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Pneumocystis

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

n. a genus of protozoans. The species P. jiroveci (formerly carinii) causes pneumonia in immunosuppressed patients, usually following intensive chemotherapy. Pneumocystis...

See overview in Oxford Index

Pneumocystis

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

n. a genus of protozoans. The species P. jiroveci (formerly carinii) causes pneumonia in immunosuppressed patients, usually following intensive chemotherapy. Pneumocystis...

See overview in Oxford Index

Pneumocystis jirovecii

Robert F. Miller and Laurence Huang.

in Oxford Textbook of Medicine

May 2010; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medical Microbiology and Virology; Infectious Diseases. 2632 words.

The ascomycete fungus Pneumocystis jirovecii (previously called Pneumocystis carinii) is the cause of pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) in humans, which occurs largely among people with...

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Pneumocystis carinii

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.

A common and usually innocuous microorganism that causes a serious, often ultimately fatal, disease described as opportunistic infection in immunocompromised individuals, typically persons...

See overview in Oxford Index

Pneumocystis jirovecii

Stuart Flanagan.

in Oxford Textbook of Medical Mycology

January 2018; p ublished online December 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Public Health and Epidemiology. 1686 words.

In humans, Pneumocystis pneumonia is caused by a yeast-like fungus Pneumocystis jirovecii. Originally called P. carinii, this organism was thought to be a protozoan; however, the discovery...

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Pneumocystis pneumonia

Edited by Mike Sharland.

in Manual of Childhood Infections

April 2016; p ublished online June 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Paediatrics; Infectious Diseases. 2011 words.

Pneumocystis, first identified as a protozoan, was reclassified as a fungus on the basis of DNA analysis. Human Pneumocystis now is called Pneumocystis jirovecii. Pneumocystis...

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Pneumocystis carinii

Ann E Wakefield.

in British Medical Bulletin

March 2002; p ublished online March 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health. 6491 words.

Pneumocystis carinii is an atypical fungus that causes pneumonia in immunocompromised individuals. P. carinii comprises a heterogeneous group of organisms that have been...

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Pneumocystis infections: the iceberg?

E. Dei-Cas.

in Medical Mycology

December 2000; p ublished online December 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Mycology and Fungi; Infectious Diseases; Medical Toxicology; Veterinary Medicine; Environmental Science. 0 words.

Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) is a well-recognized lung disease of immunocompromised patients, but the real impact of Pneumocystis infection in humans remains to be...

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Pneumocystis

in Concise Medical Dictionary

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health. 47 words.

n. a genus of protozoans. The species P. jiroveci (formerly carinii) causes pneumonia in immunosuppressed patients, usually following intensive

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Dihydropteroate Synthase Polymorphisms in Pneumocystis carinii

Brian R. Lane, Jennifer C. Ast, Paul A. Hossler, David P. Mindell, Marilyn S. Bartlett, James W. Smith and Steven R. Meshnick.

in The Journal of Infectious Diseases

February 1997; p ublished online February 1997 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 0 words.

Sulfa drugs are widely used in the treatment and prophylaxis of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia.

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S-Adenosylmethionine and Pneumocystis

Salim Merali and Clarkson Allen Boykin.

in FEMS Microbiology Letters

August 2004; p ublished online January 2006 .

Journal Article. 4742 words.

Abstract

Pneumocystis is a parasitic fungus causing pneumonia in immunosuppressed mammals and S-adenosylmethionine a key intermediary metabolite...

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Molecular diagnosis of Pneumocystis pneumonia

Isabelle Durand-Joly, Magali Chabé, Fabienne Soula, Laurence Delhaes, Daniel Camus and Eduardo Dei-Cas.

in FEMS Immunology & Medical Microbiology

September 2005; p ublished online January 2006 .

Journal Article. 3750 words.

Abstract

The detection of Pneumocystis DNA in clinical specimens by using PCR assays is leading to important advances in Pneumocystis pneumonia (PcP)...

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Epidemiology of Pneumocystis Colonization in Families

LaShonda Spencer, Michelle Ukwu, Travis Alexander, Karri Valadez, Lora Liu, Toni Frederick, Andrea Kovacs and Alison Morris.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

April 2008; p ublished online April 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 2318 words.

Whether Pneumocystis colonization is transmitted in families with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)–infected members is unknown. Using nested polymerase chain reaction of oropharyngeal or...

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Pneumocystis jiroveci Genotypes and Primary Infection

Totet Anne, Nieves Respaldiza, Jean-Claude Pautard, Christian Raccurt and Gilles Nevez.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

May 2003; p ublished online May 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 1390 words.

This study describes the molecular typing of Pneumocystis jiroveci organisms from 5 nonpremature immunocompetent infants who developed a primary infection. Four P. jiroveci internal...

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Pneumocystis jirovecii and cystic fibrosis

Enrique J. Calderón, Vicente Friaza, Francisco J. Dapena and Carmen de La Horra.

in Medical Mycology

November 2010; p ublished online November 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Mycology and Fungi; Infectious Diseases; Medical Toxicology; Veterinary Medicine; Environmental Science. 2657 words.

Pneumocystis jirovecii is an atypical opportunistic fungus with lung tropism and worldwide distribution that causes pneumonia in immunosuppressed individuals. The development...

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I. Genetic heterogeneity in Pneumocystis carinii: an introduction

Ann E. Wakefield.

in FEMS Immunology & Medical Microbiology

September 1998; p ublished online January 2006 .

Journal Article. 4869 words.

Abstract

Molecular techniques have played an important role in demonstrating a high level of heterogeneity among the different types of organisms which are...

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Epidemiology and Clinical Significance of Pneumocystis Colonization

Alison Morris, Kenneth Wei, Kamyar Afshar and Laurence Huang.

in The Journal of Infectious Diseases

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 5245 words.

Pneumocystis pneumonia has long been recognized as a cause of morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised populations, particularly those with HIV infection. Pneumocystis colo...

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Quantification and Spread of Pneumocystis jirovecii in the Surrounding Air of Patients with Pneumocystis Pneumonia

Firas Choukri, Jean Menotti, Claudine Sarfati, Jean-Christophe Lucet, Gilles Nevez, Yves J. F. Garin and Anne Totet.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

August 2010; p ublished online August 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 3823 words.

Background. Airborne transmission of Pneumocystis has been demonstrated in animal models and is highly probable in humans. However, information...

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Immunity against the opportunistic fungal pathogen Pneumocystis

Chad Steele, Judd E. Shellito and Jay K. Kolls.

in Medical Mycology

February 2005; p ublished online February 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Mycology and Fungi; Infectious Diseases; Medical Toxicology; Veterinary Medicine; Environmental Science. 0 words.

Species of the genus Pneumocystis exist as opportunistic fungal pathogens and are associated with severe pneumonia and pulmonary complications in immunocompromised individuals. Although...

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VIII. Epidemiological and taxonomic impact of Pneumocystis biodiversity

Edith Mazars and Eduardo Dei-Cas.

in FEMS Immunology & Medical Microbiology

September 1998; p ublished online January 2006 .

Journal Article. 2733 words.

Abstract

A cluster of antigenic, genomic, karyotypic, isoenzymatic and morphological differences have been reported among Pneumocystis populations....

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XXIV. Morphological and ultrastructural methods for Pneumocystis

Eduardo Dei-Cas, Laurence Fleurisse, El Moukhtar Aliouat, Jacqueline Bahon-Le Capon, Jean-Charles Cailliez and Colette Creusy.

in FEMS Immunology & Medical Microbiology

September 1998; p ublished online January 2006 .

Journal Article. 1400 words.

Abstract

Pneumocystis is a eukaryotic unicellular microorganism with marked fungal affinities. All known life cycle stages of this parasite were...

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