Oxford Index Search Results

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virus

Overview page. Subjects: Computing.

Program code written to replicate by attaching copies of itself to other objects within the system, and normally also having a detrimental effect. This may range from generation of...

See overview in Oxford Index

Persistent viruses

Dorothy H. Crawford.

in Viruses: A Very Short Introduction

March 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Microbiology and Virology; Microbiology. 4614 words.

‘Persistent viruses’ explains how some viruses have evolved strategies for overcoming immune mechanisms and survive inside their host for prolonged periods, even for a lifetime. Evasion...

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Tumour viruses

Dorothy H. Crawford.

in Viruses: A Very Short Introduction

March 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Microbiology and Virology; Microbiology. 4738 words.

One in three people develop cancer during their lives and 10–20 per cent of human cancers are linked to viruses. ‘Tumour viruses’ shows how viral oncogenes have been instrumental in...

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Foodborne viruses

Marion Koopmans, Carl-Henrik von Bonsdorff, Jan Vinjé, Dario de Medici and Steve Monroe.

in FEMS Microbiology Reviews

June 2002; p ublished online January 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Microbiology and Virology; Biotechnology; Genetics and Genomics; Microbiology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 14349 words.

Abstract

Foodborne and waterborne viral infections are increasingly recognized as causes of illness in humans. This increase is partly explained by changes...

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What are viruses?

Dorothy H. Crawford.

in Viruses: A Very Short Introduction

March 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Microbiology and Virology; Microbiology. 3411 words.

‘What are viruses?’ introduces viruses and their structure. Martinus Beijerinck, in 1898, was the first to coin the term ‘virus’, and invention of the electron microscope in the late 1930s...

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Emerging virus infections

Dorothy H. Crawford.

in Viruses: A Very Short Introduction

March 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Microbiology and Virology; Microbiology. 4613 words.

The term ‘emerging virus infection’ refers to both the emergence of an infectious disease caused by a virus that is new to the species it infects, and to a re-emerging infection, meaning...

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Emerging virus infections

Dorothy H. Crawford.

in Viruses: A Very Short Introduction

March 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Microbiology and Virology; Microbiology. 2873 words.

Arboviruses are generally transmitted by small biting insects such as mosquitoes. These insects are not just passive carriers of the viruses, but are required by the viruses to complete...

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Viruses are everywhere

Dorothy H. Crawford.

in Viruses: A Very Short Introduction

March 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Microbiology and Virology; Microbiology. 1846 words.

‘Viruses are everywhere’ describes the ‘virosphere’—the huge virus biomass of enormous variety and complexity in the environment. Viruses are the most numerous microbes on Earth with an...

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Influenza B Virus Encephalitis

Jonathan A. McCullers, Sergio Facchini, P. Joan Chesney and Robert G. Webster.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

April 1999; p ublished online April 1999 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 0 words.

Acute encephalitis and postinfectious encephalopathy have been reported infrequently in association with influenza A and B virus infections. We report herein a case of a 6-year-old girl...

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Viruses, cancer and aids

Robin A. Weiss.

in FEMS Immunology & Medical Microbiology

December 1999; p ublished online January 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Microbiology and Virology; Biotechnology; Genetics and Genomics; Microbiology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 2952 words.

Abstract

Patients with AIDS are at risk of lymphoma and Kaposi's sarcoma. These tumours are associated with the gamma herpesviruses, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)...

Dual Respiratory Virus Infections

Ashley L. Drews, Robert L. Atmar, W. Paul Glezen, Barbara D. Baxter, Pedro A. Piedra and Stephen B. Greenberg.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

December 1997; p ublished online December 1997 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 0 words.

We retrospectively reviewed eight prospective epidemiological studies conducted between 1991 and 1995 for dual respiratory virus infection (DRVI) to determine the frequency, associated...

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Ecology of prokaryotic viruses

Markus G. Weinbauer.

in FEMS Microbiology Reviews

May 2004; p ublished online January 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Microbiology and Virology; Biotechnology; Genetics and Genomics; Microbiology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 43034 words.

Abstract

The finding that total viral abundance is higher than total prokaryotic abundance and that a significant fraction of the prokaryotic community is...

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Viruses past, present, and future

Dorothy H. Crawford.

in Viruses: A Very Short Introduction

March 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Microbiology and Virology; Microbiology. 2041 words.

‘Viruses past, present, and future’ looks at the changing pattern of virus infections through the ages and speculates about how humans and viruses might interact in the future. Viruses,...

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Viruses: A Very Short Introduction

Dorothy H. Crawford.

March 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Book. Subjects: Medical Microbiology and Virology; Microbiology. 176 pages.

Viruses: A Very Short Introduction outlines the origins, structure, and method of infection of a vast variety of viruses and demonstrates how clever these entities appear to...

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Reciprocal Interactions Between Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Hepatitis C Virus Infections

Hervé Zylberberg and Stanislas Pol.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

November 1996; p ublished online November 1996 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 0 words.

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) share the same routes of transmission, which explains the high rate of HCV and HIV coinfection (∽9%). HIV/HCV...

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Prevalence of GB virus C/hepatitis G virus in Hungary

Mária Takács, Katalin N. Szomor, Andrea Szendroöi, Ágnes Dencs, Judit Brojnás, Erzsébet Rusvai and György Berencsi.

in FEMS Immunology & Medical Microbiology

December 2002; p ublished online January 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Microbiology and Virology; Biotechnology; Genetics and Genomics; Microbiology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 2326 words.

Abstract

In 1995 a new flavivirus, GB virus C/hepatitis G virus (GBV-C/HGV), was discovered. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of the...

GB Virus C/Hepatitis G Virus Infection in Southern China

Rong-Rong Wu, Masashi Mizokami, Kun Cao, Tatsunori Nakano, Xian-Min Ge, Su-Seng Wang, Etsuro Orito, Ken-ichi Ohba, Motokazu Mukaide, Kazumasa Hikiji, Johnson Y. N. Lau and Shiro Iino.

in The Journal of Infectious Diseases

January 1997; p ublished online January 1997 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 0 words.

The prevalence of GB virus C/hepatitis G virus (GBV-C/HGV) infection among intravenous drug users (IVDUs), patients with liver diseases, and blood donors in Nanning, southern China was...

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Hepatitis C Virus/Human Immunodeficiency Virus Coinfection: Clinical Management Issues

Michael A. Poles, Douglas T. Dieterich and Kenneth H. Mayer.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

July 2000; p ublished online July 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 6312 words.

The use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has extended the healthy lifespan of patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV); deaths among people with AIDS...

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Incident Hepatitis C Virus in Women with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection

M. Augenbraun, J. J. Goedert, D. Thomas, J. Feldman, E. C. Seaberg, A. L. French, E. Robison, M. Nowicki and N. Terrault.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

November 2003; p ublished online November 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 4190 words.

Individuals infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) are frequently coinfected with hepatitis C virus (HCV). Acute HCV infection is often asymptomatic and poorly...

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BK Virus: A Clinical Review

Mark D. Reploeg, Gregory A. Storch and David B. Clifford.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

July 2001; p ublished online July 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 9944 words.

We present a review of the clinically oriented literature about BK virus, a relative of JC virus, which is the etiologic agent of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). The...

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Sapporo Virus: History and Recent Findings

Shunzo Chiba, Shuji Nakata, Kazuko Numata-Kinoshita and Shinjiro Honma.

in The Journal of Infectious Diseases

May 2000; p ublished online May 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 3479 words.

Morphologically distinct caliciviruses of human origin were first found in stools of children with gastroenteritis in 1976. Sapporo virus, or human calicivirus Sapporo, with typical surface...

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