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virus

Overview page. Subjects: Computing.

Program code written to replicate by attaching copies of itself to other objects within the system, and normally also having a detrimental effect. This may range from generation of...

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Use of the International Classification of Diseases, 9th revision, coding in identifying chronic hepatitis B virus infection in health system data: implications for national surveillance

Reena Mahajan, Anne C Moorman, Stephen J Liu, Loralee Rupp, R Monina Klevens, Scott D Holmberg, Eyasu H Teshale, Philip R Spradling, Anne C Moorman, Stuart C Gordon, David R Nerenz, Mei Lu, Lois Lamerato, Loralee B Rupp, Nonna Akkerman, Nancy Oja-Tebbe, Chad M Cogan, Dana Larkin, Joseph A Boscarino, Zahra S Daar, Joe B Leader, Robert E Smith, Cynthia C Nakasato, Vinutha Vijayadeva, Kelly E Sylva, John V Parker, Mark M Schmidt, Kaiser Permanente-Hawaii, Emily M Henkle, Tracy L Dodge and Erin M Keast.

in Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association

May 2013; p ublished online March 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Statistics and Methodology; Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Biomathematics and Statistics. 3986 words.

Abstract

Objective With increasing use electronic health records (EHR) in the USA, we looked at the predictive values of the International...

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The Effect of Ebola Virus Disease on Health Outcomes and Systems in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone

John D. Kraemer and Mark J. Siedner.

in Global Management of Infectious Disease After Ebola

November 2016; p ublished online October 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Statistics and Methodology; Public Health and Epidemiology. 8681 words.

In chapter 3, John D. Kraemer and J. Mark Siedner map the effect of the Ebola epidemic on health outcomes and systems in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. The chapter provides a...

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Causal Inference

Noel S. Weiss.

in Exercises in Epidemiology

December 2016; p ublished online December 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Statistics and Methodology. 5052 words.

This chapter introduces the concept of causal inference in epidemiology. Students can practice what they have learned in class with 19 questions based on real-world examples, and then use...

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Rates and Proportions

Noel S. Weiss.

in Exercises in Epidemiology

December 2016; p ublished online December 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Statistics and Methodology. 5648 words.

This chapter introduces the concept of rates and proportions in epidemiology. Students can practice what they have learned in class with 26 questions based on real-world examples, and then...

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Neurologic diseases

C. A. Molgaard, A. L. Golbeck and J. F. Rothrock.

in Teaching Epidemiology

March 2015; p ublished online June 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Statistics and Methodology. 6332 words.

Neuroepidemiology has been defined as the study of the distribution and determinants of neurologic diseases and injuries at the population level. In this chapter several examples of...

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Infectious Agents

Silvia Franceschi, Hashem B. El-Serag, David Forman, Robert Newton and Martyn Plummer.

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

November 2017; p ublished online December 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Statistics and Methodology; Public Health and Epidemiology. 28748 words.

Eleven infectious agents (seven viruses, three parasites, and one bacterium) have been classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer as carcinogenic to humans for one or...

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Introduction

Sam F. Halabi, Lawrence O. Gostin and Jeffrey S. Crowley.

in Global Management of Infectious Disease After Ebola

November 2016; p ublished online October 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Statistics and Methodology; Public Health and Epidemiology. 8101 words.

pubepiEpidemiologypubpubPublic Health

The Ebola virus disease epidemic in West Africa has provided another searing reminder that the fight against emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases is...

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Prevention of Infection-Related Cancers

Marc Bulterys, Julia Brotherton and Ding-Shinn Chen.

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

November 2017; p ublished online December 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Statistics and Methodology; Public Health and Epidemiology. 5029 words.

This chapter discusses primary prevention measures that disrupt transmission of oncogenic infections. It begins by discussing vaccination against hepatitis B virus (HBV) and human...

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Liver Cancer

W. Thomas London, Jessica L. Petrick and Katherine A. McGlynn.

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

November 2017; p ublished online December 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Statistics and Methodology; Public Health and Epidemiology. 32209 words.

Primary liver cancer is the sixth most frequently occurring cancer in the world and the second most common in terms of cancer deaths. The global burden of liver cancer is borne principally...

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Cancer of the Liver and Biliary Tract

Christina Bamia, Sherri Stuver and Lorelei Mucci.

in Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

January 2018; p ublished online February 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Statistics and Methodology; Public Health and Epidemiology. 22131 words.

Primary liver cancer is one of the most commonly occurring cancers globally, and is the second most common cause of cancer death worldwide. There are two major histologic forms of primary...

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Leukemias

Eve Roman, Alexandra Smith and Lorelei Mucci.

in Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

January 2018; p ublished online February 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Statistics and Methodology; Public Health and Epidemiology. 10494 words.

Leukemias are a diverse group of acute and chronic haematological malignancies, that account for 2% to 3% of cancers globally. Recent advances in molecular biology and therapy have...

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Primary Prevention of Cancer

Michael J. Thun, Martha S. Linet, James R. Cerhan, Christopher Haiman and David Schottenfeld.

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

November 2017; p ublished online December 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Statistics and Methodology; Public Health and Epidemiology. 228 words.

Primary prevention has enormous potential to reduce the human, social, and economic costs of cancer worldwide. The following sections discuss the development and application of preventive...

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Nasopharyngeal Cancer

Ellen T. Chang and Allan Hildesheim.

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

November 2017; p ublished online December 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Statistics and Methodology; Public Health and Epidemiology. 18370 words.

The main epithelial malignancy arising in the nasopharynx is nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Although rare throughout most of the world, NPC has a unique geographic distribution, with...

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Framework for Understanding Cancer Prevention

Michael J. Thun, Christopher P. Wild and Graham Colditz.

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

November 2017; p ublished online December 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Statistics and Methodology; Public Health and Epidemiology. 12864 words.

The worldwide increase in the number of people affected by cancer and the costs of cancer care has increased the urgency of efforts to translate knowledge about the causes of cancer into...

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Ethical Challenges in the Development and Deployment of Medical Therapies and Vaccines in the Context of Public Health Emergencies

Annick Antierens.

in Global Management of Infectious Disease After Ebola

November 2016; p ublished online October 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Statistics and Methodology; Public Health and Epidemiology. 6285 words.

In chapter 12, Annick Antierens provides an extensive account of how medical therapies and candidate vaccines were developed for Ebola virus disease, the financial and governmental...

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Oral and Pharyngeal Cancer

Jennifer R. Rider, Paul Brennan and Pagona Lagiou.

in Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

January 2018; p ublished online February 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Statistics and Methodology; Public Health and Epidemiology. 13679 words.

This chapter covers cancer of the oral cavity and the oropharynx, which includes the base of the tongue, soft palate, tonsils, and back and side walls of the throat. Many important risk...

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Cervical Cancer

Karin Sundström, Joakim Dillner and Hans-Olov Adami.

in Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

January 2018; p ublished online February 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Statistics and Methodology; Public Health and Epidemiology. 12430 words.

Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer among women worldwide, with at least half a million women developing the disease each year. This chapter details the significance of...

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Hodgkin Lymphoma

Henrik Hjalgrim, Mads Melbye and Pagona Lagiou.

in Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

January 2018; p ublished online February 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Statistics and Methodology; Public Health and Epidemiology. 11528 words.

The descriptive epidemiology of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) has demonstrated marked variation by age, sex, social class, and time, strongly suggesting both a role of environmental factors and the...

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Nasopharyngeal Cancer

Ellen T. Chang and Hans-Olov Adami.

in Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

January 2018; p ublished online February 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Statistics and Methodology; Public Health and Epidemiology. 15288 words.

The distinctive global incidence patterns and risk factors for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) make this a unique malignancy that represents an epidemiologic challenge. NPC is rare...

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Dying of the Mundane in the Time of Ebola

Mit Philips.

in The Politics of Fear

March 2017; p ublished online February 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology; Medical Statistics and Methodology. 10557 words.

This chapter focuses on the impact of the Ebola epidemic on the general health of people in Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea. It provides an overview of the epidemic’s ramifications on the...

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