Oxford Index Search Results

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Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

(USA).

1 (Bonds) A trading convention for quoting the prices of securities. US treasuries are normally quoted in 32nd fractions of a point (1/32%). To quote a bid or...

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High-dose ω-3 Fatty Acid Plus Vitamin D3 Supplementation Affects Clinical Symptoms and Metabolic Status of Patients with Multiple Sclerosis: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial

Ebrahim Kouchaki, Maryam Afarini, Javad Abolhassani, Naghmeh Mirhosseini, Fereshteh Bahmani, Seyed Ali Masoud and Zatollah Asemi.

in The Journal of Nutrition

August 2018; p ublished online July 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 5074 words.

Abstract

Background

Combined omega-3 fatty acid and vitamin D supplementation may improve multiple sclerosis (MS)...

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Effectiveness of Pelvic Floor Muscle Training Alone and in Combination With Biofeedback, Electrical Stimulation, or Both Compared to Control for Urinary Incontinence in 
Men Following Prostatectomy: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

P Kannan, S J Winser, B Fung and G Cheing.

in Physical Therapy

November 2018; p ublished online August 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Allied Health Professions; Physiotherapy; Occupational Medicine. 6917 words.

Abstract

Background

The efficacy of pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) alone and in combination with biofeedback...

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Exercise, Manual Therapy, and Booster Sessions in Knee Osteoarthritis: Cost-Effectiveness Analysis From a Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial

Allyn M Bove, Kenneth J Smith, Christopher G Bise, Julie M Fritz, John Childs, Gerard P Brennan, J Haxby Abbott and G Kelley Fitzgerald.

in Physical Therapy

January 2018; p ublished online October 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Allied Health Professions; Physiotherapy; Occupational Medicine. 6406 words.

Abstract

Background

Limited information exists regarding the cost-effectiveness of rehabilitation strategies for...

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Early Cyclical Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation Improves Strength and Trophism by Akt Pathway Signaling in Partially Paralyzed Biceps Muscle After Spinal Cord Injury in Rats

Gabriel R de Freitas, Caroline C do Espírito Santo, Nicolas A M M de Machado-Pereira, Franciane Bobinski, Adair R S dos Santos and Jocemar Ilha.

in Physical Therapy

March 2018; p ublished online December 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Allied Health Professions; Physiotherapy; Occupational Medicine. 5661 words.

Abstract

Background

Electrical stimulation is often used to treat weakness in people with spinal cord injury (SCI);...

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Physical Impairments Associated With Post–Intensive Care Syndrome: Systematic Review Based on the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health Framework

Patricia J Ohtake, Alan C Lee, Jacqueline Coffey Scott, Rana S Hinman, Naeem A Ali, Carl R Hinkson, Dale M Needham, Lori Shutter, Helene Smith-Gabai, Mary C Spires, Alecia Thiele, Clareen Wiencek and James M Smith.

in Physical Therapy

August 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Allied Health Professions; Physiotherapy; Occupational Medicine. 9024 words.

Abstract

Background

Post–intensive care syndrome (PICS) is a constellation of new or worsening impairments in...

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Cyclical vomiting syndrome

Mark Beattie.

in Oxford Specialist Handbook of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

October 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Gastroenterology; Dietetics and Nutrition. 723 words.

This chapter covers cyclical vomiting syndrome (includes discussion of cyclical vomiting syndrome plus). There are sections on the clinical features, triggers, investigation, and management...

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Dietary Silymarin Supplementation Alleviates Zearalenone-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Reproductive Toxicity in Rats

Xin Gao, Zhuo-Hui Xiao, Meng Liu, Ni-Ya Zhang, Mahmoud Mohamed Khalil, Chang-Qin Gu, De-Sheng Qi and Lv-Hui Sun.

in The Journal of Nutrition

August 2018; p ublished online August 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 5133 words.

Abstract

Background

Zearalenone (ZEN) can cause serious defects in development and reproduction in humans and...

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Birth order and number of siblings and their association with overweight and obesity: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Fernanda Oliveira Meller, Christian Loret de Mola, Maria Cecília Formoso Assunção, Antônio Augusto Schäfer, Darren Lawrence Dahly and Fernando Celso Barros.

in Nutrition Reviews

February 2018; p ublished online January 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Dietetics and Nutrition; Popular Health; Public Health and Epidemiology; Economics of Health. 4165 words.

Abstract

Context

The effect of both birth order and number of siblings on overweight and/or obesity has not been...

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Evaluation of meal replacements and a home food environment intervention for long-term weight loss: a randomized controlled trial

Michael R Lowe, Meghan L Butryn and Fengqing Zhang.

in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

January 2018; p ublished online January 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 6470 words.

ABSTRACT

Background

Lifestyle change treatments for weight loss produce medically meaningful weight reductions, but...

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Stunting at 24 Months Is Not Related to Incidence of Overweight through Young Adulthood in an Urban South African Birth Cohort

Sara K Hanson, Richard J Munthali, Elizabeth A Lundeen, Linda M Richter, Shane A Norris and Aryeh D Stein.

in The Journal of Nutrition

June 2018; p ublished online May 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 5550 words.

Abstract

Background

The role that childhood stunting plays in the development of overweight and obesity later in...

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Cashew Nut Consumption Increases HDL Cholesterol and Reduces Systolic Blood Pressure in Asian Indians with Type 2 Diabetes: A 12-Week Randomized Controlled Trial

Viswanathan Mohan, Rajagopal Gayathri, Lindsay M Jaacks, Nagarajan Lakshmipriya, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Donna Spiegelman, Raman Ganesh Jeevan, Kandappa K Balasubramaniam, Shanmugam Shobana, Mathialagan Jayanthan, Viswanathan Gopinath, Selvakumar Divya, Vasudevan Kavitha, Parthasarathy Vijayalakshmi, Mookambika Ramya Bai R, Ranjit Unnikrishnan, Vasudevan Sudha, Kamala Krishnaswamy, Jordi Salas-Salvadó and Walter C Willett.

in The Journal of Nutrition

January 2018; p ublished online January 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 6742 words.

Abstract

Background

There is increasing evidence that nut consumption decreases the risk of cardiovascular disease....

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Protein

Malcolm Watford and Guoyao Wu.

in Advances in Nutrition

September 2018; p ublished online July 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 1528 words.

Abstract

Proteins are polymers of amino acids linked via α-peptide bonds. They can be represented as primary, secondary, tertiary, and even quaternary...

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Avocado consumption and risk factors for heart disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Hiya A Mahmassani, Esther E Avendano, Gowri Raman and Elizabeth J Johnson.

in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

April 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 8771 words.

ABSTRACT

Background

Nutrients in avocados are associated with cardiovascular benefits.

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A regulatory insertion-deletion polymorphism in the FADS gene cluster influences PUFA and lipid profiles among Chinese adults: a population-based study

Peiqin Li, Jing Zhao, Kumar S D Kothapalli, Xiang Li, Hui Li, Yuxuan Han, Shengquan Mi, Wenhua Zhao, Qizhai Li, Hong Zhang, Yiqing Song, J Thomas Brenna and Ying Gao.

in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

June 2018; p ublished online May 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 6375 words.

ABSTRACT

Background

Arachidonic acid (AA) is the major polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) substrate for potent...

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Estimation of the maternal vitamin D intake that maintains circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D in late gestation at a concentration sufficient to keep umbilical cord sera ≥25–30 nmol/L: a dose-response, double-blind, randomized placebo-controlled trial in pregnant women at northern latitude

Karen M O'Callaghan, Áine Hennessy, George L J Hull, Karina Healy, Christian Ritz, Louise C Kenny, Kevin D Cashman and Mairead E Kiely.

in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

July 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 8536 words.

ABSTRACT

Background

In the absence of dose-response data, Dietary Reference Values for vitamin D in nonpregnant...

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Dietary Red Raspberry Reduces Colorectal Inflammation and Carcinogenic Risk in Mice with Dextran Sulfate Sodium–Induced Colitis

Shima Bibi, Min Du and Mei-Jun Zhu.

in The Journal of Nutrition

May 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 4572 words.

Abstract

Background

Ulcerative colitis causes recurring intestinal mucosal injury and sustained inflammation,...

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Aspartame Consumption for 12 Weeks Does Not Affect Glycemia, Appetite, or Body Weight of Healthy, Lean Adults in a Randomized Controlled Trial

Kelly A Higgins, Robert V Considine and Richard D Mattes.

in The Journal of Nutrition

April 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 6310 words.

Abstract

Background

Low-calorie sweeteners are often used to moderate energy intake and postprandial glycemia, but...

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Intestinal DMT1 Is Essential for Optimal Assimilation of Dietary Copper in Male and Female Mice with Iron-Deficiency Anemia

Xiaoyu Wang, Shireen RL Flores, Jung-Heun Ha, Caglar Doguer, Regina R Woloshun, Ping Xiang, Astrid Grosche, Sadasivan Vidyasagar and James F Collins.

in The Journal of Nutrition

August 2018; p ublished online August 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 5983 words.

Abstract

Background

Divalent metal-ion transporter 1 (DMT1) may transport copper, but studies to date on this topic...

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