Oxford Index Search Results

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virus

Overview page. Subjects: Computing.

Program code written to replicate by attaching copies of itself to other objects within the system, and normally also having a detrimental effect. This may range from generation of...

See overview in Oxford Index

Viruses

Chris Boshoff.

in Oxford Textbook of Oncology

January 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Oncology; Radiation Oncology. 3994 words.

This chapter covers the relationship between viruses and cancer, which account for up to 15% of all human cancers. It discusses the aetiology of cancer regarding herpesviruses, Epstein-Barr...

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Viruses and Hodgkin's lymphoma

R. F. Jarrett.

in Annals of Oncology

April 2002; p ublished online April 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Oncology. 0 words.

Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) is unusual among human malignancies in that the epidemiology suggests an infectious aetiology. The Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) is associated with a proportion of cases...

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Epstein–Barr virus in Hodgkin's disease

A. L. N. Chapman and A. B. Rickinson.

in Annals of Oncology

January 1998; p ublished online January 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Oncology. 0 words.

Summary

Epstein–Barr virus (EBV), a B-lymphotropic herpesvirus widespread in human populations, is carried by most individuals as an asymptomatic lifelong...

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Hepatitis E virus: a zoonosis adapting to humans

Florian Bihl and Francesco Negro.

in Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

May 2010; p ublished online March 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Oncology; Critical Care. 3135 words.

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is gaining global attention, not only because of the increasing burden of the disease in low endemicity countries, in terms of morbidity and mortality...

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Cancers in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Children

Brigitta U. Mueller.

in JNCI Monographs

April 1998; p ublished online April 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Oncology. 4297 words.

Although the exact incidence of cancers in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected children is not clear, an excess of non-Hodgkin's lymphomas and soft tissue tumors as well as a ...

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Treatment of medulloblastoma with a modified measles virus

Adam W. Studebaker, Cole R. Kreofsky, Christopher R. Pierson, Stephen J. Russell, Evanthia Galanis and Corey Raffel.

in Neuro-Oncology

October 2010; p ublished online May 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Oncology; Neurology. 4941 words.

Although treatment of medulloblastoma has improved, at least 30% of patients with this tumor die of progressive disease. Unfortunately, many of the children who survive suffer long-term...

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Epstein–Barr virus infections: prospects for treatment

Edward Gershburg and Joseph S. Pagano.

in Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

August 2005; p ublished online July 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Oncology; Critical Care. 4162 words.

Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) causes infectious mononucleosis and oral hairy leucoplakia, and is associated with a number of malignancies. There are, however, no regulatory agency-approved...

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Herpes simplex virus: the importance of asymptomatic shedding

D. M. Koelle and A. Wald.

in Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

April 2000; p ublished online April 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Oncology; Critical Care. 0 words.

Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is frequently shed after infection of the genital or perianal area. HSV shedding, as determined by culture, occurs on about 3% of days for immunocompetent women...

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Directly acting antivirals against hepatitis C virus

Vincent Soriano, Eugenia Vispo, Eva Poveda, Pablo Labarga, Luz Martin-Carbonero, Jose Vicente Fernandez-Montero and Pablo Barreiro.

in Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

August 2011; p ublished online June 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Oncology; Critical Care. 9778 words.

The approval of directly acting antivirals (DAA) for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection will represent a major breakthrough for the 180 million persons infected...

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Glioma virus therapies between bench and bedside

Johanna K. Kaufmann and E. Antonio Chiocca.

in Neuro-Oncology

March 2014; p ublished online January 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Oncology; Neurology. 12575 words.

Despite extensive research, current glioma therapies are still unsatisfactory, and novel approaches are pressingly needed. In recent years, both nonreplicative viral vectors and replicating...

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Regulation of Telomerase and Telomeres: Human Tumor Viruses Take Control

Marcia Bellon and Christophe Nicot.

in JNCI: Journal of the National Cancer Institute

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Oncology. 7533 words.

Human tumor viruses are responsible for one-fifth of all cancers worldwide. These viruses have evolved multiple strategies to evade immune defenses and to persist in the host by...

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Strategies to reduce the risk of virus-related cancers

S. Franceschi.

in Annals of Oncology

September 2000; p ublished online September 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Oncology. 0 words.

Background: Experimental and epidemiological evidence has established an association between at least eight viruses and various cancer sites. Recent estimates (at least 10% of...

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Reactivation of Hepatitis B Virus in Patients Receiving Chemotherapy

Masafumi Ikeda.

in Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology

January 2013; p ublished online November 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Oncology. 4806 words.

In patients undergoing chemotherapy for the treatment of malignant disease, the reactivation of hepatitis B virus in hepatitis B surface antigen-positive patients has been frequently...

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Immunotherapy for Epstein-Barr Virus-Associated Cancers

Cliona M. Rooney, Marie A. Roskrow, Colton A. Smith, Malcolm K. Brenner and Helen E. Heslop.

in JNCI Monographs

April 1998; p ublished online April 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Oncology. 3335 words.

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated lymphoproliferative disease (EBV-LPD) is a frequently fatal complication of organ transplantation and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. ...

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Detection of Epstein-Barr Virus in Invasive Breast Cancers

Mathilde Bonnet, Jean-Marc Guinebretiere, Elisabeth Kremmer, Virginie Grunewald, Ellen Benhamou, Genevieve Contesso and Irene Joab.

in JNCI: Journal of the National Cancer Institute

August 1999; p ublished online August 1999 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Oncology. 5290 words.

BACKGROUND: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) may be a cofactor in the development of different malignancies, including several types of carcinomas. In this study, we investigated the presence of...

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T-cell therapy of cytomegalovirus and human immunodeficiency virus infection

S. R. Riddell and P. D. Greenberg.

in Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

April 2000; p ublished online April 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Oncology; Critical Care. 0 words.

Acute and persistent virus infections are limited by the development and maintenance of host T-cell responses to viral antigens. Individuals with congenital or acquired immunodeficiencies...

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Hepatitis B virus escape mutants induced by antiviral therapy

Julie Sheldon and Vincent Soriano.

in Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

April 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Oncology; Critical Care. 1458 words.

The hepatitis B virus (HBV) polymerase and envelope genes overlap in such a way that resistance mutations to antiviral agents in the reverse transcriptase gene may affect the antigenicity...

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Hodgkin's Disease in the Setting of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection

Alexandra M. Levine.

in JNCI Monographs

April 1998; p ublished online April 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Oncology. 5738 words.

Although Hodgkin's disease (HD) is not usually associated with congenital or acquired immunodeficiency disorders, recent evidence would suggest a statistically significant increase in...

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From hepatitis C virus infection to B-cell lymphoma

L Couronné, E Bachy, S Roulland, B Nadel, F Davi, M Armand, D Canioni, J M Michot, C Visco, L Arcaini, C Besson and O Hermine.

in Annals of Oncology

January 2018; p ublished online October 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Oncology. 5803 words.

Abstract

In addition to liver disorders, hepatitis C virus (HCV) is also associated with extrahepatic immune manifestations and B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma...

Management of Cervical Neoplasia in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Women

Mitchell Maiman.

in JNCI Monographs

April 1998; p ublished online April 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Oncology. 5808 words.

The existence of cervical neoplasia in women with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) represents one of the most serious challenges in the oncologic care of immunosuppressed patients. ...

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