Oxford Index Search Results

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sensitive

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

adj. possessing the ability to respond to a stimulus. The cells of the retina, for example, are sensitive to the stimulus of light and respond by sending nerve impulses to the...

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The δ13C Value of Fingerstick Blood Is a Valid, Reliable, and Sensitive Biomarker of Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Intake in Children and Adolescents

Carly R MacDougall, Catelyn E Hill, A Hope Jahren, Jyoti Savla, Shaun K Riebl, Valisa E Hedrick, Hollie A Raynor, Julie C Dunsmore, Madlyn I Frisard and Brenda M Davy.

in The Journal of Nutrition

January 2018; p ublished online January 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 4811 words.

Abstract

Background

Reliance on self-reported dietary intake methods is a commonly cited research limitation, and...

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Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

Kevin B. Hoover.

in Musculoskeletal Imaging Volume 1

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Radiography. 1715 words.

Chapter 31 discusses juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), which is a heterogeneous disease of joint inflammation. Initial radiographic evaluation is useful for excluding other diseases....

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Mixed Connective Tissue Disease

Josephina A. Vossen.

in Musculoskeletal Imaging Volume 1

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Radiography. 868 words.

Chapter 43 discusses mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD), which is a complex disease with overlapping features of systemic sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and polymyositis. MCTD...

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Ankylosing Spondylitis

Kevin B. Hoover.

in Musculoskeletal Imaging Volume 1

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Radiography. 1932 words.

Chapter 32 discusses ankylosing spondylitis (AS), which is an inflammatory disease. It primarily affects white men. AS is a potentially debilitating disease that progresses to ankylosis of...

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Degenerative Spondylosis and Related Conditions

Kevin B. Hoover.

in Musculoskeletal Imaging Volume 1

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Radiography. 2289 words.

Chapter 47 discusses degenerative spondylosis and related conditions. Degenerative spondylosis encompasses the universal, age-related change in the intervertebral discs, facet joints,...

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Rheumatoid Arthritis

Kevin B. Hoover.

in Musculoskeletal Imaging Volume 1

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Radiography. 2299 words.

Chapter 30 discusses rheumatoid arthritis (RA), which is the most common inflammatory arthritis and increases in incidence with age. Radiographs of the hand and feet are the primary imaging...

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Anemias

Kevin B. Hoover.

in Musculoskeletal Imaging Volume 2

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Radiography. 2914 words.

Chapter 74 discusses anemia conditions including sickle cell disease and thalassemia. Anemia is a condition of decreased oxygen delivery to organs caused by a deficit of functional red...

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Brucellosis

Remide Arkun.

in Musculoskeletal Imaging Volume 2

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Radiography. 2404 words.

Chapter 92 reviews musculoskeletal brucellosis. Brucellosis is a zoonosis of worldwide distribution that is caused by small, gram-negative, nonencapsulated coccobacilli of the genus Brucellanull...

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Internal Derangement of the Knee

Ankur Garg.

in Musculoskeletal Imaging Volume 2

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Radiography. 13508 words.

Chapter 108 focuses on knee MRI, first discussing some general technical considerations of musculoskeletal MRI, and then discussing individual components, including the menisci, cruciate...

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Integrative Nursing Management of Cognitive Impairment

Rebecca L. Ross and Iris R. Bell.

in Integrative Nursing

February 2014; p ublished online February 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Allied Health Professions; Clinical Medicine; Primary Care. 5293 words.

Cognitively impaired individuals are often sensitive to the side effects of pharmacological agents, a mainstay of biomedical treatment in this condition. An integrative approach to...

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Left ventricle: cardiac mechanics and left ventricular performance

Erwan Donal, Seisyou Kou and Partho Senguptadd.

in The EACVI Textbook of Echocardiography

November 2016; p ublished online December 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine; Radiography. 1952 words.

The complexity of left ventricular (LV) function(s) assessment in heart failure patients is related to the complexity of heart anatomy, but also to the complexity of electromechanical...

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Left ventricle: systolic function

Bernard Cosyns, Thor Edvardsen, Krasimira Hristova and Hyung-Kwan Kim.

in The EACVI Textbook of Echocardiography

November 2016; p ublished online December 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine; Radiography. 9954 words.

The assessment of left ventricular (LV) systolic function is one of the most important parts of correct diagnosis, selection of treatment strategy or medications, and prediction of...

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Vitamin D Status and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies

Yadollah Khoshbakht, Reza Bidaki and Amin Salehi-Abargouei.

in Advances in Nutrition

January 2018; p ublished online February 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 6874 words.

Abstract

An association between vitamin D and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been proposed by several researchers in recent years;...

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Capturing Changes in HIV-Infected Breastfeeding Mothers’ Cognitive Processes from Before Delivery to 5 Months Postpartum: An Application of the Pile-Sorting Technique in Haiti

Elizabeth L Fox, Gretel H Pelto, Haim Bar, Kathleen M Rasmussen, Sera L Young, Marie Guerda Debrosse, Vanessa A Rouzier, Jean William Pape and David L Pelletier.

in Current Developments in Nutrition

June 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 9072 words.

Abstract

Background

The cognitive processes involved in individuals’ perceptions and prioritization of information,...

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Lifestyle, metabolite, and genetic determinants of formate concentrations in a cross-sectional study in young, healthy adults

John T Brosnan, James L Mills, Per M Ueland, Barry Shane, Ruzong Fan, Chi-Yang Chiu, Faith Pangilinan, Lawrence C Brody, Margaret E Brosnan, Theerawat Pongnopparat and Anne M Molloy.

in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

March 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 6011 words.

ABSTRACT

Background

Formate is an important metabolite that serves as a donor of one-carbon groups to the...

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Cholic Acid Supplementation of a High-Fat Obesogenic Diet Suppresses Hepatic Triacylglycerol Accumulation in Mice via a Fibroblast Growth Factor 21–Dependent Mechanism

Siri M Ippagunta, Alexei Kharitonenkov, Andrew C Adams and F Bradley Hillgartner.

in The Journal of Nutrition

April 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 6186 words.

Abstract

Background

Supplementation of a high-fat obesogenic diet (HFD) with cholic acid (CA) suppresses the...

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Nutritional Status Measures Are Correlated with Pupillary Responsiveness in Zambian Children

Katherine Healy, Amanda C Palmer, Maxwell A Barffour, Kerry J Schulze, Ward Siamusantu, Justin Chileshe, Keith P West and Alain B Labrique.

in The Journal of Nutrition

July 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 5365 words.

Abstract

Background

Impairments in visual function have been well characterized in vitamin A deficiency. However,...

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Adverse effects on thyroid of Chinese children exposed to long-term iodine excess: optimal and safe Tolerable Upper Intake Levels of iodine for 7- to 14-y-old children

Wen Chen, Yixin Zhang, Yunmeng Hao, Wei Wang, Long Tan, Jiancao Bian, Elizabeth N Pearce, Michael B Zimmermann, Jun Shen and Wanqi Zhang.

in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

May 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 6175 words.

ABSTRACT

Background

The adverse effects of iodine excess on the thyroid in children are not well understood, and...

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Modeling the impact of folic acid fortification and supplementation on red blood cell folate concentrations and predicted neural tube defect risk in the United States: have we reached optimal prevention?

Krista S Crider, Yan Ping Qi, Owen Devine, Sarah C Tinker and Robert J Berry.

in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

June 2018; p ublished online May 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 6499 words.

ABSTRACT

Background

The US CDC and the Institute of Medicine recommend that women capable of becoming pregnant...

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The double burden of malnutrition among adolescents: analysis of data from the Global School-Based Student Health and Health Behavior in School-Aged Children surveys in 57 low- and middle-income countries

Rishi Caleyachetty, G N Thomas, Andre P Kengne, Justin B Echouffo-Tcheugui, Samantha Schilsky, Juneida Khodabocus and Ricardo Uauy.

in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

August 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 4302 words.

ABSTRACT

Background

Adults and young children in countries experiencing the nutrition transition are known to be...

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