of animals has adapted to caves and lost their eyes and pigmentation, but little is known about how these animals and their striking phenotypes have evolved. The teleost Ast...

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Contrasting Rates of Mitochondrial Molecular Evolution in Parasitic Diptera and Hymenoptera

L. R. Castro, A. D. Austin and M. Dowton.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

July 2002; p ublished online July 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 5887 words.

We investigated the putative association between the parasitic lifestyle and an accelerated rate of mt genetic divergence, compositional bias, and gene rearrangement, employing a range of...

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Microsatellite Variation in Colonizing and Palearctic Populations of Drosophila subobscura

Marta Pascual, Charles F. Aquadro, Vanessa Soto and Luis Serra.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

May 2001; p ublished online May 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 6765 words.

The recent colonization of North America by Drosophila subobscura has provided a great opportunity to analyze a colonization process from the beginning. A comparative study using 10...

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The evolutionary history of Drosophila buzzatii. XXXIV. The distribution of the retrotransposon Osvaldo in original and colonizing populations.

M Labrador, M C Seleme and A Fontdevila.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

November 1998; p ublished online November 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 0 words.

The frequency distribution of the retrotransposon Osvaldo in the haploid genome of Drosophila buzzatii has been studied in five natural populations from the Iberian Peninsula and six...

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The evolutionary history of Drosophila buzzatii. XXX. Mitochondrial DNA polymorphism in original and colonizing populations.

M S Rossi, E Barrio, A Latorre, J E Quezada-Díaz, E Hasson, A Moya and A Fontdevila.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

February 1996 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 0 words.

Both original and colonizer populations of Drosophila buzzatii have been analyzed for mtDNA restriction polymorphisms. Most of the mtDNA nucleotide variation in original populations of NW...

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Tracing the Phylogeography of Human Populations in Britain Based on 4th–11th Century mtDNA Genotypes

A. L. Töpf, M. T. P. Gilbert, J. P. Dumbacher and A. R. Hoelzel.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

January 2006; p ublished online September 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 7089 words.

Some of the transitional periods of Britain during the first millennium A.D. are traditionally associated with the movement of people from continental Europe, composed largely of invading...

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A Novel Abundant Family of Retroposed Elements (DAS-SINEs) in the Nine-Banded Armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus)

Gennady Churakov, Arian F.A. Smit, Jürgen Brosius and Jürgen Schmitz.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

April 2005; p ublished online December 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 4651 words.

About half of the mammalian genome is composed of retroposons. Long interspersed elements (LINEs) and short interspersed elements (SINEs) are the most abundant repetitive elements and...

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Large-Scale mtDNA Screening Reveals a Surprising Matrilineal Complexity in East Asia and Its Implications to the Peopling of the Region

Qing-Peng Kong, Chang Sun, Hua-Wei Wang, Mian Zhao, Wen-Zhi Wang, Li Zhong, Xiao-Dan Hao, Hui Pan, Sha-Yan Wang, Yao-Ting Cheng, Chun-Ling Zhu, Shi-Fang Wu, Li-Na Liu, Jie-Qiong Jin, Yong-Gang Yao and Ya-Ping Zhang.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

January 2011; p ublished online August 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 6055 words.

In order to achieve a thorough coverage of the basal lineages in the Chinese matrilineal pool, we have sequenced the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region and partial coding region...

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A Worldwide Survey of Human Male Demographic History Based on Y-SNP and Y-STR Data from the HGDP–CEPH Populations

Wentao Shi, Qasim Ayub, Mark Vermeulen, Rong-guang Shao, Sofia Zuniga, Kristiaan van der Gaag, Peter de Knijff, Manfred Kayser, Yali Xue and Chris Tyler-Smith.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

February 2010; p ublished online October 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 5219 words.

We have investigated human male demographic history using 590 males from 51 populations in the Human Genome Diversity Project - Centre d’Étude du Polymorphisme Humain worldwide panel, typed...

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Can a Sex-Biased Human Demography Account for the Reduced Effective Population Size of Chromosome X in Non-Africans?

Alon Keinan and David Reich.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

October 2010; p ublished online May 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 7571 words.

Sex-biased demographic events can result in asymmetries in female and male effective population size that can lead to different patterns of genetic variation on chromosome X than are...

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Large-Scale Genetic Survey Provides Insights into the Captive Management and Reintroduction of Giant Pandas

Lei Shan, Yibo Hu, Lifeng Zhu, Li Yan, Chengdong Wang, Desheng Li, Xuelin Jin, Chenglin Zhang and Fuwen Wei.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

October 2014; p ublished online July 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 5471 words.

The captive genetic management of threatened species strives to preserve genetic diversity and avoid inbreeding to ensure populations remain available, healthy, and viable for future...