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fusion

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

n. the joining together of two structures. For example, the surgical fusion of two or more vertebrae is performed to stabilize an unstable spine. Fusion of the epiphyses during...

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Reciprocal Fusions of Two Genes in the Formaldehyde Detoxification Pathway in Ciliates and Diatoms

Nicholas A. Stover, André R. O. Cavalcanti, Anya J. Li, Brian C. Richardson and Laura F. Landweber.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

July 2005; p ublished online April 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 2113 words.

During the course of a pilot genome project for the ciliate Oxytricha trifallax, we discovered a fusion gene never before described in any taxa. This gene, FSF1, encodes a putative fusion...

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Evolution of Prokaryotic Two-Component System Signaling Pathways: Gene Fusions and Fissions

Peter J. A. Cock and David E. Whitworth.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

November 2007; p ublished online August 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 1675 words.

Two-component systems (TCSs) are common signal transduction systems, typically comprising paired histidine protein kinase (HK) and response regulator (RR) proteins. In many examples, it...

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Rate and Polarity of Gene Fusion and Fission in Oryza sativa and Arabidopsis thaliana

Yoji Nakamura, Takeshi Itoh and William Martin.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

January 2007; p ublished online October 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 6041 words.

Eukaryotic gene fusion and fission events are mechanistically more complicated than in prokaryotes, and their quantitative contributions to genome evolution are still poorly understood. We...

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Repeated Evolution of Chimeric Fusion Genes in the β-Globin Gene Family of Laurasiatherian Mammals

Michael J. Gaudry, Jay F. Storz, Gary Tyler Butts, Kevin L. Campbell and Federico G. Hoffmann.

in Genome Biology and Evolution

P ublished online May 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Evolutionary Biology; Genetics and Genomics. 7739 words.

The evolutionary fate of chimeric fusion genes may be strongly influenced by their recombinational mode of origin and the nature of functional divergence between the parental genes. In the...

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Fusion within and between whorls of floral organs in Galipeinae (Rutaceae): structural features and evolutionary implications

Juliana Hanna Leite El Ottra, José Rubens Pirani and Peter K. Endress.

in Annals of Botany

May 2013; p ublished online March 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Plant Sciences and Forestry. 7307 words.

Background and Aims

Most genera of the neotropical Galipeinae (tribe Galipeeae, Rutoideae) exhibit several forms and degrees of fusion between the floral...

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Roosting behavior and group decision making in 2 syntopic bat species with fission–fusion societies

Daniela Fleischmann and Gerald Kerth.

in Behavioral Ecology

January 2014; p ublished online July 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 7282 words.

In many social species, individuals make group decisions to coordinate their actions. Despite the importance of group decisions for successful group living, few studies investigated how...

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Group fusion: the impact of winner, loser, and bystander effects on hierarchy formation in large groups

Lee Alan Dugatkin and Ryan L. Earley.

in Behavioral Ecology

May 2003; p ublished online May 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 5597 words.

We present the results of a series of computer simulations that examined the impact of winner, loser, and bystander effects on hierarchy formation in fused groups. These effects and their...

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Chromosome Number Reduction in Eremothecium coryli by Two Telomere-to-Telomere Fusions

Jürgen Wendland and Andrea Walther.

in Genome Biology and Evolution

P ublished online May 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Evolutionary Biology; Genetics and Genomics. 6075 words.

The genus Eremothecium belongs to the Saccharomyces complex of pre-whole-genome duplication (WGD) yeasts and contains both dimorphic and filamentous species. We established the 9.1-Mb draft...

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Origin and Ascendancy of a Chimeric Fusion Gene: The β/δ-Globin Gene of Paenungulate Mammals

Juan C. Opazo, Angela M. Sloan, Kevin L. Campbell and Jay F. Storz.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

July 2009; p ublished online March 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 6152 words.

The δ-globin gene (HBD) of eutherian mammals exhibits a propensity for recombinational exchange with the closely linked β-globin gene (HBB) and has been independently converted by the HBB...

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Lateral Gene Transfer of a Multigene Region from Cyanobacteria to Dinoflagellates Resulting in a Novel Plastid-Targeted Fusion Protein

Ross F. Waller, Claudio H. Slamovits and Patrick J. Keeling.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

July 2006; p ublished online May 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 4813 words.

The number of cases of lateral or horizontal gene transfer in eukaryotic genomes is growing steadily, but in most cases, neither the donor nor the recipient is known, and the biological...

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Complex Rearrangements Lead to Novel Chimeric Gene Fusion Polymorphisms at the Arabidopsis thaliana MAF2-5 Flowering Time Gene Cluster

Ana L. Caicedo, Christina Richards, Ian M. Ehrenreich and Michael D. Purugganan.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

March 2009; p ublished online January 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 8734 words.

Tandem gene clusters of multigene families are rearrangement hotspots and may be a major source of novel gene formation. Here, we report on a molecular population genetic analysis of the MA...

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Synorganisation without organ fusion in the flowers of Geranium robertianum (Geraniaceae) and its not so trivial obdiplostemony

Peter K. Endress.

in Annals of Botany

November 2010; p ublished online August 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Plant Sciences and Forestry. 6038 words.

Background and Aims

Synorganisation of floral organs, an important means in angiosperm flower evolution, is mostly realized by congenital or post-genital...

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Compartment-Specific Isoforms of TPI and GAPDH are Imported into Diatom Mitochondria as a Fusion Protein: Evidence in Favor of a Mitochondrial Origin of the Eukaryotic Glycolytic Pathway

Marie-Françoise Liaud, Christiane Lichtl, Kirk Apt, William Martin and Rüdiger Cerff.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

February 2000; p ublished online February 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 8042 words.

Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) and triosephosphate isomerase (TPI) are essential to glycolysis, the major route of carbohydrate breakdown in eukaryotes. In animals and...

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Fusion of a superfamily 1 helicase and an inactivated DNA polymerase is a signature of common evolutionary history of Polintons, polinton-like viruses, Tlr1 transposons and transpovirons

Mart Krupovic, Natalya Yutin and Eugene V. Koonin.

in Virus Evolution

P ublished online June 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology; Epidemiology; Evolutionary Biology; Genetics and Genomics; Microbiology. 5830 words.

Polintons (polintoviruses), polinton-like viruses (PLVs) and virophages belong to a recently described major class of eukaryotic viruses that is characterized by a distinct virion...

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Behavioral ecology: 40 years of fusion with ecology

David F. Westneat.

in Behavioral Ecology

January 2011; p ublished online January 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 1011 words.

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The fusion of behavioral ecology and ecology

Deborah M. Gordon.

in Behavioral Ecology

January 2011; p ublished online January 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Ecology and Conservation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 6056 words.

Behavioral ecology and ecology have projects in common. Community ecology can provide behavioral ecology with the tools to ask realistic questions about the current action of natural...

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Reciprocal Fusions of Two Genes in the Formaldehyde Detoxification Pathway in Ciliates and Diatoms

Nicholas A. Stover, André R. O. Cavalcanti, Anya J. Li, Brian C. Richardson and Laura F. Landweber.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

August 2005; p ublished online August 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 36 words.

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Plant Expansins in Bacteria and Fungi: Evolution by Horizontal Gene Transfer and Independent Domain Fusion

Nikolas Nikolaidis, Nicole Doran and Daniel J. Cosgrove.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

February 2014; p ublished online October 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 6408 words.

Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) has been described as a common mechanism of transferring genetic material between prokaryotes, whereas genetic transfers from eukaryotes to prokaryotes have...

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Spoils of war and peace: enemy adoption and queen-right colony fusion follow costly intraspecific conflict in acacia ants

Kathleen P. Rudolph and Jay P. McEntee.

in Behavioral Ecology

January 2016; p ublished online December 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Evolutionary Biology; Zoology and Animal Sciences; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 8628 words.

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Evolutionary Origin and Diversification of Epidermal Barrier Proteins in Amniotes

Bettina Strasser, Veronika Mlitz, Marcela Hermann, Robert H. Rice, Richard A. Eigenheer, Lorenzo Alibardi, Erwin Tschachler and Leopold Eckhart.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

December 2014; p ublished online August 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 6741 words.

The evolution of amniotes has involved major molecular innovations in the epidermis. In particular, distinct structural proteins that undergo covalent cross-linking during cornification of...

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