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sensitive

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

adj. possessing the ability to respond to a stimulus. The cells of the retina, for example, are sensitive to the stimulus of light and respond by sending nerve impulses to the...

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Outward-Sensitive Phonological ly Conditioned Allomorphy in Nez Perce

Amy Rose Deal and Matthew Wolf.

in The Morphosyntax-Phonology Connection

February 2017; p ublished online January 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Phonetics and Phonology. 8600 words.

Theories of allomorph selection differ in the extent to which they allow the realization of morphemes closer to the Root to be sensitive to the shape of more peripheral morphemes. In...

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Locality and Directionality in Inward-Sensitive Allomorphy: Russian and Bulgarian

Vera Gribanova and Boris Harizanov.

in The Morphosyntax-Phonology Connection

February 2017; p ublished online January 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Phonetics and Phonology. 8159 words.

Two central questions in the study of contextual allomorphy concern (i) how far away from each other the conditioning morpheme and the morpheme that is subject to allomorphy can be, and...

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Morphophonological polarity*

Paul De Lacy.

in The Morphology and Phonology of Exponence

September 2012; p ublished online January 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Grammar, Syntax and Morphology; Phonetics and Phonology. 14630 words.

This chapter classifies the typology of morphological dissimilation effects into four distinct stages of the mapping from syntax to exponence: linearization, prosodic readjustment, M-Word...

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The Morphology and Phonology of Exponence

Edited by Jochen Trommer.

September 2012; p ublished online January 2013 .

Book. Subjects: Grammar, Syntax and Morphology; Phonetics and Phonology. 592 pages.

Exponence is the mapping of morphosyntactic structure to phonological representations, a research area which is not only the traditional bone of contention between phonology and morphology,...

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The Linguistics, Phonology, and Phonetics Perspective

Mark Tatham and Katherine Morton.

in Expression in Speech

October 2003; p ublished online September 2007 .

Chapter. Subjects: Phonetics and Phonology. 12325 words.

This chapter introduces some aspects of linguistics that may be helpful in labelling emotive content of speech. The following questions are asked: Are speech and emotion separate events or...

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Potentially Global Interactions Are Resolved Locally

David Embick.

in Localism versus Globalism in Morphology and Phonology

July 2010; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Phonetics and Phonology. 11008 words.

This chapter examines the specific empirical predictions that globalism makes for allomorphic interactions, focusing on possible forms of evidence in favor of global computation of...

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Stress, Phrasing, and Auxiliary Contract Ion in English

Arto Anttila.

in The Morphosyntax-Phonology Connection

February 2017; p ublished online January 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Phonetics and Phonology. 8575 words.

Studies of English auxiliary contraction often mention stress as a condition on contraction, but give it no explicit role in the analysis. This chapter develops the view that contraction...

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Metrical Structure and Stress

Matthew K. Gordon.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics

P ublished online July 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Phonetics and Phonology. 8953 words.

Metrical structure refers to the phonological representations capturing the prominence relationships between syllables, usually manifested phonetically as differences in levels of stress....

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Old and Middle English Phonology

Donka Minkova.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics

P ublished online May 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Phonetics and Phonology. 10612 words.

Old English (OE) is a cover term for a variety of dialects spoken in Britain ca. 5th–11th century. Most of the manuscripts on which the descriptive handbook tradition relies date from the...

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Contrastive Specification in Phonology

Daniel Currie Hall.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Phonetics and Phonology. 8988 words.

The fundamental idea underlying the use of distinctive features in phonology is the proposition that the same phonetic properties that distinguish one phoneme from another also play a...

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Introduction

Kevin M. Ryan.

in Prosodic Weight

February 2019; p ublished online March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Phonetics and Phonology; Linguistics. 9665 words.

A variety of phonological phenomena are sensitive to weight, including stress, prosodic minimality, meter, end-weight, tone licensing, compensatory lengthening, syllable structure,...

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Stress

Matthew K. Gordon.

in Phonological Typology

April 2016; p ublished online June 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Phonetics and Phonology; Historical and Diachronic Linguistics. 16283 words.

This chapter explores the typology of stress systems, including weight-insensitive and weight-sensitive (quantity-sensitive) stress. Typological asymmetries in the location of stress and...

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Association with focus

Daniel Büring.

in Intonation and Meaning

July 2016; p ublished online October 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Semantics; Phonetics and Phonology. 11858 words.

Associated focus—co-occurring with focus-sensitive particles like only/also—has been central to the development of focus semantics. This chapter highlights similarities and...

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Perception of lexical stress in Spanish L2 by French speakers

Joaquim Llisterri and Sandra Schwab.

in Romance Phonetics and Phonology

November 2018; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics; Phonetics and Phonology. 4861 words.

Three experiments on the perception of lexical stress in Spanish (a free-stress language) by speakers of French (a fixed-stress language) are discussed in this chapter. The main goal of...

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Phonotactics and Syllable Structure in Infant Speech Perception

Tania S. Zamuner and Viktor Kharlamov.

in The Oxford Handbook of Developmental Linguistics

July 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Language Acquisition; Phonetics and Phonology. 8117 words.

Phonotactics and syllable structure form an integral part of phonological competence and may be used to discover other aspects of language. Given the importance of such knowledge to the...

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The Interplay of Morphology and Phonology

Sharon Inkelas.

October 2014; p ublished online December 2014 .

Book. Subjects: Grammar, Syntax and Morphology; Phonetics and Phonology. 448 pages.

This book presents a phenomenon-oriented survey of the ways in which phonology and morphology interact, including ways in which morphology, i.e. word formation, demonstrates sensitivity to...

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Rule-Based Generative Historical Phonology

B. Elan Dresher.

in The Oxford Handbook of Historical Phonology

November 2015; p ublished online May 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Historical and Diachronic Linguistics; Phonetics and Phonology. 7640 words.

This chapter presents an account of historical phonology as understood in terms of classical generative phonology, and argues for the continuing relevance of rules and derivations in...

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Phonology

Gunnar Ólafur Hansson.

in The Oxford Handbook of Inflection

July 2015; p ublished online January 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology; Phonetics and Phonology. 13606 words.

This chapter gives a brief overview of current approaches within the generative tradition to modelling the morphology–phonology interface, with particular attention to the interaction of...

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Typology of Phonological Systems

Ian Maddieson.

in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Typology

November 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Linguistic Typology; Phonetics and Phonology. 6570 words.

This article describes the three classes of factors used to construct phonological typologies, based respectively on prosodic patterns, segmental patterns, and the structures of longer...

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Old and Middle Japanese

Bjarke Frellesvig.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics

P ublished online August 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology; Phonetics and Phonology. 9230 words.

Old and Middle Japanese are the pre-modern periods of the attested history of the Japanese language. Old Japanese (OJ) is largely the language of the 8th century, with a modest, but still...

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