Oxford Index Search Results

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virus

Overview page. Subjects: Computing.

Program code written to replicate by attaching copies of itself to other objects within the system, and normally also having a detrimental effect. This may range from generation of...

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Viruses

Chris Boshoff.

in Oxford Textbook of Oncology

January 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Oncology; Radiation Oncology. 3994 words.

This chapter covers the relationship between viruses and cancer, which account for up to 15% of all human cancers. It discusses the aetiology of cancer regarding herpesviruses, Epstein-Barr...

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Association Between Hepatitis C Virus and Head and Neck Cancers

Parag Mahale, Erich M. Sturgis, David J. Tweardy, Ella J. Ariza-Heredia and Harrys A. Torres.

in JNCI: Journal of the National Cancer Institute

P ublished online April 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Oncology; Radiation Oncology; Surgical Oncology. 6557 words.

Background: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with hepatocellular carcinoma and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. In 2009, MD Anderson established the first US clinic for...

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Prevalence and significance of plasma Epstein-Barr Virus DNA level in nasopharyngeal carcinoma

Anussara Prayongrat, Chakkapong Chakkabat, Danita Kannarunimit, Pokrath Hansasuta and Chawalit Lertbutsayanukul.

in Journal of Radiation Research

July 2017; p ublished online February 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Clinical Genetics; Molecular Biology and Genetics; Epidemiology; Radiology; Nuclear Chemistry, Photochemistry, and Radiation. 3441 words.

Abstract

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA has been recognized as a promising tumor marker for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). This study aims to demonstrate the...

Clinical Characteristics and Treatment Outcome in a Taiwanese Population of Patients with Epstein–Barr Virus-positive Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma

Chang-Hsien Lu, Kam-Fai Lee, Chih-Cheng Chen, Yi-Yang Chen, Cih-En Huang, Pei-Shan Tsai, Hsing-Yi Tsou, Hui-Ju Chou, Miao-Fen Chen, Pin-Tsung Chen, Kuan-Der Lee and Jrhau Lung.

in Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology

December 2014; p ublished online October 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Clinical Medicine; Medical Oncology; Radiation Oncology; Surgical Oncology. 4386 words.

Objective

Epstein–Barr virus-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma is a provisional entity in the 2008 World Health Organization classification of tumors of...

Oncolytic Virus Approved To Treat Melanoma

Charlie Schmidt.

in JNCI: Journal of the National Cancer Institute

P ublished online April 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Oncology; Radiation Oncology; Surgical Oncology. 1001 words.

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Case 2.28

Christine U. Lee and James F. Glockner.

in Mayo Clinic Body MRI Case Review

July 2014; p ublished online July 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Radiology. 357 words.

57-year-old man with history of chronic hepatitis B virus infection

Axial multiecho (TEs of 2.4, 6.3, 10.0, and 14.2 ms) GRE images (Figure 2.28.1) demonstrate...

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Early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma: the percutaneous approach

Venus Hedayati.

in Challenging Concepts in Interventional Radiology and Endovascular Procedures

August 2015; p ublished online October 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Radiology. 3361 words.

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most common cancer. The majority of hepatocellular cancers occur in patients with established liver cirrhosis. The most common causes of...

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Viral carcinogenesis

Dirk P. Dittmer and Blossom Damania.

in Oxford Textbook of Cancer Biology

May 2019; p ublished online April 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Radiation Oncology. 6625 words.

Between 20 and 30% of human cancers are caused by infectious agents. These can be multicellular parasites, bacteria, or viruses. Whereas bacteria and parasites cause cancer by indirect...

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HIV related cancer

Edited by Mike Tadman and Dave Roberts.

in Oxford Handbook of Cancer Nursing

March 2007; p ublished online August 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Radiation Oncology. 1175 words.

HIV related malignancies 446

Nursing management issues 448

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) represents the worst...

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HIV-associated malignancies

Kate Smith.

in Challenging Concepts in Oncology

April 2015; p ublished online July 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Radiation Oncology. 4824 words.

The case history outlines the diagnostic and management challenges of treating immunosuppression-associated malignancies, using, as example, a patient newly diagnosed with HIV and human...

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HIV-related malignancies

Edited by Mike Tadman, Dave Roberts and Mark Foulkes.

in Oxford Handbook of Cancer Nursing

June 2019; p ublished online May 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Nursing Studies; Radiation Oncology. 1394 words.

A brief overview of the history of the development of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in international populations is considered, before describing the current treatment with...

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Cancer prevention

Sarah E.B. Goltz and Julian Lob-Levyt.

in Oxford Textbook of Oncology

January 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Oncology; Radiation Oncology. 4359 words.

This chapter describes the increasingly critical role of cancer vaccines in preventing, and potentially even treating, cancers in all resource settings. At this time, there are three cancer...

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Cancer prevention

Sarah E.B. Goltz and Julian Lob-Levyt.

in Oxford Textbook of Oncology

January 2016; p ublished online May 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Oncology; Radiation Oncology. 4316 words.

This chapter describes the increasingly critical role of cancer vaccines in preventing, and potentially even treating, cancers in all resource settings. At this time, there are three cancer...

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The impact of immunization on cancer control: the example of HPV vaccination

Ann Burchell and Eduardo Franco1.

in Cancer Control

January 2010; p ublished online May 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Oncology; Radiation Oncology. 14765 words.

Chapter 6 reviews briefly the role of infections as causal agents in cancer, describes anti-hepatitis B virus (HBV) immunization as the first cancer vaccine paradigm, and finally focuses on...

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Viral platforms for expression of tumor antigens in cancer immunotherapy

Karishma Rajani, Vanessa Alonso-Camino, Nicolas Boisgerault and Richard Vile.

in Tumor Immunology and Immunotherapy

May 2014; p ublished online July 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Immunology; Radiation Oncology. 7429 words.

In the field of cancer virotherapy, many efforts are now focused on enhancing the immune response together with the direct lysis of tumor cells or inducement of apoptosis. One of the...

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Anal cancer

Debashis Biswas and Thankamma Ajithkumar.

in Oxford Case Histories in Oncology

February 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Radiation Oncology; Palliative Medicine. 1581 words.

The incidence of anal cancer is increasing globally. The two important risk factors of anal cancer are human papilloma virus (HPV) infection and immunosuppression. 50% of patients present...

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Programming the immune system through childhood infections: MUC1 tumor-associated antigen (TAA) as a disease-associated antigen (DAA)

Uzoma K Iheagwara, Pamela L Beatty, Bianca Su-Wan Chan, Lora H Rigatti, Ted Ross and Olivera J Finn.

in Tumor Immunology and Immunotherapy

May 2014; p ublished online July 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Immunology; Radiation Oncology. 6692 words.

There is ample evidence that the immune system recognizes cancer as abnormal and halts tumor growth or eliminates tumors through recognition of tumor antigens, abnormally expressed...

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Modulation of the adaptive immune system through chronic inflammation and T-regulatory responses

Angus G Dalgleish.

in Tumor Immunology and Immunotherapy

May 2014; p ublished online July 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Immunology; Radiation Oncology. 6734 words.

It is well known that the immune response is necessary to identify and eliminate tumors before they are able to establish themselves. However, there is a clear association between chronic...

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Bronchiolitis

Brent P. Little and Travis S. Henry.

in Chest Imaging

July 2019; p ublished online August 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Radiology; Clinical Radiology; Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology. 2395 words.

In children, the term bronchiolitis refers to an acute respiratory illness caused by bronchiolar infection, typically by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) or other viruses. In adults, the...

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Oral viral infections

Deborah Lockhart and Jeremy Bagg.

in Oral Complications of Cancer and its Management

February 2010; p ublished online May 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Oncology; Pharmacology; Radiation Oncology; Medical Dentistry. 2820 words.

Chapter 20 discusses oral viral infections, which are a significant cause of morbidity amongst cancer patients, resulting in both oropharyngeal symptoms (e.g. pain), and ...

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