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sensitive species

Overview page. Subjects: Environmental Science.

Plant or animal species which are susceptible to changes in habitat or to impacts from human activities.

See overview in Oxford Index

Category Learning Increases Discriminability of Relevant Object Dimensions in Visual Cortex

Jonathan R. Folstein, Thomas J. Palmeri and Isabel Gauthier.

in Cerebral Cortex

April 2013; p ublished online April 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuroscience. 8209 words.

Learning to categorize objects can transform how they are perceived, causing relevant perceptual dimensions predictive of object category to become enhanced. For example, an expert...

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Auditory Laterality : Recent Findings in Speech Perception

Patricia E. Cowell.

in The Two Halves of the Brain

June 2010; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 12358 words.

This chapter explores the linguistic and cultural factors that impact laterality of speech perception. It analyzes the recent work into the biology of speech lateralization, concentrating...

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The Head-Neck System of the Blowfly Calliphora: 2. Functional Organization and Comparisons with the Sphinx Moth Manduca sexta

Jürgen J. Milde, Wulfila Gronenberg and Nicholas J. Strausfeld.

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

April 1992; p ublished online March 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 3213 words.

In this chapter, the motion-sensitive responses of particular neck muscles motoneurons in the fly Calliphora erythrocephala are characterized and compared to those in an analogous system in...

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Refinement but Not Maintenance of Visual Receptive Fields Is Independent of Visual Experience

Timothy S. Balmer and Sarah L. Pallas.

in Cerebral Cortex

April 2015; p ublished online October 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuroscience. 9900 words.

Visual deprivation is reported to prevent or delay the development of mature receptive field (RF) properties in primary visual cortex (V1) in several species. In contrast, visual...

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Direction-Sensitive Codes for Observed Head Turns in Human Superior Temporal Sulcus

Johan D. Carlin, James B. Rowe, Nikolaus Kriegeskorte, Russell Thompson and Andrew J. Calder.

in Cerebral Cortex

April 2012; p ublished online June 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuroscience. 7631 words.

Humans and other primates are adept at using the direction of another's gaze or head turn to infer where that individual is attending. Research in macaque neurophysiology suggests that...

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Vibrotactile Discrimination in the Rat Whisker System is Based on Neuronal Coding of Instantaneous Kinematic Cues

Christian Waiblinger, Dominik Brugger and Cornelius Schwarz.

in Cerebral Cortex

April 2015; p ublished online October 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuroscience. 11077 words.

Which physical parameter of vibrissa deflections is extracted by the rodent tactile system for discrimination? Particularly, it remains unclear whether perception has access to...

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Temporal modulation transfer functions

Jos Eggerrmont.

in Auditory Temporal Processing and its Disorders

April 2015; p ublished online May 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 10774 words.

A temporal modulation transfer function (tMTF) reflects how well a person or a neuron can follow amplitude modulations of a sound. The neural responses to the first modulations of a noise...

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Raptor Vision

Mindaugas Mitkus, Simon Potier, Graham R. Martin, Olivier Duriez and Almut Kelber.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Neuroscience

P ublished online April 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Sensory and Motor Systems. 12665 words.

Diurnal raptors (birds of the orders Accipitriformes and Falconiformes), renowned for their extraordinarily sharp eyesight, have fascinated humans for centuries. The high visual acuity in...

Go to Oxford Research Encyclopedias »  abstract

Social and asocial prefrontal cortex neurons: a new look at social facilitation and the social brain

Marie Demolliens, Faiçal Isbaine, Sylvain Takerkart, Pascal Huguet and Driss Boussaoud.

in Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience

P ublished online May 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Cognition and Behavioural Neuroscience. 6436 words.

Abstract

A fundamental aspect of behavior in many animal species is ‘social facilitation’, the positive effect of the mere presence of conspecifics on...

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DJ-1 and α-synuclein in human cerebrospinal fluid as biomarkers of Parkinson’s disease

Zhen Hong, Min Shi, Kathryn A. Chung, Joseph F. Quinn, Elaine R. Peskind, Douglas Galasko, Joseph Jankovic, Cyrus P. Zabetian, James B. Leverenz, Geoffrey Baird, Thomas J. Montine, Aneeka M. Hancock, Hyejin Hwang, Catherine Pan, Joshua Bradner, Un J. Kang, Poul H. Jensen and Jing Zhang.

in Brain

March 2010; p ublished online February 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 8332 words.

Biomarkers are urgently needed for the diagnosis and monitoring of disease progression in Parkinson’s disease. Both DJ-1 and α-synuclein, two proteins critically involved in Parkinson’s...

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Detection of elevated levels of soluble α-synuclein oligomers in post-mortem brain extracts from patients with dementia with Lewy bodies

Katerina E. Paleologou, Christine L. Kragh, David M. A. Mann, Sultan A. Salem, Rania Al-Shami, David Allsop, Ahmed H. Hassan, Poul H. Jensen and Omar M. A. El-Agnaf.

in Brain

April 2009; p ublished online January 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 6227 words.

A number of neurodegenerative diseases including Parkinson's disease, dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and multiple system atrophy are characterized by the formation and intraneuronal...

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Places in the Brain: Bridging Layout and Object Geometry in Scene-Selective Cortex

Moira R Dillon, Andrew S Persichetti, Elizabeth S Spelke and Daniel D Dilks.

in Cerebral Cortex

July 2018; p ublished online June 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 8825 words.

Abstract

Diverse animal species primarily rely on sense (left–right) and egocentric distance (proximal–distal) when navigating the environment. Recent...

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A Systematic Relationship Between Functional Connectivity and Intracortical Myelin in the Human Cerebral Cortex

Julia M. Huntenburg, Pierre-Louis Bazin, Alexandros Goulas, Christine L. Tardif, Arno Villringer and Daniel S. Margulies.

in Cerebral Cortex

February 2017; p ublished online February 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 12626 words.

Abstract

Research in the macaque monkey suggests that cortical areas with similar microstructure are more likely to be connected. Here, we examine this link...

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Functional Maps at the Onset of Auditory Inputs in Very Early Preterm Human Neonates

Mahdi Mahmoudzadeh, Fabrice Wallois, Guy Kongolo, Sabrina Goudjil and Ghislaine Dehaene-Lambertz.

in Cerebral Cortex

April 2017; p ublished online April 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 9741 words.

Abstract

During the last trimester of human gestation, neurons reach their final destination and establish long- and short-distance connections. Due to the...

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GABA transmission via ATP-dependent K+ channels regulates α-synuclein secretion in mouse striatum

Evangelia Emmanouilidou, Georgia Minakaki, Maria V. Keramioti, Mary Xylaki, Evangelos Balafas, Margarita Chrysanthou-Piterou, Ismini Kloukina and Kostas Vekrellis.

in Brain

March 2016; p ublished online February 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuropathology; Disorders of the Nervous System. 11787 words.

α-Synuclein is readily released in human and mouse brain parenchyma, even though the normal function of the secreted protein has not been yet elucidated. Under pathological conditions, such...

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TRPA1/NOX in the soma of trigeminal ganglion neurons mediates migraine-related pain of glyceryl trinitrate in mice

Ilaria Maddalena Marone, Francesco De Logu, Romina Nassini, Muryel De Carvalho Goncalves, Silvia Benemei, Juliano Ferreira, Piyush Jain, Simone Li Puma, Nigel W Bunnett, Pierangelo Geppetti and Serena Materazzi.

in Brain

August 2018; p ublished online July 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuropathology; Disorders of the Nervous System; Pain Medicine. 10388 words.

Abstract

Glyceryl trinitrate is administered as a provocative test for migraine pain. Glyceryl trinitrate causes prolonged mechanical allodynia in rodents,...

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Age-Associated Vascular Oxidative Stress, Nrf2 Dysfunction, and NF-κB Activation in the Nonhuman Primate Macaca mulatta

Zoltan Ungvari, Lora Bailey-Downs, Tripti Gautam, Danuta Sosnowska, Mingyi Wang, Robert E. Monticone, Richard Telljohann, John T. Pinto, Raphael de Cabo, William E. Sonntag, Edward G. Lakatta and Anna Csiszar.

in The Journals of Gerontology: Series A

August 2011; p ublished online May 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Geriatric Medicine; Public Health; Biological Sciences; Molecular and Cell Biology; Neuroscience. 5641 words.

Aging promotes oxidative stress in vascular endothelial and smooth muscle cells, which contribute to the development of cardiovascular diseases. NF-E2–related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a...

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A Dwarf Mouse Model With Decreased GH/IGF-1 Activity That Does Not Experience Life-Span Extension: Potential Impact of Increased Adiposity, Leptin, and Insulin With Advancing Age

Darlene E. Berryman, Ellen R. Lubbers, Vishakha Magon, Edward O. List and John J. Kopchick.

in The Journals of Gerontology: Series A

February 2014; p ublished online May 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Geriatric Medicine; Public Health; Biological Sciences; Molecular and Cell Biology; Neuroscience. 7265 words.

Reduced growth hormone (GH) action is associated with extended longevity in many vertebrate species. GH receptor (GHR) null (GHR /−) mice, which have a disruption in the GHR...

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Evaluating Health Span in Preclinical Models of Aging and Disease: Guidelines, Challenges, and Opportunities for Geroscience

Derek M. Huffman, Jamie N. Justice, Michael B. Stout, James L. Kirkland, Nir Barzilai and Steven N. Austad.

in The Journals of Gerontology: Series A

November 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Geriatric Medicine; Public Health; Biological Sciences; Molecular and Cell Biology; Neuroscience. 10751 words.

Life extension is no longer considered sufficient evidence of delayed aging in research animals. It must also be demonstrated that a broad swathe of health indicators have been extended....

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