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Pacifism

Charles Chatfield and Daniel A. Métraux.

in Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945). 3904 words.

[This entry includes two subentries, an overview and a discussion of pacifism in Japan.]

Pacifism.

E. Charles Chatfield.

in The Oxford Companion to United States History

January 2001; p ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: United States History. 572 words.

Pacifism is the principled rejection of war. European peace advocates coined the word in 1901 to describe the goal of

Pacifism

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Cultural and Intellectual History

January 2013; p ublished online January 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History. 640 words.

Pacifism is the principled rejection of war. European peace advocates coined the word in 1901 to describe the goal of

Pacifism

Ben Lowe.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Pre-20th Century Warfare. 646 words.

While pacifism in its modern form did not exist as a concept in the Middle Ages, peace ideas flourished and

Pacifism

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Military and Diplomatic History

January 2013; p ublished online January 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History. 2372 words.

Pacifism, defined as opposition to war and violence of any kind, has had a strong presence in U.S. history both

pacifism

Edited by Anne Kerr and Edmund Wright.

in A Dictionary of World History

January 2015; p ublished online July 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History. 96 words.

The belief that war is never justifiable, no matter how good the cause or how great the threat to one’s country. Pacifism springs either from religious faith, as in the case of ...

Pacifism

Richard Crockatt.

in Einstein and Twentieth-Century Politics

October 2016; p ublished online October 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Intellectual History; Political History. 10996 words.

This chapter discusses the relationship between the various strands of Einstein’s political beliefs and the question of whether there was one underlying value or principle. Einstein’s...

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Pacifism

Sandi Cooper.

in Military History

P ublished online February 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Military History; Pre-20th Century Warfare; First World War; Second World War; Post-WW2 Military History. 8446 words.

Along with other “isms” such as feminism, pacifism was coined in the late 19th to early 20th centuries to describe a set of beliefs and movements that had existed long before they were...

pacifism

Edited by Edmund Wright.

in A Dictionary of World History

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History. 94 words.

The belief that war is never justifiable, no matter how good the cause or how great the threat to one's

Pacifism

James C. Juhnke.

in The Oxford Companion to American Military History

January 2000; p ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History. 1676 words.

is the principled rejection of war. It has found expression in American history through individuals who acted upon basis of

Pacifism

Jane Yule.

in The Oxford Companion to Australian History

January 2001; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Australasian and Pacific History. 287 words.

is the doctrine that war and violence are unjustifiable and morally unacceptable. Christian pacifists further believe that the taking of

pacifism

Thomas P. Socknat.

in The Oxford Companion to Canadian History

January 2004; p ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Regional and National History. 723 words.

A belief, based upon either religious or humanitarian ideals, that war and social violence are immoral, inhuman, irrational, and therefore

pacifism

Paul Cornish and Hugh Bicheno.

in The Oxford Companion to Military History

January 2001; p ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History. 1194 words.

covers a broad range of ideas and practices, but the common denominator is opposition to force and militarism at the

Pacifism

J. Denny Weaver.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

January 1996; p ublished online January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700). 2145 words.

A term used anachronistically when applied to the rejection of the sword of war and justice in the sixteenth century,

pacifism

in The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

January 2001; p ublished online January 2002 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History. 23 words.

n.the belief that war and violence are unjustifiable and that all disputes should be settled by peaceful means.

pacifism

Overview page. Subjects: History — Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

N.the belief that war and violence are unjustifiable and that all disputes should be settled by peaceful means.

pacifist n. & adj.

n.the belief that war and violence are...

See overview in Oxford Index

. The Origins of the New Pacifism

Norman Ingram.

in The Politics of Dissent

January 1991; p ublished online October 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945). 5552 words.

Having reached a pinnacle, old-style pacifism spiralled and retreated into a defence of justice and law as opposed to peace — a retreat which coincided and was largely shaped by the Nazi...

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. Feminist Pacifism and the LIFPL

Norman Ingram.

in The Politics of Dissent

January 1991; p ublished online October 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945). 16094 words.

French women's opposition to the Great War was seen insignificant at the time and was often dismissed. In a culture that strongly enforces gender differences, gender inequality, and...

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Peace through Justice, or the Old Pacifism Defined

Norman Ingram.

in The Politics of Dissent

January 1991; p ublished online October 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945). 9375 words.

Pacifism was not born in France after the Great War, rather it has a long and respectable history in the chronicles of 19th and 20th century France. The earliest French peace society dates...

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Pacifism and rescue: the case of Lionel Cowan

Bill Williams.

in Jews and Other Foreigners

September 2011; p ublished online July 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Cultural History. 7889 words.

A leading Manchester proponent of pacifism was Lionel Cowan, a Manchester Jew who in 1929 was converted to the cause at a meeting he attended at the Friends Meeting House in Mount Street on...

Go to Manchester University Press »  abstract