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psychometric function

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

In signal detection theory, a plot of the intensity of stimuli on the horizontal axis against the percentage of correct detections of the stimuli on the vertical axis, the resulting curve...

See overview in Oxford Index

Aging-Related Changes in Neural Substrates of Motor and Cognitive Systems

Bruce Crosson and Keith M. McGregor.

in Cognitive Plasticity in Neurologic Disorders

November 2014; p ublished online March 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology. 8772 words.

The effect of aging on cognition has typically been characterized as a progressive loss of cognitive function in addition to declines in physical abilities. Senescence has been accordingly...

Go to Oxford Medicine Online »  abstract

Statistics for the Scale Developer

Barbara C. Tilley.

in Rating Scales in Parkinson's Disease

June 2012; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology. 3245 words.

When a new scale is developed, as described in Chapter 1, the scale must undergo psychometric testing, including cognitive pretesting, assessments of the internal structure or clinimetrics...

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Dynamic risk control by human nucleus accumbens

Parashkev Nachev, Fernando Lopez-Sosa, Javier Jesus Gonzalez-Rosa, Ana Galarza, Josue Avecillas, Jose Angel Pineda-Pardo, Juan José Lopez-Ibor, Blanca Reneses, Juan Antonio Barcia and Bryan Strange.

in Brain

December 2015; p ublished online October 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 3228 words.

Real-world decisions about reward often involve a complex counterbalance of risk and value. Although the nucleus accumbens has been implicated in the underlying neural substrate, its...

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Lesion mapping of social problem solving

Aron K. Barbey, Roberto Colom, Erick J. Paul, Aileen Chau, Jeffrey Solomon and Jordan H. Grafman.

in Brain

October 2014; p ublished online July 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 7078 words.

Accumulating neuroscience evidence indicates that human intelligence is supported by a distributed network of frontal and parietal regions that enable complex, goal-directed behaviour....

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Cognitive function and fMRI in patients with multiple sclerosis: evidence for compensatory cortical activation during an attention task

W. Staffen, A. Mair, H. Zauner, J. Unterrainer, H. Niederhofer, A. Kutzelnigg, S. Ritter, S. Golaszewski, B. Iglseder and G. Ladurner.

in Brain

June 2002; p ublished online June 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 4773 words.

Mild cognitive impairment has frequently been reported for patients in the early stages of multiple sclerosis. The aim of the present study was to measure whether altered cortical activation...

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Profiles of neuropsychological impairment in autopsy-defined Alzheimer's disease and cerebrovascular disease

Bruce R. Reed, Dan M. Mungas, Joel H. Kramer, William Ellis, Harry V. Vinters, Chris Zarow, William J. Jagust and Helena C. Chui.

in Brain

March 2007; p ublished online January 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 6095 words.

Differentiating the cognitive effects of cerebrovascular disease, particularly small vessel disease, from those of Alzheimer's disease is a difficult clinical challenge. An influential...

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An autopsy-verified study of the effect of education on degenerative dementia

Teodoro Del Ser, Vladimir Hachinski, Harold Merskey and David G. Munoz.

in Brain

December 1999; p ublished online December 1999 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 7930 words.

A longitudinal study of the relationship between education and age of onset, rate of progression and cerebral lesion burden in a series of autopsy-confirmed demented patients with clinical...

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Neural mechanisms of discourse comprehension: a human lesion study

Aron K. Barbey, Roberto Colom and Jordan Grafman.

in Brain

January 2014; p ublished online November 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 6229 words.

Discourse comprehension is a hallmark of human social behaviour and refers to the act of interpreting a written or spoken message by constructing mental representations that integrate...

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Modifying the Medical Research Council grading system through Rasch analyses

Els Karla Vanhoutte, Catharina Gerritdina Faber, Sonja Ingrid van Nes, Bart Casper Jacobs, Pieter Antoon van Doorn, Rinske van Koningsveld, David Reid Cornblath, Anneke Jelly van der Kooi, Elisabeth Aviva Cats, Leonard Hendrik van den Berg, Nicolette Claudia Notermans, Willem Lodewijk van der Pol, Mieke Catharina Elisabeth Hermans, Nadine Anna Maria Elisabeth van der Beek, Kenneth Craig Gorson, Marijke Eurelings, Jeroen Engelsman, Hendrik Boot, Ronaldus Jacobus Meijer, Giuseppe Lauria, Alan Tennant and Ingemar Sergio José Merkies.

in Brain

May 2012; p ublished online December 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 5725 words.

The Medical Research Council grading system has served through decades for the evaluation of muscle strength and has been recognized as a cardinal feature of daily neurological,...

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Rating disease progression of Friedreich’s ataxia by the International Cooperative Ataxia Rating Scale: analysis of a 603-patient database

Günther Metz, Nicholas Coppard, Jonathon M. Cooper, Martin B. Delatycki, Alexandra Dürr, Nicholas A. Di Prospero, Paola Giunti, David R. Lynch, J. B. Schulz, Christian Rummey and Thomas Meier.

in Brain

January 2013; p ublished online January 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 6112 words.

The aim of this cross-sectional study was to analyse disease progression in Friedreich’s ataxia as measured by the International Cooperative Ataxia Rating Scale. Single ratings from 603...

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Exploring the neurological substrate of emotional and social intelligence

Reuven Bar‐On, Daniel Tranel, Natalie L. Denburg and Antoine Bechara.

in Brain

August 2003; p ublished online August 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 7488 words.

The somatic marker hypothesis posits that deficits in emotional signalling (somatic states) lead to poor judgment in decision‐making, especially in the personal and social realms. Similar to...

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Visual Contrast Sensitivity Improvement by Right Frontal High-Beta Activity Is Mediated by Contrast Gain Mechanisms and Influenced by Fronto-Parietal White Matter Microstructure

Romain Quentin, Seth Elkin Frankston, Marine Vernet, Monica N. Toba, Paolo Bartolomeo, Lorena Chanes and Antoni Valero-Cabré.

in Cerebral Cortex

June 2016; p ublished online April 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 7541 words.

Behavioral and electrophysiological studies in humans and non-human primates have correlated frontal high-beta activity with the orienting of endogenous attention and shown the ability of...

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QOL-40. RADIATION DOSE EFFECT ON NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL OUTCOME OF POSTERIOR FOSSA BRAIN TUMOR SURVIVORS

Jeffrey Tanedo, Sharon O’Neil, Katrina Huft, Aditi Tondulkar, Kenneth Wong, Arthur Olch, Jemily Malvar, Katherine Maina, Sinchai Tsao, Natasha Lepore and Mary Baron Nelson.

in Neuro-Oncology

June 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Oncology; Neurology. 0 words.

Abstract

Children with brain tumors treated with cranial irradiation experience significant cognitive late effects. Cranial irradiation followed by posterior...

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NCOG-04. ANALYSIS OF EXAMINER ERRORS ON COGNITIVE TESTING IN MULTI-SITE STUDIES

Jane H Cerhan, S Keith Anderson, Alissa M Butts and Paul D Brown.

in Neuro-Oncology

November 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Oncology; Neurology. 0 words.

Abstract

There is increasing interest in cognitive function as an outcome measure in brain tumor clinical trials. A 3-test battery has been recommended,...

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QOL-06. METHYLPHENIDATE IMPROVES HEALTH-RELATED QUALITY OF LIFE AND ATTENTIONAL IMPAIRMENT IN PAEDIATRIC NEURO-ONCOLOGY SURVIVORS

Sarah Jane Watts, Gail Halliday, Jade Ryles and Simon Bailey.

in Neuro-Oncology

June 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Oncology; Neurology. 0 words.

Abstract

Treatment for paediatric brain tumour (BT) is increasingly effective in preserving life but is associated with lifelong neurocognitive sequelae. Most...

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QOL-19. THE PROMOTE STUDY: PATIENT REPORTED OUTCOME MEASURES ONLINE TO ENHANCE COMMUNICATION AND QUALITY OF LIFE AFTER CHILDHOOD BRAIN TUMOUR

Kim Bull, Anne-Sophie Darlington, Martha Grootenhuis, Darren Hargrave, Christina Liossi, Christopher Morris, David Walker and Colin Kennedy.

in Neuro-Oncology

June 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Oncology; Neurology. 0 words.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The quality of life (QoL) of children and adolescents treated for brain tumours is...

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0831 Reliability of the San Diego Sleep Survey (SDSS) in a Referred Pediatric Sleep Clinic Population

S M Inkelis, A Sankaran and R Bhattacharjee.

in SLEEP

P ublished online April 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Sleep Medicine; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 0 words.

Abstract

Introduction

Sleep disorders are negatively associated with normal child functioning, including physical...

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