in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology
January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: Pre-20th Century Warfare. 577 words.
At the beginning of 1106 the nineteen-year-old German king Henry V seemed to have prevailed over his father, the Roman
in London Review of International Law
September 2013; p ublished online August 2013 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Public International Law. 16419 words.
Drawing on the jurisprudential tradition of jurisdictional thought, this article critically redescribes international law as a law of encounter. The article shows how the actualisation of...
Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, Bosnia and Herzegovina v Serbia and Montenegro, Judgment, Merits, ICJ GL No 91, ICGJ 70 (ICJ 2007), 26th February 2007, International Court of Justice [ICJ]
Legal Material. Subjects: Use of Force, War, Peace and Neutrality; Public International Law; International Law; Law. 240202 words.
Whether newly divided States of Serbia and Montenegro remained as the respondents in this case and could be jointly and severally liable for any wrongdoing, considering that the alleged...
Situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Prosecutor (on the application of Victims) v Katanga (Germain), Judgment pursuant to article 74 of the Statute, Case ICC-01/04-01/07, ICC-01/04-01/07-3436, ICC-01/04-01/07-3436-tENG, ICL 1587 (ICC 2014), 7th March 2014, International Criminal Court [ICC]; Trial Chamber II [ICC]
Legal Material. Subjects: Law. 287514 words.
Whether, at the time of events, a domestic militia was structured in a hierarchical chain of command within an ethnic community.
Whether the crimes charged in the Decision on the...
A letter from the Haudenosaunee Confederacy to King George V: writing and reading jurisdictions in international legal history
in London Review of International Law
March 2017; p ublished online July 2017 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Public International Law. 17032 words.
Debates about contextualism as historical method pay glancing attention to language, archives, and the material. In contextualising a letter from four...
Armed Activities on the Territory of the Congo, Congo, the Democratic Republic of the v Uganda, Judgment, Merits, ICJ GL No 116,  ICJ Rep 168, ICGJ 31 (ICJ 2005), 19th December 2005, International Court of Justice [ICJ]
Legal Material. Subjects: Human Rights; Public International Law; International Law; Law. 90424 words.
Whether Ugandan military presence and action on the border regions of eastern Congo was an act of self-defence, was consented to by the Democratic Republic of the Congo (‘DRC’), or was an...
in Uniform Law Review
August 2015; p ublished online July 2015 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Private International Law and Conflict of Laws. 27783 words.
A Reluctant Guardian: The International Court of Justice and the Concept of ‘International Community’
in British Yearbook of International Law
January 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Public International Law. 27694 words.
The concept of ‘international community’, nebulously defined at best, has the potential to generate specific and far-reaching legal effects if understood in a certain manner. In this...
Prosecutor v Martić (Milan), Appeals judgment, Case no IT-95-11-A, ICL 750 (ICTY 2008), 8th October 2008, United Nations Security Council [UNSC]; International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia [ICTY]; Appeals Chamber [ICTY]
Legal Material. Subjects: Law. 73280 words.
Whether it sufficed that an accused created the conditions for the commission of the crimes falling outside the common criminal purpose for a finding of criminal responsibility under the...
Maritime Delimitation in the Area between Greenland and Jan Mayen, Denmark v Norway, Judgment, Merits,  ICJ Rep 38, ICGJ 94 (ICJ 1993), 14th June 1993, International Court of Justice [ICJ]
Legal Material. Subjects: Public International Law; International Law; Law. 118599 words.
How to delimit the continental shelf and the fisheries zones as between Denmark and Norway, taking into consideration the Agreement between Denmark and Norway concerning the Delimitation of...
in Human Rights Law Review
January 2006; p ublished online October 2006 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Human Rights and Immigration. 21794 words.
To date efforts of the International Criminal Court (ICC) to eradicate impunity for international crimes have been focussed in the African region. With arrest warrants now issued in...
Lašva Valley, Prosecutor v Blaškić (Tihomir), Appeal judgment, Case No IT-95-14-A, ICL 34 (ICTY 2004), 29th July 2004, Appeals Chamber (ICTY)
Legal Material. Subjects: Public International Law; International Law; Law. 150207 words.
Whether a standard of mens rea that was lower than direct intent could apply in relation to ordering under Article 7(1) of the Statute of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former...
Case Concerning Pulp Mills on the River Uruguay, Argentina v Uruguay, Judgment on the merits, ICGJ 425 (ICJ 2010), 20th April 2010, International Court of Justice [ICJ]
Legal Material. Subjects: International Co-operation; International Responsibility; Public International Law; International Law; Law. 118617 words.
Whether Uruguay, by failing to notify the Administrative Commission of the River Uruguay and Argentina of the planned works on the pulp mills before authorizing them and by starting...
Vergauwen and Avontroodt v Belgium, Preliminary Ruling, 136/2004, RW 2004-5, 582, (2004) TMR 545, (2004) TROS, ILDC 57 (BE 2004), 22nd July 2004, Constitutional Court
Legal Material. Subjects: Public International Law; International Law; Law. 16679 words.
Whether the Arbitration Court of Belgium was competent to rule on the conformity of a legislative provision with guarantees contained in international human rights instruments to which...