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sensitive

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

adj. possessing the ability to respond to a stimulus. The cells of the retina, for example, are sensitive to the stimulus of light and respond by sending nerve impulses to the...

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infrared photography

Timothy Darvill.

in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology. 77 words.

[Te]

A useful technique for recording detail in objects, sites, and landscapes is to use film that is sensitive to

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Diet, Nutrition, and Disease across the Lifespan

Stanley J. Ulijaszek.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Diet

P ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology. 7582 words.

Diet and nutrition need to be adequate to sustain human growth, sexual maturation, reproduction, and the physical labour needed to obtain food and support the successful maturation of...

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archaeomagnetic dating

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology.

[Ge]

A method of determining absolute dates for certain kinds of archaeological materials, particularly in situ hearths, kilns, and furnaces, based on the principle of...

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Sophus Otto Müller

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology.

(1846–1934) [Bi]

Danish archaeologist well known for his work developing excavation technique. Born in Copenhagen, he enrolled at Copenhagen University in 1864 to study classics...

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Olaff Olmos

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology.

(1951–2005) [Bi]

Chilean archaeologist and academic, one of the first generation of students trained in archaeology in northern Chile. At an early stage in his career he conducted...

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AD 550–600 Collapse at Teotihuacan

Matthew S. Lachniet and Juan Pablo Bernal-Uruchurtu.

in Megadrought and Collapse

November 2017; p ublished online October 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Archaeology. 9416 words.

We analyze a 2400-year rainfall reconstruction from an ultra-high-resolution absolutely-dated stalagmite (JX-6) from southwestern Mexico (Lachniet et al., 2012). Oxygen isotope variations...

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magnetometer

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — Science and Mathematics.

An instrument for measuring either the direction or the intensity of a magnetic field. Common field instruments include the fluxgate type and nuclear-precession types. The fluxgate...

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Interpretations of Artifacts and Ecofacts

Grace Turner.

in Honoring Ancestors in Sacred Space

November 2017; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: History and Theory of Archaeology. 10360 words.

Interpretation of this heavily disturbed archaeological site relied on the excavated material culture. Detailed analysis was done on the ceramics, glass, and faunal remains. These artifacts...

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Material Visions

Stacy C. Kozakavich.

in The Archaeology of Utopian and Intentional Communities

December 2017; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: History and Theory of Archaeology. 9720 words.

Artifacts made, bought, and used within past intentional communities demand careful interpretation. They may reaffirm or challenge our long-held ideas about a group, and as mute witnesses...

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Optical Dating of Rock Art

Richard G. Roberts.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology and Anthropology of Rock Art

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeological Methodology and Techniques. 3897 words.

This article describes the principles of optical dating—an umbrella term for a family of related techniques based on the storage of radiation energy in light-sensitive traps in natural...

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From Earlier to Later Hominins

Sireen El Zataari and Peter Ungar.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Diet

P ublished online May 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology. 7613 words.

More than fifty years ago researchers recognised that microscopic patterns of wear on tooth enamel surfaces record information about ingestive behaviours and diets. Various methods of...

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Marcus Simaika

Samir Simaika and Nevine Henein.

August 2017; p ublished online January 2018 .

Book. Subjects: History and Theory of Archaeology. 240 pages.

Marcus Pasha Simaika (1864–1944) was born to a prominent Coptic family on the eve of the inauguration of the Suez Canal and the British occupation of Egypt. From a young age he developed a...

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Contested Burials

Liv Nilsson Stutz.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial

May 2013; p ublished online August 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; Historical Archaeology. 8348 words.

Contemporary archaeology is increasingly engaged with the public and is also more sensitive than in the past concerning the role it plays in communities. This engagement is productive and...

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Sawwan, Tell es-

Joan Oates.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 565 words.

[Arab. Tall Sawwan]

Ancient Mesopotamian site just south of modern Samarraا in Iraq. Tell es-Sawwan flourished in the 6th millennium bc and is noted for its prehistoric...

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Kurkihar

Frederick M. Asher.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Architecture; South and Southeast Asian Art; Religious Art; Buddhist Art. 239 words.

[Kurkihār]

Site in Gaya District, Bihar, India. Although no excavations have been conducted, the many sculptures found at the site indicate it was the location of a Buddhist...

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