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Indo-European

W. J. Johnson.

in A Dictionary of Hinduism

January 2009; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Hinduism. 79 words.

A term coined by Western philologists to designate a family of languages with an inferred common ancestor (Proto-Indo-European), whose membership

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Indo-Europeans

H. Craig Melchert.

in The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Anatolia

September 2011; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East. 5919 words.

This article presents an overview of the arrival and florescence of the Indo-European languages in Anatolia, the most famous of which is Hittite. The weight of current linguistic evidence...

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Indo‐European

Edited by Dinah Birch.

in The Oxford Companion to English Literature

January 2009; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literary Studies (British and Irish). 78 words.

The name applied to the great family of cognate languages (formerly called Indo‐Germanic and Aryan) spoken over most of Europe and extending into Asia as far as northern India. Much of the...

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Indo-European and Indo-Europeans

A. Sherratt and S. Sherratt.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics. 727 words.

For the last 200 years it has been recognized that languages such as Greek, Latin, and Sanskrit share regularities which indicate a close historical relationship (see linguistics,...

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Proto-Indo-Europeans

Michael York.

in The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature

January 2006; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religion. 1598 words.

The focus of contemporary Indo-European Studies is on the proto-Indo-European (PIE) substrate of European and Indian culture. Since

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Proto-Indo-Europeans

Overview page. Subjects: Religion.

The focus of contemporary Indo-European Studies is on the proto-Indo-European (PIE) substrate of European and Indian culture. Since the recognition of similarities between Sanskrit, Greek...

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Indo-europeans

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology.

The Indo-Europeans comprise the largest of the world's language families and include at least eleven language stocks that are derived from a common ancestral language known as...

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Indo-European Languages

Gernot Windfuhr.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

November 1996; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East; Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 7661 words.

An extensive linguistic family, the Indo-European (IE) languages are spoken in the western half of Eurasia, stretching from

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Indo-European Roots

Edited by Tom McArthur.

in Concise Oxford Companion to the English Language

January 1998; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History of English. 472 words.

The hypothetical forms and meanings of Indo-European (IE) words reconstructed by comparative philologists through comparison of living languages, the surviving

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Indo-European Languages

Calvert Watkins.

in International Encyclopedia of Linguistics

January 2003; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Linguistics. 3628 words.

Indo-European is the name given, for geographic reasons, to the large and well defined genetic family which includes most of

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Indo-europeans

J. P. Mallory.

in The Oxford Companion to Archaeology

January 1996; p ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology. 1872 words.

The Indo-Europeans comprise the largest of the world's language families and include at least eleven language stocks that are derived

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Indo-Europeans

in The Oxford Companion To Archaeology

January 2012; p ublished online January 2012 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology. 1937 words.

The Indo-Europeans comprise the largest of the world’s language families and include at least eleven language stocks that are derived

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Indo-European Languages

Michael Weiss.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Classical History. 1453 words.

“Indo-European” is the name of a large family of related languages that extend in modern times over much of the

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Indo-Europeans

Martin E. Huld.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Classical History. 1224 words.

The term “Indo-European” designates a group of Eurasian languages and their speakers. The languages’ unity is established, not by shared

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Indo-European Roots

Edited by Tom McArthur, Jacqueline Lam-McArthur and Lise Fontaine.

in The Oxford Companion to the English Language

May 2018; p ublished online May 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History of English. 483 words.

The hypothetical forms and meanings of Indo-European (IE) words reconstructed by comparative philologists through comparison of living languages, the surviving records of their older forms,...

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Migration, Indo-European

in Berkshire Encyclopedia of World History

January 2010; p ublished online August 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 3535 words.

Indo-European languages were spoken from the shores of the Atlantic to eastern India and the westernmost province of China even before the first centuries bce; today more than...

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Indo-European Religions

Alexis Pinchard.

in Hinduism

P ublished online April 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Hinduism. 20305 words.

Indo-European religions does not mean the religion of the Indo-Europeans. The notion of Indo-European is essentially based on linguistic evidence, that is, the systematic homologies that...

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Indo-European

Sailaja Pingali.

in The Oxford Handbook of Derivational Morphology

September 2014; p ublished online March 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology. 7002 words.

This chapter looks at the important derivational processes in the Indo-European language family. After providing an overview of the language family, the different sub-groups, and the...

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Indo-European

Overview page. Subjects: Arts and Humanities.

Of or relating to the family of languages spoken over the greater part of Europe and Asia as far as northern India.

The Indo-European languages have a history of over 3,000 years....

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Indo-European Etymology

Michiel de Vaan.

in Linguistics

P ublished online April 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Anthropological Linguistics; Language Families; Psycholinguistics; Sociolinguistics. 8473 words.

Etymology, defined as a branch of linguistics, investigates word histories. Latin etymologia was taken from Ancient Greek etumologíā. It consists of Greek étumo- (“true”) and -logíā...

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