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online

Overview page. Subjects: Computing.

When a computer or a user is directly connected into a network and is capable of interacting with it, for example by querying the contents of a database.

See overview in Oxford Index

Lexical Storage versus Online Construction

Ray Jackendoff.

in Foundations of Language

January 2002; p ublished online September 2007 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psycholinguistics. 18756 words.

Traditional generative grammar makes two related assumptions: first, that lexical items — the stored elements that are combined into larger expressions — enter the combinatorial system by...

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Competing Motivations in Grammar and Usage

Edited by Brian MacWhinney, Andrej Malchukov and Edith Moravcsik.

October 2014; p ublished online January 2015 .

Book. Subjects: Semantics; Psycholinguistics. 472 pages.

This book examines the issue of competing motivations in grammar and language use. The term “competing motivations” refers to the conflicting factors that shape the content and form of...

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Pronouncing and comprehending center-embedded sentences

Janet Dean Fodor.

in Language Down the Garden Path

August 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psycholinguistics. 9807 words.

Bever (1970) proposed an explanation of the extreme processing difficulty of doubly center-embedded relative clause constructions based on a general cognitive “double-function” constraint....

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Lying in Social Psychology

Bella M. DePaulo.

in The Oxford Handbook of Lying

November 2018; p ublished online December 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Psycholinguistics. 4835 words.

The social psychology of lying addresses some of the most fundamental questions about deception: How often do people lie? Why do they lie? To whom to they tell their lies? Do particular...

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Conceptions of Copyright

Stefan Larsson.

in Conceptions in the Code

February 2017; p ublished online January 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psycholinguistics. 5236 words.

This chapter addresses the specific legal field of copyright and the challenges of ‘piracy’ or online file-sharing by studying what type of metaphors file-sharers employ to conceptualise...

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Implications for Processing

Ray Jackendoff.

in Foundations of Language

January 2002; p ublished online September 2007 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psycholinguistics. 15636 words.

This chapter goes further toward a rapprochement of theoretical linguistics and psycholinguistics. It concerns itself with the job of the language processor: how stored pieces are used...

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Inviting production to the Cognitive Basis party

Maryellen C. MacDonald.

in Language Down the Garden Path

August 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psycholinguistics. 3761 words.

In CBLS, Bever laid the foundation for consideration of how lexical and syntactic information converge to shape sentence comprehension processes. This chapter aims to extend that approach...

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The processing complexity of English relative clauses

Edward Gibson, Harry Tily and Evelina Fedorenko.

in Language Down the Garden Path

August 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psycholinguistics. 9747 words.

This paper reports two self-paced reading experiments investigating syntactically complex English structures. Evidence from both experiments provides support for working-memory-based...

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Children’s Use of Context in Ambiguity Resolution

Luisa Meroni and Stephen Crain.

in The Processing and Acquisition of Reference

March 2011; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psycholinguistics. 7920 words.

This chapter examines children’s use of the referential context in resolving temporary syntactic ambiguities, focusing on the results of an eye-tracking study undertaken by John Trueswell...

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Investigating the Interpretation of Pronouns and Demonstratives in Finnish

Elsi Kaiser and John C. Trueswell.

in The Processing and Acquisition of Reference

March 2011; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psycholinguistics. 13054 words.

This chapter examines antecedent accessibility and salience in reference by focusing on the interpretation of pronouns and demonstratives in Finnish. It compares two third-person anaphoric...

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The Representation and Processing of Compound Words

Edited by Gary Libben and Gonia Jarema.

September 2007; p ublished online January 2010 .

Book. Subjects: Psycholinguistics. 272 pages.

This book presents new work on the psycholinguistics and neurolinguistics of compound words. It shows the insights this work offers on natural language processing and the relation between...

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Introduction

Edward Gibson and Neal J. Pearlmutter.

in The Processing and Acquisition of Reference

March 2011; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psycholinguistics. 4643 words.

This book, a collection of work presented in a special session at the Sixteenth Annual CUNY Conference on Human Sentence Processing held in 2003, focuses on language processing and language...

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How many words should there be?

R. M. W. Dixon.

in Are Some Languages Better than Others?

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psycholinguistics; Linguistics. 5342 words.

It is good for a language to be specific. For example to distinguish (as Hungarian does) between the two kinds of ‘queen’—she who is a ruler in her own right, and she who is the wife of a...

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Evidence for the Use of Verb Telicity in Sentence Comprehension*

Erin O’Bryan, Raffaella Folli, Heidi Harley and Thomas G. Bever.

in Syntax and its Limits

December 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Grammar, Syntax and Morphology; Psycholinguistics. 9571 words.

This chapter presents evidence that verb telicity has immediate effects on the comprehension of structurally ambiguous sentences. It investigates the effect of telicity on the processing of...

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Processing Efficiency and Complexity in Typological Patterns

John A. Hawkins.

in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Typology

November 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Linguistic Typology; Psycholinguistics. 7997 words.

This article provides a research programme in which typological patterns are ultimately explained in terms of language processing and use. It presents three general organizing principles...

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Linguistics

Edited by Mark Aronoff.

P ublished online October 2011 .

Research Guide. Subjects: Linguistics; Anthropological Linguistics; Language Families; Psycholinguistics; Sociolinguistics.

Made up of a rapidly expanding range of articles written by distinguished international scholars, this dynamic, continuously updated online resource offers exclusive authoritative research...

Aphasia

Susan Edwards and Christos Salis.

in Linguistics

P ublished online October 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Anthropological Linguistics; Language Families; Psycholinguistics; Sociolinguistics. 10977 words.

Aphasia is a language disorder acquired subsequent to brain damage that affects production and understanding of spoken and written language in varying degrees and patterns associated with...

Aphasia

Susan Edwards and Christos Salis.

in Linguistics

P ublished online October 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Anthropological Linguistics; Language Families; Psycholinguistics; Sociolinguistics. 10977 words.

Aphasia is a language disorder acquired subsequent to brain damage that affects production and understanding of spoken and written language in varying degrees and patterns associated with...

Ferdinand de Saussure

John E. Joseph.

in Linguistics

P ublished online October 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Anthropological Linguistics; Language Families; Psycholinguistics; Sociolinguistics. 5977 words.

Ferdinand de Saussure (b. 1857–d. 1913) is acknowledged as the founder of modern linguistics and semiology, and as having laid the groundwork for structuralism and post-structuralism. Born...

Tucanoan Languages

Kristine Stenzel.

in Linguistics

P ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Anthropological Linguistics; Language Families; Psycholinguistics; Sociolinguistics. 9607 words.

Tucanoan languages are spoken in northwestern Amazonia, in regions of Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru, the family being composed of two main branches. Orejón (earlier known as Coto and...