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measure of agreement

Overview page. Subjects: Probability and Statistics.

A single statistic used to summarize the agreement between the rankings or classifications of objects made by two or more observers. Examples are the coefficient of concordance, Cohen's...

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Trade-Related Investment Measures (TRIMs)

Petros C. Mavroidis.

in The Regulation of International Trade

May 2016; p ublished online January 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Economy. 9079 words.

This chapter discusses the requirement that all WTO members notify the WTO of trade-related investment measures such as industrial policy measures that aim to promote investment in domestic...

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The Regulation of International Trade

Petros C. Mavroidis.

May 2016; p ublished online January 2017 .

Book. Subjects: Political Economy. 888 pages.

The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) has extended its institutional arsenal since the Kennedy round in the early 1960s. The current institutional design is the outcome of the...

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Agreement on Agriculture

Petros C. Mavroidis.

in The Regulation of International Trade

May 2016; p ublished online January 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Economy. 33531 words.

This chapter focuses on the Agreement on Agriculture, one of the two sector-specific agreements that remained outside the GATT which was reintroduced following the successful conclusion of...

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Subsidies

Petros C. Mavroidis.

in The Regulation of International Trade

May 2016; p ublished online January 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Economy. 62696 words.

The historical development of the subsidies and countervailing duties is traced as one of the three contingent protection instruments of the WTO. The chapter discusses the two types of...

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Crossvalidating the Regional Authority Index

Liesbet Hooghe, Gary Marks, Arjan H. Schakel, Sara Niedzwiecki, Sandra Chapman Osterkatz and Sarah Shair-Rosenfield.

in Measuring Regional Authority

January 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Economy. 7467 words.

Chapter Two assesses the validity of the regional authority index by comparing it to prior institutional and fiscal measures. Overall agreement between the regional authority index and...

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The Puzzle

William Phelan.

in In Place of Inter-State Retaliation

December 2014; p ublished online March 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political Economy. 8562 words.

This chapter sets out the empirical puzzle that the book will address. It first considers scholarly debates on the EU as a sui generis institution. It then builds on debates in...

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Trade and Culture

Kerry A. Chase.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

P ublished online March 2019 .

Article. Subjects: International Relations; Political Economy. 10339 words.

Government policies to protect and promote national culture are a perennial issue in the trading system. Controversy over trade and culture, in almost every instance, swirls around...

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Regulatory Measures

Robert Howse.

in The Oxford Handbook on The World Trade Organization

May 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; International Relations; Political Economy. 9510 words.

This article explores regulatory measures in the World Trade Organization (WTO), showing how it is extremely difficult to distinguish between measures that are a legitimate exercise of...

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Defining the Borders of the WTO Agenda

Marion Jansen.

in The Oxford Handbook on The World Trade Organization

May 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; International Relations; Political Economy. 10763 words.

Defining the borders of the World Trade Organization's (WTO) agenda has been an intensely debated issue for several decades. Although the original General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade...

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New Trade Issues In Food, Agriculture, And Natural Resources

Tim Josling.

in The Oxford Handbook on The World Trade Organization

May 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; International Relations; Political Economy. 9103 words.

This article deals with one of the emerging challenges for the World Trade Organization (WTO) and examines the nexus between food, agriculture, and natural resources. It identifies in food...

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Trade Liberalization And Domestic Politics

Judith Goldstein.

in The Oxford Handbook on The World Trade Organization

May 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; International Relations; Political Economy. 9314 words.

Even though the economics community argues that governments which abstain from using border measures to influence trade flows will be rewarded with rising national incomes, policymakers...

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Trade And The Environment

Meera Fickling and Gary Hufbauer.

in The Oxford Handbook on The World Trade Organization

May 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; International Relations; Political Economy. 9361 words.

The relation between international trade and environmental protection has engaged policymakers for decades. Claims that open international trade would worsen environmental conditions...

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Flexibilities, Rules, And Trade Remedies In The Gatt/WTO System

J. Michael Finger.

in The Oxford Handbook on The World Trade Organization

May 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; International Relations; Political Economy. 9699 words.

This article analyses the flexibilities, rules, and trade remedies that form a part of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and the World Trade Organization. Provisions such as...

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Building Programme Evaluation into the Design of Public Research‐Support Programmes

Adam B. Jaffe.

in Oxford Review of Economic Policy

March 2002; p ublished online March 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economic Development and Growth; Public Economics; Political Economy; Public Policy. 0 words.

There is wide agreement that the high social rate of return to research and innovation justifies government support for research. There is, however, only limited evidence on the...

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