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virus

Overview page. Subjects: Computing.

Program code written to replicate by attaching copies of itself to other objects within the system, and normally also having a detrimental effect. This may range from generation of...

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Headache Treatment in Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection and Drug Addiction

Lawrence C. Newman and Morris Levin.

in Headache and Facial Pain

November 2008; p ublished online April 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Pain Medicine. 990 words.

Headaches in patients with active HIV infection may stem from a number of causes, including primary headaches unrelated to HIV. Diagnostic approaches are outlined. This chapter also...

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Symptom control and clinical scenarios in palliative care

Max Watson, Karen O’Reilly and Chantal Simon.

in Pain and Palliation

P ublished online May 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Primary Care; Pain Medicine. 27373 words.

A–Z index of palliative care symptoms/scenarios - Emergencies - Pain control - Use of steroids - General debility - Anorexia and cachexia - Mouth problems - Dysphagia - Nausea and vomiting -...

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Chronic Chest Wall Pain in Postherpetic Neuralgia

Kenneth D. Candido, Teresa M. Kusper and Nebojsa Nick Knezevic.

in Pain Management

May 2018; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Anaesthetics. 4488 words.

Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is a debilitating condition that frequently arises after herpes zoster (HZ) caused by the varicella-zoster virus. It is characterized by severe neuropathic pain...

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Pioneering use of gene therapy for pain

Vadym Biloshytsky and Roman Cregg.

in Landmark Papers in Pain

July 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology. 1130 words.

The landmark paper discussed in this chapter is ‘Gene therapy for pain: Results of a Phase I clinical trial’, published by Fink et al. in 2011. In this study, the first of its kind,...

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Postherpetic Neuralgia

Srinivasa N. Raja, Ronen Shechter and Raimy Amasha.

in Pain Medicine

April 2015; p ublished online July 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Anaesthetics; Neurology. 16999 words.

This chapter presents a clinical case of an acute herpes zoster (HZ) or shingles attack. HZ is a disease state caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV) when the virus is reactivated from...

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HIV Polyneuropathy

Hersimren Basi.

in Neuropathic Pain

December 2018; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Anaesthetics; Neurology. 5546 words.

HIV polyneuropathy has become increasingly common as a neurological disorder associated with AIDS over the recent years. Patients frequently experience paresthesias, pain, numbness, and...

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Metabolic, Endocrine, and Other Toxic Neuropathies

Amanda Peltier and Justin C. McArthur.

in Neuropathic Pain

June 2012; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Anaesthetics; Pain Medicine. 7353 words.

THIS CHAPTER WILL review the more common causes of peripheral nerve toxicity, specifically their clinical features, differential diagnosis, and management. Diabetes mellitus and nerve...

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Herpes Zoster and Postherpetic Neuralgia

Jianguo Cheng.

in Neuropathic Pain

December 2018; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Anaesthetics; Neurology. 2844 words.

Herpes zoster is caused by reactivation of the latent varicella zoster virus (VZV) that causes chicken pox. VZV remains dormant in the dorsal root and cranial ganglia and can reactivate...

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