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fusion

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

n. the joining together of two structures. For example, the surgical fusion of two or more vertebrae is performed to stabilize an unstable spine. Fusion of the epiphyses during...

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The Idea of Hellenic Harmony

Nicholas White.

in Individual and Conflict in Greek Ethics

June 2002; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: Ancient Philosophy. 22240 words.

The historiography of Greek ethics has, since the days of Winckelmann, Schiller, and Hegel, been shaped by an effort to use it in modern debates. Kantians believed that the Greeks ignored...

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Local Reality and Interpretation

Nicholas Jardine.

in The Scenes of Inquiry

September 2000; p ublished online October 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Western Philosophy. 8296 words.

This chapter begins with an account of the reality of questions in a community of inquirers. It evaluates this account on the basis of presupposition, relevance, communal acknowledgement,...

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Cicero's Politics in De officiis

A. A. Long.

in From Epicurus to Epictetus

September 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Chapter. Subjects: Ancient Philosophy. 12994 words.

TheDe officiis(henceforthOff.) is one of the ‘great books’, but no one today perhaps can read it with fresh eyes. Less obvious aboutOff. is the work's radical nature in its effort to reform...

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National Character via the Beautiful and Sublime?*

Robert B. Louden.

in Kant’s Human Being

August 2011; p ublished online May 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Western Philosophy. 7152 words.

This chapter discusses Kant’s take on the issue of maintaining individual peculiarities within the larger context of globalization, done through his work, Observations on the Feeling of the...

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Lecture Four

Simon Critchley.

in The Problem with Levinas

July 2015; p ublished online November 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Western Philosophy. 16621 words.

In Lecture Four the theme of sexual difference returns as the author’s own speculative solution to the problem set by Levinas’ work is laid out. Beginning with a discussion of Levinas’...

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The Problem with Levinas

Simon Critchley.

Edited by Alexis Dianda.

July 2015; p ublished online November 2015 .

Book. Subjects: History of Western Philosophy. 176 pages.

This book advances a new and critical reading of the thought of Emmanuel Levinas. Propelled by five basic questions that address the method, form, and shape of the central problem of...

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The Sense Experience of Primary Qualities

Thomas C. Vinci.

in Cartesian Truth

June 1998; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Western Philosophy. 14362 words.

It seems undeniable that we have both sense experience of primary qualities and sense experience of secondary qualities, and yet, based on a text in the Sixth Replies among others, many...

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Hegel’s Conception of Tragedy

Robert R. Williams.

in Tragedy, Recognition, and the Death of God

September 2012; p ublished online January 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Western Philosophy. 12388 words.

This chapter examines Hegel’s concept of tragedy from his Early Theological Writings, through the Phenomenology of Spirit to his Lectures on Aesthetics. Through the action of the tragic...

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Much Ado about Something-from-Nothing; or, Problems for Ontological Minimalism

Simon Evnine.

in Ontology after Carnap

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Metaphysics; History of Western Philosophy. 10523 words.

Ontological minimalism (or easy ontology) combines realism about first-order existence questions with a deflationary understanding of such existence claims: the concepts of the entities at...

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Epic and Romance

Dennis Looney.

in Renaissance and Reformation

P ublished online June 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy. 5051 words.

Epic and romance are distinct literary genres that poets combine in some of the most effective narrative poems of the early modern period, such as Ariosto’s Orlando Furioso and Spenser’s...

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Norman (and Anglo-Norman) Manuscript Illumination

Laura Cleaver.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online April 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 4865 words.

The phrase “Norman manuscript illumination” is used to describe the styles of decoration found in manuscripts associated with Normandy and England in the 11th and 12th centuries,...

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Pictish Art

Jane Geddes.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online May 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 14453 words.

Pictish art was created by people living predominantly in north and eastern Scotland between about the 4th and 10th centuries. People in the same locality had created a distinct artistic...

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