in A-Z of Plastic Surgery
January 2008; p ublished online January 2009 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 161 words.
• A disease of the elderly. • Common in tobacco and betel nut-chewing areas. Also teeth trauma and leucoplakia. In
Comparative evaluation of genotoxicity by micronucleus assay in the buccal mucosa over comet assay in peripheral blood in oral precancer and cancer patients
September 2014; p ublished online July 2014 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics; Genetics and Genomics. 7626 words.
Early detection and quantification of DNA damage in oral premalignancy or malignancy may help in management of the disease and improve survival rates. The comet assay has been successfully...
in Cancer-related Breakthrough Pain
May 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .
Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine. 5548 words.
The oral transmucosal routes are buccal and sublingual. The absorption of drugs across the oral mucosa involves a process of passive absorption, and may involve either the transcellular...
in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention
November 2017; p ublished online December 2017 .
Chapter. Subjects: Medical Statistics and Methodology; Public Health and Epidemiology. 28598 words.
Cancers of the oral cavity, oropharynx, lip, and salivary glands are malignancies of the head and neck. Some of these cancer sites share risk factors, although each has distinctive...
Susceptibility to oral cancer by genetic polymorphisms at CYP1A1, GSTM1 and GSTT1 loci among Indians: tobacco exposure as a risk modulator
July 2007; p ublished online February 2007 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics. 6035 words.
Oral cancer is the leading cancer type among Southeast Asian men and is causally associated with the use of tobacco. Genetic polymorphisms in xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes modify the...
in The Annals of Occupational Hygiene
April 1997; p ublished online April 1997 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Occupational Medicine. 0 words.
Past and present exposure to nickel was studied in an electrolytic nickel refinery, where an increased incidence of nasal cancer had been reported, using nickel analyses in air, blood and...
Evaluation of a mucoadhesive fenretinide patch for local intraoral delivery: a strategy to reintroduce fenretinide for oral cancer chemoprevention
May 2012; p ublished online March 2012 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics. 5559 words.
Systemic delivery of fenretinide in oral cancer chemoprevention trials has been largely unsuccessful due to dose-limiting toxicities and subtherapeutic intraoral drug levels. Local drug...
Chromosomal alterations affecting the 1cen-1q12 region in buccal mucosal cells of betel quid chewers detected using multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization.
December 1997; p ublished online December 1997 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics. 0 words.
Epidemiological studies have shown that a high incidence of oral cancers is associated with chewing betel quid. Since chromosomal aberrations are involved in many types of cancers, we...
Dietary isothiocyanates, glutathione S-transferase polymorphisms and colorectal cancer risk in the Singapore Chinese Health Study
December 2002; p ublished online December 2002 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics. 6517 words.
Dietary intake of cruciferous vegetables (Brassica spp.) has been inversely related to colorectal cancer risk, and this has been attributed to their high content of glucosinolate degradation...
Areca nut-induced buccal mucosa fibroblast contraction and its signaling: a potential role in oral submucous fibrosis—a precancer condition
May 2013; p ublished online January 2013 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics. 6122 words.
Betel quid (BQ) chewing is an oral habit that increases the risk of oral cancer and oral submucous fibrosis (OSF), a precancerous condition showing epithelial atrophy and tissue fibrosis....
Effect of menthol on the penetration of tobacco carcinogens and nicotine across porcine oral mucosa ex vivo
in Nicotine and Tobacco Research
July 2010; p ublished online May 2010 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology. 3083 words.
Menthol is a flavored tobacco additive claimed to mask the bitter taste and reduce the harshness of cigarette smoke. (Azzi, C., Zhang, J.,...