Oxford Index Search Results

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symmetric relation x Law x clear all

symmetric relation

Overview page. Subjects: Computing.

A binary relation ∼ on a set S is symmetric if, for all a and b in S, whenever ab then ba.

See overview in Oxford Index

7 Paris Agreement

Daniel Bodansky, Jutta Brunnée and Lavanya Rajamani.

in International Climate Change Law

May 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Law. 49 pages. 21618 words.

This chapter details the 2015 Paris Agreement, its four overarching issues, and its key provisions. The Paris Agreement is a landmark in the UN climate negotiations. It sets an ambitious...

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Art.2 The Right to Non-Discrimination

Samantha Besson and Eleonor Kleber.

in The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child

March 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Law. 32 pages. 18932 words.

This section is about Article 2 of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child dealing with The Right to Non-Discrimination.

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Introduction

Vincent Chetail.

in International Migration Law

April 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Law. 14 pages. 7788 words.

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the issue of migration. It first considers data and statistics to inform and objectivize the debate, and attempts to dispel the complexity...

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2 Constitutional Challenges, 6 Balancing and Proportionality

Gideon Sapir.

in The Israeli Constitution

August 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Law. 22 pages. 9905 words.

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Part I The Nature of Intangible Property, 2 Nature and Characteristics of Intangibles

Marcus Smith and Nico Leslie.

in The Law of Assignment

March 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Law. 42 pages. 26728 words.

This chapter discusses the fundamentals of property law, particularly considering the nature of property interests, and the distinction between rights in rem and in personam, or between...

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Part II Ambit of Protection, 4 Parallel Proceedings

Campbell McLachlan, Laurence Shore and Matthew Weiniger.

in International Investment Arbitration

March 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Law. 61 pages. 36086 words.

Chapter 4 deals with a complex set of problems that have arisen in determining the relationship between parallel claims in investment arbitration and other forms of dispute resolution,...

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Part 3 The Post 9/11-Era (2001–), 62 Threats of and Actual Military Strikes Against Syria—2013 and 2017

Anne Lagerwall.

in The Use of Force in International Law

May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Law. 27 pages. 16866 words.

This chapter examines the threats of military intervention expressed by the United States, the United Kingdom and France in reaction to the use of chemical weapons during an attack in the...

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Part II Investor-State Arbitration in the Energy Sector, 7 Contractual Mechanisms for Stability in Energy Contracts

Loukas Mistelis.

in International Arbitration in the Energy Sector

February 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Law. 22 pages. 10231 words.

This chapter discusses the interpretation and enforceability of various contractual means typically used in energy contracts to ensure a sustainable relationship between the contracting...

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4 Money and Value

Simon Gleeson.

in The Legal Concept of Money

December 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Law. 20 pages. 10785 words.

This chapter looks at money’s most fundamental attribute: it is perceived as something that has value. It should be reasonably clear that something which was not perceived as having value...

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Part III Decentralisation, Local Government, and Constitutionalism, 13 Cameroon and the Anomalies of Decentralisation with a Centralist Mindset

Charles M. Fombad.

in Decentralisation and Constitutionalism in Africa

August 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Law. 39 pages. 20020 words.

This chapter focuses on the process of decentralisation in Cameroon. With the possible exception of the 2005 constitution of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the Cameroonian...

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2 The Modern ‘Penalty’ Rule

Roger Halson.

in Liquidated Damages and Penalty Clauses

March 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Law. 44 pages. 23562 words.

Prior to decision of the UK’s Supreme Court in Cavendish Square Holding BV v Makdessi; ParkingEye Ltd v Beavis (Consumers’ Association Intervening), (the Cavendish case) in 2015, the...

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Dignity or Equality?

Susanne Baer.

in Directions in Sexual Harassment Law

November 2003; p ublished online October 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Employment and Labour Law. 9112 words.

This chapter discusses the legal reactions to sexual harassment in Europe, particularly in the European Union and in Germany. These reactions have been based on dignity as the fundamental...

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Trade sanctions and export controls: A multi-jurisdictional analysis for the energy sector

Paul D. Burns, Brian Cacic, Nicholas F. Coward, Ross Denton, Edrick Guo, Eugene Lim, Sylwia A. Lis and Sunny Mann.

in The Journal of World Energy Law & Business

July 2010; p ublished online July 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Environment and Energy Law. 14162 words.

Gender Discrimination under EU and ECHR Law: Never Shall the Twain Meet?

Samantha Besson.

in Human Rights Law Review

January 2008; p ublished online October 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Human Rights and Immigration. 17817 words.

Gender discrimination is addressed differently under Article 14 ECHR and EU primary and secondary legal provisions. This is no wonder, since the role and scope of non-discrimination law in...

Market Fundamentalisms: Business Ethics at the Altar of Human Rights

Upendra Baxi.

in Human Rights Law Review

January 2005; p ublished online January 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Human Rights and Immigration. 11900 words.

In this article the author explores what he terms ‘an emergent trade-related, market-friendly paradigm of human rights’, in contrast to the paradigm of human rights enshrined in the...

On the Recent Development of International Law: Some Russian Perspectives

Sergei Yu. Marochkin.

in Chinese Journal of International Law

November 2009; p ublished online October 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: International Law. 8510 words.

There are some new features and new trends in the development of international law at the beginning of the new century and new millennium. The relatively short historical period of 60 years...

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The European Union and Human Rights: Towards A Post-National Human Rights Institution?

Samantha Besson.

in Human Rights Law Review

January 2006; p ublished online July 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Human Rights and Immigration. 17859 words.

There is growing evidence that the European Union (EU) is becoming more involved in human rights protection and has the capacity to turn into an unprecedented post-national human rights...

Long-term natural gas contracts and antitrust law in the European Union and the United States

Kim Talus.

in The Journal of World Energy Law & Business

September 2011; p ublished online August 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Environment and Energy Law. 36741 words.

Long-term natural gas contracts and their specific features are at the forefront of legal and policy discussions around the world. Issues like oil price indexation and price reviews,...