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Plan Colombia

Overview page.

In 1999, policymakers in the administration of President Andreas Pastrana developed the Plan Colombia to combat the combined problems of drug cultivation, insurgency, and lack of economic...

See overview in Oxford Index

Plan Colombia

John A. King.

in Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945). 625 words.

In 1999, policymakers in the administration of President Andreas Pastrana developed the Plan Colombia to combat the combined problems

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Plan Colombia

Overview page.

In 1999, policymakers in the administration of President Andreas Pastrana developed the Plan Colombia to combat the combined problems of drug cultivation, insurgency, and lack of economic...

See overview in Oxford Index

The Impact of Plan Colombia on Forced Displacement

Samuel Martínez.

in International Migration and Human Rights

November 2009; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anthropology. 6395 words.

This chapter explains how Plan Colombia has assaulted the human rights to life, safety, and subsistence of millions of Colombians and thus worsened the problem of internally forced...

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Protecting Colombian Refugees in the Andean Region: The Fight against Invisibility

Martin Gottwald.

in International Journal of Refugee Law

December 2004; p ublished online December 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Human Rights and Immigration; Refugee Studies. 0 words.

Through the 1990s, Colombia's internal armed conflict gradually expanded to cover the entire country and, from the mid-1990s, to spill increasingly over into neighbouring countries. Forced...

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Colombia and Its Wars against Drug Trafficking, 1970–2010

Elvira María Restrepo.

in Drug Trafficking, Organized Crime, and Violence in the Americas Today

June 2015; p ublished online January 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas. 9003 words.

This chapter provides a historical analysis of the war on drugs in Colombia. This work analyzes the judicial, legal, and institutional aspects of the different “wars” against drug...

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Conservation Genetics of the Scalloped Hammerhead Shark in the Pacific Coast of Colombia

Sonia Quintanilla, Alberto Gómez, Camila Mariño-Ramírez, Carolina Sorzano, Sandra Bessudo, German Soler, Jaime E. Bernal and Susana Caballero.

in Journal of Heredity

September 2015; p ublished online August 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics. 7028 words.

Previous investigations of the population genetics of the scalloped hammerhead sharks (Sphyrna lewini) in the Eastern Tropical Pacific have lacked information about nursery areas. Such...

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Oil and blood: pulp fiction of the twenty-first century

Lesley Wylie.

in Colombia's Forgotten Frontier

December 2013; p ublished online May 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Literature. 9986 words.

In the past decade several popular novels have responded to escalating violence in the Putumayo, including Jay MacLarty’s Bagman (2004) and Sandro Meneses Potosí’s El ultimo guerrero...

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Colombia's paramilitary Triad

Julie Mazzei.

in Death Squads or Self-Defense Forces?

September 2009; p ublished online July 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas. 10870 words.

This chapter shows that as Colombia's paramilitaries became more organized and centralized, their objectives were made increasingly clear to the Colombian people. Initially, the...

Go to University of North Carolina Press »  abstract

School Vouchers in Colombia

Eric Bettinger.

in School Choice International

December 2008; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Econometrics and Mathematical Economics. 7037 words.

This chapter discusses Colombia’s attempt at improving enrollment rates via a partnership between the public and private sectors. A program referred to as the Plan de Ampliacion de...

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Inclusion of the equity focus and social determinants of health in health care education programmes in Colombia: a qualitative approach

Erwin H Hernández-Rincón, Juan P Pimentel-González, Domingo Orozco-Beltrán and Concepción Carratalá-Munuera.

in Family Practice

June 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Primary Care. 4720 words.


The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) and the Colombian Ministry of Health and Social Protection have determined a need for an approach to...

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Territorial Rule in Colombia and the Transformation of the Llanos Orientales

Jane M. Rausch.

September 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Book. Subjects: Society and Culture. 198 pages.

In the 1980s the discovery of exploitable petroleum deposits in the Llanos Orientales or eastern plains of Colombia transformed what had long been a neglected frontier into the fastest...

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Participation of Territorial Authorities in Mining Activities in Colombia

Milton Fernando Montoya.

in Sharing the Costs and Benefits of Energy and Resource Activity

March 2016; p ublished online June 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Environment and Energy Law. 7121 words.

This chapter explores the constitutional and legal regime applicable to the participation of local authorities in mining activities in Colombia, as mining in Colombia is planned and...

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Turnbull, Alison

Sarah Lack.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online September 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Installation Art, Mixed-Media, Assemblage, and Collage; Painting; Architecture; Sculpture and Carving; Latin American and Caribbean Art; 20th-Century Art; Contemporary Art. 313 words.

(b Bogotá, Colombia, March 16, 1956).

British painter and sculptor of Colombian birth. She studied at the Academia Arjona, Madrid (1975–7) and the Bath Academy...

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Getting to Mexico City

Jocelyn Olcott.

in International Women's Year

September 2017; p ublished online June 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); History of the Americas. 6614 words.

This chapter examines how the IWY conference, originally planned to take place in Bogota, Colombia, came to be held in Mexico City. It considers both Mexican president Luis Echeverría’s...

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Strategic Peacebuilding: An Overview

John Paul Lederach and R. Scott Appleby.

in Strategies of Peace

February 2010; p ublished online May 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: International Relations. 12487 words.

This chapter argues that peacebuilding operations cannot fulfill their potential and achieve justpeace without “strategic” planning and implementation. The authors employ vignettes from...

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Cartography in the Production (and Silencing) of Colombian Independence History, 1807–1827

Lina del Castillo.

in Decolonizing the Map

June 2017; p ublished online January 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cartography. 18330 words.

During the Age of Revolutions, print cartography played a critical role in the invention of imaginable, independent republican spaces. This chapter traces out the circumstances behind the...

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Managed competition for the poor or poorly managed competition? Lessons from the Colombian health reform experience

Beatriz Plaza, Ana Beatriz Barona and Norman Hearst.

in Health Policy and Planning

December 2001; p ublished online December 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology. 0 words.

Background: In 1993, Colombia enacted and subsequently implemented a radical reform in its system of providing health care for the poor, moving in a short time from a...

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Colombia’s regulatory and fiscal hydrocarbons regime: explaining Colombia’s success and the challenges ahead

Carlos Bellorin Nuñez.

in The Journal of World Energy Law & Business

September 2012; p ublished online August 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Environment and Energy Law. 5445 words.

This article deals with Colombia’s current fiscal and contractual petroleum regime and how solid institutions have played a role in the country’s success in increasing its oil production in...

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