Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 1-20 of 154 items for:

online x Forms of Crime x clear all

online

Overview page. Subjects: Computing.

When a computer or a user is directly connected into a network and is capable of interacting with it, for example by querying the contents of a database.

See overview in Oxford Index

Online Fraud

Cassandra Cross.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online January 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Policing; Criminology; Forms of Crime. 12777 words.

Each year, millions of individuals worldwide find themselves victims of online fraud. Whether it is responding to a fraudulent email with bank account details or being defrauded through a...

Go to »  abstract

The Threat of Exploitation in the Adult Sex Market: A Pilot Study of Online Sex Worker Advertisements

Michael Skidmore, Sarah Garner, Callyane Desroches and Nikhita Saggu.

in Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice

June 2018; p ublished online March 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Policing; Criminology; Forms of Crime. 4095 words.

Abstract

Trafficking and exploitation are central elements of the serious and organized crime threat for local police forces to deal with, but remain largely...

CyberCrime

Kim-Kwang Raymond Choo and Peter Grabosky.

in The Oxford Handbook of Organized Crime

October 2014; p ublished online August 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Organised Crime. 7375 words.

This essay considers how information and communications technologies (ICT) are used by organized crime groups. Three categories of groups are identified: traditional organized criminal...

Go to »  abstract

Illegal Gambling

Toine Spapens.

in The Oxford Handbook of Organized Crime

October 2014; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Organised Crime. 7867 words.

Ever since authorities decided to restrict gambling, criminals have offered the opportunity to play illegally. Since the end of the nineteenth century, illegal gambling also became one of...

Go to »  abstract

Gangs and Social Media

David C. Pyrooz and Richard K. Moule, Jr..

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online April 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Forms of Crime; Theories of Crime. 11849 words.

It was once presumed that costs of Internet adoption were too great for gang members to absorb. They lacked the financial resources to access the Internet or the technological know-how to...

Go to »  abstract

The Utility of Fusion Centres to Enhance Intelligence-Led Policing: An Exploration of End-Users

Carla Lewandowski, Jeremy G Carter and Walter L Campbell.

in Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice

June 2018; p ublished online February 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Policing; Criminology; Forms of Crime. 8660 words.

Abstract

A developing literature on intelligence-led policing (ILP) and law enforcement fusion centres contends that intelligence and data-driven policing...

Reentry Processes in the United States

James M. Binnall and Maryanne Alderson.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online April 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Corrections; Criminal Justice; Forms of Crime. 9370 words.

Reentry is the process of ending a period of incarceration, leaving jail or prison, and returning to society. Not to be confused with reintegration or recidivism, reentry is not a measure...

Go to »  abstract

Corporate Responsibility and Accountability for Modern Forms of Slavery

Amol Mehra and Katie Shay.

in Journal of International Criminal Justice

May 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Criminal Law; International Law; International Criminal Law; International Humanitarian Law; Transnational Crime. 6948 words.

Across the globe, workers are at risk of being placed into forced labour, trafficked or enslaved at various points including during recruitment, hiring and employment. By engaging in the...

The International Criminal Court in Côte d’Ivoire

Sophie T. Rosenberg.

in Journal of International Criminal Justice

July 2017; p ublished online August 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Criminal Law; International Law; International Criminal Law; International Humanitarian Law; Transnational Crime. 8684 words.

Abstract

The trial of former Ivorian President Laurent Gbagbo at the International Criminal Court (ICC) has provoked major controversy in Côte d’Ivoire and the...

Refugee Exclusion and Extradition in the Netherlands

Maarten P. Bolhuis, Louis P. Middelkoop and Joris van Wijk.

in Journal of International Criminal Justice

December 2014; p ublished online November 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Criminal Law; International Law; International Criminal Law; International Humanitarian Law; Transnational Crime. 11355 words.

Extradition of individuals excluded under Article 1(F) of the Refugee Convention has recently emerged as an attractive alternative to prosecution on the basis of universal jurisdiction. The...

The Response to Srebrenica from States Not Directly Involved in the Atrocities

Valentina Spiga.

in Journal of International Criminal Justice

September 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Criminal Law; International Law; International Criminal Law; International Humanitarian Law; Transnational Crime. 4618 words.

This article focuses on the response to Srebrenica from ‘other states’, that is, states that were not directly involved in the events of July 1995. Such response, albeit extremely limited,...

The International Criminal Court’s Strategies in Relation to Victims

Gaelle Carayon and Jonathan O’Donohue.

in Journal of International Criminal Justice

July 2017; p ublished online June 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Criminal Law; International Law; International Criminal Law; International Humanitarian Law; Transnational Crime. 11826 words.

Abstract

The International Criminal Court’s (ICC or ‘Court’) 2012 Revised Strategy in relation to victims (‘Revised Strategy’) sets out a generally ambitious...

Javier Chinchón Álvarez, El tratamiento judicial de la Guerra Civil y el franquismo en España. Una visión de conjunto desde el Derecho Internacional [The Judicial Treatment of Civil War and the Francoist Regime in Spain: An Overview from the Perspective of International Law]

Carmen Pérez González.

in Journal of International Criminal Justice

September 2014; p ublished online August 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Criminal Law; International Law; International Criminal Law; International Humanitarian Law; Transnational Crime. 1821 words.

Doing Justice for the Liberian Victims of Mass Atrocity

Olympia Bekou.

in Journal of International Criminal Justice

May 2015; p ublished online March 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Criminal Law; International Law; International Criminal Law; International Humanitarian Law; Transnational Crime. 3958 words.

The article takes the Belgian universal jurisdiction case against Martina Johnson, recently arrested for her alleged involvement in the Liberian civil war, as an example to analyse...

Elizabeth Salmón, El crimen de agresión después de Kampala: soberanía de los Estados y lucha contra la impunidad [The crime of aggression after Kampala: State sovereignty and the fight against impunity]

Michelle Reyes Milk.

in Journal of International Criminal Justice

May 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Criminal Law; International Law; International Criminal Law; International Humanitarian Law; Transnational Crime. 1645 words.

Foreword

Sarah M.H. Nouwen and Wouter G. Werner.

in Journal of International Criminal Justice

March 2015; p ublished online December 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Criminal Law; International Law; International Criminal Law; International Humanitarian Law; Transnational Crime. 1215 words.

Armed Conflicts and Referrals to the International Criminal Court

Philipp Kastner.

in Journal of International Criminal Justice

July 2014; p ublished online June 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Criminal Law; International Law; International Criminal Law; International Humanitarian Law; Transnational Crime. 9436 words.

This article argues that referring situations to the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) with the expectation of generating immediate political effects on ongoing armed...

Local Ownership of Global Governance

Vasuki Nesiah.

in Journal of International Criminal Justice

September 2016; p ublished online October 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Criminal Law; International Law; International Criminal Law; International Humanitarian Law; Transnational Crime. 12777 words.

Arguments for local ownership are often associated with a language and modality for resistance to a global order, and invocations of the local are often seen as a productive route for Third...

Bringing a Dictator to Justice

Reed Brody.

in Journal of International Criminal Justice

May 2015; p ublished online March 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Criminal Law; International Law; International Criminal Law; International Humanitarian Law; Transnational Crime. 3903 words.

In May 2015, the former Chadian dictator Hissène Habré is scheduled to face trial for brutality against his own people before a special chamber in the Senegalese courts established in 2013....

German War Crimes and the Rule of International Law

Gianluigi Palombella.

in Journal of International Criminal Justice

July 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Criminal Law; International Law; International Criminal Law; International Humanitarian Law; Transnational Crime. 3155 words.

This article considers the opposite stances taken by the International Court of Justice (ICJ), the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) and the Italian Constitutional Court from the point...