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mood

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology — Medicine and Health.

Syn: affect (n). The subjective feelings or emotional state of an individual, e.g., happy or sad. An individual's mood can profoundly influence sensory perception, intellectual function,...

See overview in Oxford Index

Mood

Josep Quer.

in The Oxford Guide to the Romance Languages

June 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics. 5951 words.

The main goal of this chapter is to provide a descriptive and critical overview of the some of the most striking and interesting problems and questions related to mood in Romance, cover...

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The History of Modality and Mood

Johan Van Der Auwera and Alfonso Zamorano Aguilar.

in The Oxford Handbook of Modality and Mood

July 2016; p ublished online July 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Historical and Diachronic Linguistics; Semantics. 8936 words.

This chapter traces the current understanding of mood (or mode) and modality back in time, in the Western tradition, giving pride of place to F. R. Palmer, G. H. von Wright, I. Kant,...

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The semantic values of the Latin tenses and moods

Harm Pinkster.

in The Oxford Latin Syntax

August 2015; p ublished online December 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Grammar, Syntax and Morphology; Historical and Diachronic Linguistics. 93606 words.

This chapter starts with a theoretical introduction to the notions of tense, aspect, and mood. It is assumed that the Latin verbal system is essentially a temporal system based on a...

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Negation, mood, and (non)veridicality in Classical Greek (fifth to fourth centuries BC)

Katerina Chatzopoulou.

in Negation and Nonveridicality in the History of Greek

November 2018; p ublished online December 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology. 10690 words.

This chapter provides a mapping of the functions of the Attic Greek NEG1 οὐ‎(κ‎) /u:(k)/ and NEG2 μή‎ /mε‎:/particles and a unified explanation of their distribution regulated by the notion...

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Call markers in French, Italian, and Romanian

Maria Iliescu.

in Discourse and Pragmatic Markers from Latin to the Romance Languages

July 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Semantics; Historical and Diachronic Linguistics. 4685 words.

This chapter analyses call markers derived from verbs of visual and auditory perception in Romanian, French, and Italian. These verbs, especially in the imperative mood, are frequently used...

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Verbs

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald.

in The Art of Grammar

November 2014; p ublished online January 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology. 11198 words.

In many languages, the verb is the only obligatory element in the clause. Verbs tend to have more inflectional complexity than nouns. Their syntactic function is to head the clausal...

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The dialects of central Italy

Michele Loporcaro and Tania Paciaroni.

in The Oxford Guide to the Romance Languages

June 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics. 11842 words.

After a brief outline of the principal episodes in the external history, the chapter surveys the principal aspects of phonology, morphology and syntax of the dialects of central Italy....

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Grammar

Urszula Clark and Esther Asprey.

in West Midlands English

August 2013; p ublished online May 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics. 16558 words.

This chapter discusses the grammar of Birmingham and the Black Country. Topics covered include numerals and determiners; nouns; pronouns; adjectives and adverbs; prepositions; conjunctions;...

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The History of English DO

D. Gary Miller.

in Language Change and Linguistic Theory, Volume II

August 2010; p ublished online January 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics. 13493 words.

Do underwent four main structural reanalyses. The first (merger in v) took do from a causative verb to a factual/evidential auxiliary. There was also a semantically empty...

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Negation in the history of the Mordvin languages

Arja Hamari.

in The History of Negation in the Languages of Europe and the Mediterranean

July 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics. 13392 words.

Negation in Mordvin languages (Erzya and Moksha), as in the Uralic languages more generally, is expressed via negative auxiliaries and has therefore undergone patterns of change radically...

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Friulian

Paola Benincà and Laura Vanelli.

in The Oxford Guide to the Romance Languages

June 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics. 10310 words.

After a brief outline of the principal episodes in the external history, the chapter surveys the principal aspects of phonology, morphology and syntax of central-eastern, northern, and...

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Inflectional morphology

Martin Maiden.

in The Oxford Guide to the Romance Languages

June 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics. 9767 words.

This chapter provides a comparative overview of Romance inflectional morphology of the nominal and verbal domains. It covers the distinction between roots, stems and inflectional endings;...

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Creoles

Annegret Bollée and Philippe Maurer.

in The Oxford Guide to the Romance Languages

June 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics. 12623 words.

After a brief outline of the principal episodes in the external histories of Romance creoles, the chapter surveys the principal aspects of phonology, morphology and syntax of...

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Italian, Tuscan, and Corsican

Adam Ledgeway.

in The Oxford Guide to the Romance Languages

June 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics. 15774 words.

After a brief outline of the principal episodes in the external history, the chapter surveys the principal aspects of phonology, morphology and syntax of Italian, the dialects of Tuscany,...

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Proto-Indo-European

Don Ringe.

in A History of English

August 2006; p ublished online September 2007 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics. 23308 words.

This chapter is a grammatical sketch of Proto-Indo-European. It describes the phonology of the language, including the system of surface contrasts; peculiarities of subsystems and...

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Complex Verb Forms from Fused Auxiliary Verb Constructions

Gregory D. S. Anderson.

in Auxiliary Verb Constructions

June 2006; p ublished online September 2007 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics. 13467 words.

This chapter examines and exemplifies various kinds of fusing of original bi-partite auxiliary verb constructions into complex verb forms. It addresses the historical (phonological)...

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Proto-Indo-European

Don Ringe.

in From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic

July 2017; p ublished online August 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics. 32463 words.

This chapter is a grammatical sketch of Proto-Indo-European. It describes the phonology of the language, including the system of surface contrasts; peculiarities of subsystems and...

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The Development of Creole Categories

D. Gary Miller.

in Language Change and Linguistic Theory, Volume II

August 2010; p ublished online January 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics. 11159 words.

Creoles emerge via relexification of one or more substrate languages, with grammatical categories from substrates, superstrates, and internal changes. Creoles exhibit a striking typological...

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The verbal system

D. Gary Miller.

in The Oxford Gothic Grammar

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics. 22947 words.

Verbs in Gothic are thematic, athematic, or preterite present. Several classes, including modals, are discussed. Strong verbs have seven classes, weak verbs four. Inflectional categories...

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Spanish, Astur-Leonese, Navarro-Aragonese, Judaeo-Spanish

Donald N. Tuten, Enrique Pato and Ora R. Schwarzwald.

in The Oxford Guide to the Romance Languages

June 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics. 20856 words.

After a brief outline of the principal episodes in the external history, the chapter surveys the principal aspects of phonology, morphology and syntax of Spanish (including Latin American...

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