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Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Maritime History.

Of a ship, to sink at sea, generally understood to be by the flooding of its hull either through springing a leak or through striking a rock. Other causes of a ship sinking, such as...

See overview in Oxford Index

Stow, David (1793–1864), school founder and educationist

Elizabeth J. Morse.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 2552 words.

Stow, David (1793–1864), school founder and educationist, was born in Paisley on 17 May 1793, the son of William Stow and his wife, Agnes Smith. William Stow was a prosperous Paisley...

Ware, Lancelot Lionel (1915–2000), founder of Mensa

Jason Tomes.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Education. 855 words.

Ware, Lancelot Lionel (1915–2000), founder of Mensa, was born on 5 June 1915 at 44 Vectis Road, Mitcham, Surrey, the only son and elder child of Frederick Richard Ware (d. 1940), merchant's...

Lyon, John (1514?–1592), founder of Harrow School

Caroline M. K. Bowden.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 740 words.

Lyon, John (1514?–1592), founder of Harrow School, was the son of John Lyon (d. 1534) and his wife, Joan; the family owned land in Preston near Harrow. A man of substance, by 1562 John Lyon...

Townshend, Charles Fox (1795–1817), founder of the Eton Society

Thomas Seccombe.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education. 435 words.

Townshend, Charles Fox (1795–1817), founder of the Eton Society, born at Balls Park, Hertfordshire, on 28 June 1795, was the eldest son of John Townshend (1757–1833), member of parliament...

Nixon, John (bap. 1589, d. 1662), civic leader and school founder

Vivienne Larminie.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online May 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: UK Politics; Education. 1858 words.

Nixon, John (bap. 1589, d. 1662), civic leader and school founder, was baptized in February 1589 ('the Wednesday before Shrovetide') in St Giles's Church, Bletchingdon, Oxfordshire. He was...

Dove, Dame (Jane) Frances (1847–1942), founder of Wycombe Abbey School

Kate Perry.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 1540 words.

Dove, Dame (Jane) Frances (1847–1942), founder of Wycombe Abbey School, was born at Bordeaux, France, on 27 June 1847, the eldest of the ten children of the Revd John Thomas Dove...

Lawrence, Penelope (1856–1932), a founder of Roedean School, Brighton

Gillian Avery.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 1737 words.

Lawrence, Penelope (1856–1932), a founder of Roedean School, Brighton, with her half-sisters Dorothy Lawrence (1860–1933) and Millicent Lawrence (1863–1925), was the only child of Philip...

Holden, Thomas (d. 1441), founder of St Mary's College, Oxford

R. B. Dobson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 811 words.

Holden, Thomas (d. 1441), founder of St Mary's College, Oxford, was the son of John Holden, and grandson of Robert Holden, of the village of that name near Whalley, Lancashire. Having...

Pope, Sir Thomas (c. 1507–1559), founder of Trinity College, Oxford

Clare Hopkins.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 1738 words.

Pope, Sir Thomas (c. 1507–1559), founder of Trinity College, Oxford, was the elder son of William Pope, a yeoman of Deddington, Oxfordshire, and of his second wife, Margaret, daughter of...

Lupton, Roger (1456–1540), college head and founder of Sedbergh School

Stephen Wright.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 1491 words.

Lupton, Roger (1456–1540), college head and founder of Sedbergh School, was born in July 1456 in the parish of Sedbergh, Yorkshire, possibly the son of Thomas Lupton. He was at King's...

Neill, Alexander Sutherland (1883–1973), founder of Summerhill School

H. G. Judge.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 1796 words.

Neill, Alexander Sutherland (1883–1973), founder of Summerhill School, was born in Forfar in Scotland on 17 October 1883, the fourth son and fourth of the thirteen children (one of them...

Mansbridge, Albert (1876–1952), founder of the Workers' Educational Association

Bernard Jennings.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 3382 words.

Mansbridge, Albert (1876–1952), founder of the Workers' Educational Association, was born in Albert Cottages, India House Lane, Gloucester, on 10 January 1876, the youngest of the four sons...

Price, Hugh (c. 1495–1574), founder of Jesus College, Oxford

David Walker.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 437 words.

Price, Hugh (c. 1495–1574), founder of Jesus College, Oxford, was the son of a Brecon butcher, Rhys ap Rhys. He may have been educated in Brecon, or perhaps at Osney Abbey, and later...

Hughes, David (1561?–1610), founder of Beaumaris Free Grammar School, Anglesey

D. Ben Rees.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 740 words.

Hughes, David (1561?–1610), founder of Beaumaris Free Grammar School, Anglesey, was born in a cottage on the land of Glan-y-gors farm in the parish of Llantrisant near Llannerch-y-medd in...

White, Sir Thomas (1495?–1567), founder of St John's College, Oxford

Alexandra Shepard.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 1748 words.

White, Sir Thomas (1495?–1567), founder of St John's College, Oxford, was in all likelihood born in 1495 to William White (d. 1523), a clothier of Rickmansworth, Hertfordshire, and his...

Wodelarke, Robert (d. 1481?), founder of St Catharine's College, Cambridge

J. H. Baker.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 1004 words.

Wodelarke, Robert (d. 1481?), founder of St Catharine's College, Cambridge, was the son of Richard and Joan Wodelarke of Wakerley, a village in Northamptonshire not far from Uppingham. He...

Woodard, Nathaniel (1811–1891), founder of the Woodard schools

Janet Pennington.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 2839 words.

Woodard, Nathaniel (1811–1891), founder of the Woodard schools, was born on 21 March 1811, the ninth of twelve children of John Woodard (1769–1840), a gentleman farmer of Basildon Hall,...

Mudie, Charles Edward (1818–1890), founder of a circulating library

David Finkelstein.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Education; Museums, Libraries, and Information Sciences. 1149 words.

Mudie, Charles Edward (1818–1890), founder of a circulating library, was born on 18 October 1818 at Cheyne Walk, Chelsea, London, the youngest son of Thomas Mudie, a Scottish newspaper...

Fairbridge, Kingsley Ogilvie (1885–1924), founder of farm schools overseas

F. J. Wylie.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Agriculture and Farming. 619 words.

Fairbridge, Kingsley Ogilvie (1885–1924), founder of farm schools overseas, was born on 5 May 1885 at Grahamstown, Cape Colony, the elder son of Rhys Seymour Fairbridge, surveyor to the...

Campbell, Henry James (1813–1889), textile merchant and school founder

Keith Haines.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online September 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Education. 1049 words.

Campbell, Henry James (1813–1889), textile merchant and school founder, was born in Newtownards, co. Down, the youngest of four children of Henry Campbell (c.1778–1814) and his wife,...