in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics
January 2014; p ublished online January 2014 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: Islam. 3930 words.
A multiethnic, multireligious, and multicultural entity, the Ottoman Empire was the last of the great Islamic empires. Starting in 1299
in Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment
January 2002; p ublished online January 2005 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700). 1282 words.
The Ottoman Empire, with its capital at Constantinople, the political center of the Islamic world, still occupied in the eighteenth
in Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World
January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945). 4774 words.
Straddled between Europe and Asia, the Ottoman Empire was a major force in Islamic and European history in the early
in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History
January 2003; p ublished online January 2005 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: Economic History. 3321 words.
The Ottoman Empire stood at the crossroads of intercontinental trade, stretching from the Balkans and the Black Sea region through
in The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation
January 1996; p ublished online January 2005 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700). 1537 words.
In sixteenth-century Europe the Ottoman empire comprised the entire Balkan Peninsula south of the Danube and that part of the
in Berkshire Encyclopedia of World History
January 2010; p ublished online August 2016 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 2698 words.
The Ottoman Empire (c. 1300–1922) is among the most durable and successful empires in world history. It spanned the late medieval, early modern, and modern periods and, at its...
in Renaissance and Reformation
P ublished online May 2010 .
Article. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy. 8168 words.
The field of Ottoman history has experienced dramatic growth since the 1980s. The traditional politically centered narrative inherited from 19th-century scholars, which emphasized Ottoman...
in A Dictionary of World History
January 2015; p ublished online July 2015 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: World History. 147 words.
The Muslim empire of the Turks (1299–1922), established in northern Anatolia by *Osman I and expanded by his successors to include all of Asia Minor and much of south-east Europe. Ottoman...
in Atlas of the World's Religions
November 2007; p ublished online November 2007 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: Society and Culture; Islam. 906 words.
THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE was a major threat to the hegemony of Christian Europe from the fourteenth to the seventeenth centuries.
in The Oxford Handbook of Early Modern European History, 1350-1750
July 2015; p ublished online December 2014 .
Article. Subjects: History; Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); European History. 12005 words.
The chapter studies early modern Ottoman history in its Eurasian context, as the Ottomans established relations with, fought wars against, influenced, and were influenced by their...
Part I Histories, Ch.6 The Ottoman Empire, the Origins of Extraterritoriality, and International Legal Theory
in The Oxford Handbook of the Theory of International Law
June 2016 .
Chapter. Subjects: Public International Law; International Law; Law. 15 pages. 7221 words.
This chapter argues that it was partly through engagement with the Ottoman Empire, particularly its tradition of extraterritorial consular jurisdiction, that nineteenth-century European and...
in The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Law
November 2018; p ublished online September 2015 .
Article. Subjects: History of Law; Legal System and Practice. 8174 words.
This article examines Ottoman law within the context of Islamic law. It first considers the fetva (Arabic, fatwa) collections as important sources shedding light on Ottoman law and their...
in Islamic Studies
P ublished online May 2011 .
Article. Subjects: Islam. 8274 words.
The Ottoman dynasty’s history can be traced from about 1300 to the end of the Ottoman Empire in 1923. At its greatest extent, the Ottoman Empire covered an enormous territory, including...
January 2017; p ublished online February 2017 .
Book. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945). 304 pages.
This book examines the political and cultural impact of the French Revolution on Franco-Ottoman relations, as well as on the French communities of the Ottoman Empire. The French Revolution...
in Islamic Studies
P ublished online November 2016 .
Article. Subjects: Islam. 10774 words.
The term millet in the Ottoman Empire referred to a non-Muslim religious community. The Turkish term millet (from Ar. milla; Ott. Tur. pl. milel; mod. Tur. pl. milletler) originally meant...
in Military Engineers
July 2013; p ublished online May 2018 .
Chapter. Subjects: Military History. 8863 words.
The Ottoman Empire was largely self-sufficient in the materials of gunpowder warfare, apart from tin. In the Danube and Mediterranean basins it had access to a culture of technological...
in People's Mission to the Ottoman Empire
September 2014; p ublished online January 2015 .
Chapter. Subjects: Asian History. 13080 words.
Chapter 3 makes the point that neither ethnic linkages nor geostrategicinterests were sufficient for strong cooperation in the history of the long relationship between the Ottoman and...
in Civilizing Habits
August 2010; p ublished online September 2010 .
Chapter. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945). 11231 words.
From her base in Tunisia and Malta, Vialar expanded to newly independent Greece and the Ottoman Empire. In these locales, the SSJA competed with other missionary groups, including...
in Gertrude Bell and Iraq
April 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .
Chapter. Subjects: Asian History. 8385 words.
Gertrude Bell was the only senior member of the Mesopotamian Administration to have had any significant experience of the Ottoman Empire before the First World War. Percy Cox had spent most...