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online

Overview page. Subjects: Computing.

When a computer or a user is directly connected into a network and is capable of interacting with it, for example by querying the contents of a database.

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Online dictionary use: Key findings from an empirical research project

Carolin Müller-Spitzer, Alexander Koplenig and Antje Töpel.

in Electronic Lexicography

November 2012; p ublished online January 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Lexicography; Semantics. 10617 words.

This chapter summarizes some key findings of a research project on the use of online dictionaries, using established methods of empirical social research. The aim of this project is to...

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The Processing Domain of Scope Interaction

Oliver Bott and Fabian Schlotterbeck.

in Journal of Semantics

February 2015; p ublished online November 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Semantics. 17993 words.

The present study investigates whether quantifier scope is computed incrementally during online sentence processing. We exploited the free word order in German to manipulate whether the...

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Competing Motivations in Grammar and Usage

Edited by Brian MacWhinney, Andrej Malchukov and Edith Moravcsik.

October 2014; p ublished online January 2015 .

Book. Subjects: Semantics; Psycholinguistics. 472 pages.

This book examines the issue of competing motivations in grammar and language use. The term “competing motivations” refers to the conflicting factors that shape the content and form of...

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Alternative e-dictionaries: Uncovering dark practices

Hilary Nesi.

in Electronic Lexicography

November 2012; p ublished online January 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Lexicography; Semantics. 5482 words.

This chapter explores some popular types of e-dictionary that have been largely ignored in the academic literature, called, for the purposes of this chapter, ‘Alternative e-dictionaries’...

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Speech or conduct?

Christopher Hutton.

in The Oxford Handbook of Taboo Words and Language

November 2018; p ublished online December 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Semantics. 10228 words.

This chapter offers an analysis of the key forms of linguistic censorship found within common law jurisdictions and examines their legal rationale in terms of the distinction between speech...

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The Role of Context in the Resolution of Quantifier Scope Ambiguities

Elisabeth Villalta.

in Journal of Semantics

May 2003; p ublished online May 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Semantics. 0 words.

This paper presents experimental results that elucidate some aspects of semantic processing, i.e. of the system that allows perceivers to associate an interpretation to a sentence on‐line....

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At the Syntax-Pragmatics Interface

Lutz Marten.

October 2002; p ublished online January 2010 .

Book. Subjects: Semantics. 238 pages.

This book develops a new analysis of the interpretation of verb phrases and VP adjunction by arguing that the lexical subcategorization information of verbs is systematically underspecified...

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False but Slow: Evaluating Statements with Non-referring Definites

Florian Schwarz.

in Journal of Semantics

February 2016; p ublished online January 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Semantics. 14494 words.

One central debate in the analysis of definite descriptions concerns the truth-value of sentences where there is no entity that meets the description in the definite. Classical Russellian...

Sensitivity to NP-Type: Processing Subject–Object Ambiguities in Dutch

EDITH KAAN.

in Journal of Semantics

November 1998; p ublished online November 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Semantics. 0 words.

According to some theories of sentence processing, the human language processor relies mainly on syntax-based strategies when dealing with structural ambiguities. In this paper I show that...

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Processing Presupposed Content

Florian Schwarz.

in Journal of Semantics

December 2007; p ublished online September 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Semantics. 14137 words.

This paper presents three experimental studies investigating the processing of presupposed content. The first two experiments employ the German additive particle auch ‘too’, and the third...

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Corrections to ‘Standard Contextualism Strikes Back’

Igor Yanovich.

in Journal of Semantics

May 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Semantics. 1470 words.

In this note, I make three corrections to my article Standard Contextualism Strikes Back, JoS, published online in January 2013, doi:10.1093/jos/ffs022. First, I acknowledge a very similar...

Lexicalization in Generative Morphology and Conceptual Structure

Clarie Thomas.

in The Semantics of Word Formation and Lexicalization

December 2013; p ublished online May 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Semantics. 7345 words.

The term lexicalization has been used for a number of different processes that are related to each other in various ways. In generative morphology, two senses of lexicalization are used. In...

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Distributivity

Kristen Syrett.

in The Oxford Handbook of Experimental Semantics and Pragmatics

March 2019; p ublished online May 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Semantics; Pragmatics. 5892 words.

This chapter introduces the related topics of distributivity, collectivity, and cumulativity. Evidence is reviewed for the availability of multiple readings of ambiguous sentences that...

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Antecedent-Contained Deletion

Kristen Syrett.

in The Oxford Handbook of Experimental Semantics and Pragmatics

March 2019; p ublished online May 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Semantics; Pragmatics. 5764 words.

This chapter introduces the linguistic phenomenon of Antecedent-Contained Deletion (ACD): a type of construction in which a site of Verb Phrase Ellipsis (VPE) is contained in the antecedent...

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Data access revisited: The Interactive Language Toolbox

Serge Verlinde and Geert Peeters.

in Electronic Lexicography

November 2012; p ublished online January 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Lexicography; Semantics. 4804 words.

It is generally accepted that one of the main advantages of electronic dictionaries over paper dictionaries is the speed with which information can be retrieved. In most electronic...

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The LEAD dictionary-cum-writing aid: An integrated dictionary and corpus tool

Magali Paquot.

in Electronic Lexicography

November 2012; p ublished online January 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Lexicography; Semantics. 7656 words.

This chapter presents the Louvain English for Academic Purposes dictionary (LEAD), and focuses on how corpus data is used to customise the LEAD to users’ needs. Large corpora of expert...

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The ARTES bilingual LSP dictionary: From collocation to higher order phraseology

Natalie Kübler and Mojca Pecman.

in Electronic Lexicography

November 2012; p ublished online January 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Lexicography; Semantics. 8166 words.

Because of globalisation, the requirements for bilingual LSP dictionaries have expanded dramatically, requiring more and more information for users. This chapter deals with the theoretical...

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Wiktionary: A new rival for expert-built lexicons? Exploring the possibilities of collaborative lexicography

Christian M. Meyer and Iryna Gurevych.

in Electronic Lexicography

November 2012; p ublished online January 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Lexicography; Semantics. 11665 words.

With the rise of the Web 2.0, collaboratively constructed language resources are rivaling expert-built lexicons. The collaborative construction process of these resources is driven by what...

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Multiple grammars, dominance, and optimization

Joshua Bousquette, Michael T. Putnam, Joseph Salmons, Benjamin Frey and Daniel Nützel.

in Optimality-Theoretic Syntax, Semantics, and Pragmatics

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Grammar, Syntax and Morphology; Semantics. 6398 words.

This chapter examines parasitic gaps in varieties of German spoken by bilingual heritage speakers in Wisconsin, using Optimality Theory (OT) to model variation. Data from interviews with...

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Counterfactuals

Heather Ferguson.

in The Oxford Handbook of Experimental Semantics and Pragmatics

March 2019; p ublished online May 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Semantics; Pragmatics. 8690 words.

This chapter explores counterfactual language understanding (e.g. If money grew on trees…), which requires false information to be accepted as temporarily true (and vice versa). First,...

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