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founder

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Maritime History.

Of a ship, to sink at sea, generally understood to be by the flooding of its hull either through springing a leak or through striking a rock. Other causes of a ship sinking, such as...

See overview in Oxford Index

Genetic Variability and Founder Effect in the Pitcher Plant Sarracenia purpurea (Sarraceniaceae) in Populations Introduced into Switzerland: from Inbreeding to Invasion

CHRISTIAN PARISOD, CHARLOTTE TRIPPI and NICOLE GALLAND.

in Annals of Botany

January 2005; p ublished online November 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Plant Sciences and Forestry. 7693 words.

Background and Aims The long-lived and mainly outcrossing species Sarracenia purpurea has been introduced into Switzerland and become invasive. This creates the opportunity to study...

Genetic Diversity of Hibiscus tiliaceus (Malvaceae) in China Assessed using AFLP Markers

TIAN TANG, YANG ZHONG, SHUGUANG JIAN and SUHUA SHI.

in Annals of Botany

September 2003; p ublished online September 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Plant Sciences and Forestry. 3615 words.

Amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers were used to investigate the genetic variations within and among nine natural populations of Hibiscus tiliaceus in China....

Ecological Genetics of Vernalization Response in Bromus tectorum L. (Poaceae)

SUSAN E. MEYER, DAVID L. NELSON and STEPHANIE L. CARLSON.

in Annals of Botany

June 2004; p ublished online June 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Plant Sciences and Forestry. 6120 words.

Background and Aims Bromus tectorum (cheatgrass or downy brome) is an exotic annual grass that is dominant over large areas of former shrubland in western North America. To...

High Nuclear Genetic Diversity, High Levels of Outcrossing and Low Differentiation Among Remnant Populations of Quercus petraea at the Margin of its Range in Ireland

GRAHAM MUIR, ANDREW J. LOWE, COLIN C. FLEMING and CLAUS VOGL.

in Annals of Botany

June 2004; p ublished online June 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Plant Sciences and Forestry. 5188 words.

Background and Aims Quercus petraea colonized Ireland after the last glaciation from refugia on mainland Europe. Deforestation, however, beginning in Neolithic times, has...

Molecular and Quantitative Genetic Differentiation in European Populations of Silene latifolia (Caryophyllaceae)

Céline Jolivet and Giorgina Bernasconi.

in Annals of Botany

July 2007; p ublished online June 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Plant Sciences and Forestry. 6182 words.

Background and Aims

Among-population differentiation in phenotypic traits and allelic variation is expected as a consequence of isolation, drift, founder...

Extensive Clonality and Strong Differentiation in the Insular Pacific Tree Santalum insulare: Implications for its Conservation

EMELINE LHUILLIER, JEAN-FRANÇOIS BUTAUD and JEAN-MARC BOUVET.

in Annals of Botany

P ublished online August 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Plant Sciences and Forestry. 9040 words.

Background and Aims The impact of evolutionary forces on insular systems is particularly exacerbated by the remoteness of islands, strong founder effects, small population size and the...

The Impact of Biochemistry vs. Population Membership on Floral Scent Profiles in Colour Polymorphic Hesperis matronalis

Cassie J. Majetic, Robert A. Raguso and Tia-Lynn Ashman.

in Annals of Botany

December 2008; p ublished online September 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Plant Sciences and Forestry. 7960 words.

Background and Aims

Studies of floral scent evolution often attribute variation in floral scent to differences in pollinator behaviour, ignoring the...

Genetic consequences of anagenetic speciation in Acer okamotoanum (Sapindaceae) on Ullung Island, Korea

Koji Takayama, Byung-Yun Sun and Tod F. Stuessy.

in Annals of Botany

February 2012; p ublished online November 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Plant Sciences and Forestry. 6246 words.

Background and Aim

Anagenesis (also known as phyletic speciation) is an important process of speciation in endemic species of oceanic islands. We...

One hundred and twenty-five years of the Annals of Botany. Part 1: the first 50 years (1887–1936)

Michael B. Jackson.

in Annals of Botany

January 2015; p ublished online December 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Plant Sciences and Forestry. 14483 words.

Background The Annals of Botany is a peer-reviewed scientific journal publishing papers on a wide range of topics in plant biology. It first appeared in 1887, making it the...

Inter- and Intra-specific Variation among Five Erythroxylum Taxa Assessed by AFLP

EMANUEL L. JOHNSON, DAPENG ZHANG and STEPHEN D. EMCHE.

in Annals of Botany

March 2005; p ublished online January 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Plant Sciences and Forestry. 5299 words.

Background and Aims The four cultivated Erythroxylum taxa (E. coca var. coca, E. novogranatense var. novogranatense, E. coca var. ipadu and E. novogranatense var. truxillense) are...

Intraspecific karyotypic polymorphism is highly concordant with allozyme variation in Lysimachia mauritiana (Primulaceae: Myrsinoideae) in Taiwan: implications for the colonization history and dispersal patterns of coastal plants

Yoshiko Kono, Kuo-Fang Chung, Chih-Hui Chen, Yoshikazu Hoshi, Hiroaki Setoguchi, Chang-Hung Chou, Kazuo Oginuma and Ching-I Peng.

in Annals of Botany

November 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Plant Sciences and Forestry. 10597 words.

Background and Aims

Investigating intraspecific karyotypic and genetic variations jointly can provide unique insights into how historical, ecological and...

Transatlantic invasion routes and adaptive potential in North American populations of the invasive glossy buckthorn, Frangula alnus

Hanne De Kort, Joachim Mergeay, Hans Jacquemyn and Olivier Honnay.

in Annals of Botany

November 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Plant Sciences and Forestry. 8286 words.

Background and Aims Many invasive species severely threaten native biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. One of the most prominent questions in invasion genetics is how...

Ectopic expression of LEAFY COTYLEDON1-LIKE gene and localized auxin accumulation mark embryogenic competence in epiphyllous plants of Helianthus annuus × H. tuberosus

A. Chiappetta, M. Fambrini, M. Petrarulo, F. Rapparini, V. Michelotti, L. Bruno, M. Greco, R. Baraldi, M. Salvini, C. Pugliesi and M. B. Bitonti.

in Annals of Botany

March 2009; p ublished online January 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Plant Sciences and Forestry. 7082 words.

Background and Aims

The clone EMB-2 of the interspecific hybrid Helianthus annuus × H. tuberosus provides an interesting system to study molecular and...

Genome size reduction can trigger rapid phenotypic evolution in invasive plants

Sébastien Lavergne, Nikolas J. Muenke and Jane Molofsky.

in Annals of Botany

January 2010; p ublished online November 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Plant Sciences and Forestry. 5082 words.

Background and Aims

The study of rapid evolution in invasive species has highlighted the fundamental role played by founder events, emergence of genetic...

Reduced plant water status under sub-ambient pCO2 limits plant productivity in the wild progenitors of C3 and C4 cereals

Jennifer Cunniff, Michael Charles, Glynis Jones and Colin P. Osborne.

in Annals of Botany

November 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Plant Sciences and Forestry. 8079 words.

Background and Aims The reduction of plant productivity by low atmospheric CO2 partial pressure (pCO2) during the last glacial period is proposed as a limiting factor for the...

High genetic diversity in a threatened clonal species, Cypripedium calceolus (Orchidaceae), enables long-term stability of the species in different biogeographical regions in Estonia

Roberta Gargiulo, Aigi Ilves, Tanel Kaart, Michael F Fay and Tiiu Kull.

in Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society

March 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Natural History; Plant Sciences and Forestry; Plant Evolution. 6240 words.

Abstract

In plants capable of clonal reproduction, demographic and ecological investigations are essential for understanding the factors contributing to...