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virus

Overview page. Subjects: Computing.

Program code written to replicate by attaching copies of itself to other objects within the system, and normally also having a detrimental effect. This may range from generation of...

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virus

Bryan A. Garner.

in Garner’s Modern English Usage

January 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Language Reference. 3 words.

Pl. viruses.

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virus

Edited by Jeremy Butterfield.

in Fowler’s Concise Dictionary of Modern English Usage

January 2016; p ublished online September 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Language Reference. 34 words.

has the plural form viruses. In computing, a virus is a self-replicating program that harms other systems. It is

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virus

Edited by Robert Allen.

in Pocket Fowler's Modern English Usage

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Language Reference. 34 words.

has the plural form viruses. In computing, a virus is a self-replicating program that harms other systems. It is

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Viruses

Nicholas P. Money.

in Microbiology: A Very Short Introduction

December 2014; p ublished online December 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biological Sciences; Microbiology. 4223 words.

‘Viruses’ explains that millions of people die from interacting with viruses every year, but beyond the effects of viruses on human health, the lives of all organisms and the cycling of...

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virus

Edited by Jeremy Butterfield.

in Fowler’s Dictionary of Modern English Usage

January 2015; p ublished online June 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Language Reference. 66 words.

Plural viruses. See -us 4. A computer virus is ‘an unauthorized self-replicating [computer] program that can interfere with or destroy other programs, and can transfer itself to other...

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Viruses

Simon M. Fox, Angela M. Minassian, Thomas Rawlinson and Brian J. Angus.

in OSH Infection in the Immunocompromised Host

November 2018; p ublished online October 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Infectious Diseases. 12817 words.

Viral infections are particularly important in the immunocompromised and are a leading cause of death in solid organ transplantation and haematopoietic stem cell transplantation. They...

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virus

Robert C. King, William D. Stansfield and Pamela K. Mulligan.

in A Dictionary of Genetics

January 2007; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics. 363 words.

an ultramicroscopic, obligate, intracellular parasite incapable of autonomous replication. Viruses can reproduce only by entering a host cell and using

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virus

Robert C. King, Pamela K. Mulligan and William D. Stansfield.

in A Dictionary of Genetics

January 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics. 423 words.

an ultramicroscopic, obligate, intracellular parasite incapable of autonomous replication. Viruses can reproduce only by entering a host cell and using

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virus

in Concise Medical Dictionary

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health. 102 words.

n. a minute particle that is capable of replication but only within living cells. Viruses are too small to be

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Viruses

Edward C. Holmes.

in Encyclopedia of Evolution

January 2002; p ublished online January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology. 3907 words.

Viruses are common intracellular parasites. Their success is such that perhaps every species of cellular life is susceptible to one

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virus

Edited by Richard Cammack, Teresa Atwood, Peter Campbell, Howard Parish, Anthony Smith, Frank Vella and John Stirling.

in Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

January 2006; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Biochemistry. 202 words.

a noncellular infective agent that reproduces only in an appropriate host cell. Viruses are typically smaller than bacteria, and can

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virus

Edited by T. F. Hoad.

in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology

January 1996; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History of English. 28 words.

venom XVI; (path.) poison of a disease XVIII. — L. vīrus, rel. to OIr. poison, Gr. īós venom,

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virus

Elizabeth Martin.

in The New Oxford Dictionary for Scientific Writers and Editors

January 2009; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Language Reference. 175 words.

Adjectival form: viral.

A system of classifying and naming viruses has been developed by the International Committee on Taxonomy

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virus

in World Encyclopedia

P ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: General Studies. 131 words.

Submicroscopic infectious organism. Viruses vary in size from ten to 300 nanometres, and contain only genetic material in the form

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Viruses

M. Estée Török, Fiona J. Cooke and Ed Moran.

in Oxford Handbook of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology

December 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Medical Microbiology and Virology. 38671 words.

This chapter provides an overview of viruses, starting with the basics of virology, before moving on to a systematic overview of each virus, covering important aspects of epidemiology,...

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virus

Andrew Butterfield and John Szymanski.

in A Dictionary of Electronics and Electrical Engineering

June 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Electronic Engineering. 66 words.

A program or piece of code that is loaded onto a computer without the user’s knowledge and runs against the user’s wishes. All computer viruses are man-made and can replicate themselves....

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virus

Julia Cresswell.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Word Origins

January 2009; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History of English. 68 words.

[LME]

A virus was originally the venom of a snake, and was an English borrowing of a Latin word meaning

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virus

Edited by Robert Hine.

in A Dictionary of Biology

April 2019; p ublished online April 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Biological Sciences. 218 words.

A particle that is too small to be seen with a light microscope or to be trapped by filters but is capable of independent metabolism and reproduction within a living cell. Outside its host...

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virus

Edited by Elizabeth Martin and Robert Hine.

in A Dictionary of Biology

June 2016; p ublished online September 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Biological Sciences. 218 words.

A particle that is too small to be seen with a light microscope or to be trapped by filters but is capable of independent metabolism and reproduction within a living cell. Outside its host...

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Viruses

Chris Boshoff.

in Oxford Textbook of Oncology

January 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Oncology; Radiation Oncology. 3994 words.

This chapter covers the relationship between viruses and cancer, which account for up to 15% of all human cancers. It discusses the aetiology of cancer regarding herpesviruses, Epstein-Barr...

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