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acquired dyslexia

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

One of the two major categories of dyslexia, this form of the disorder resulting directly from brain damage, usually to the left cerebral hemisphere. See also cognitive neuropsychology,...

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acquired dyslexia

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

One of the two major categories of dyslexia, this form of the disorder resulting directly from brain damage, usually to the left cerebral hemisphere. See also cognitive neuropsychology,...

See overview in Oxford Index

What Does Acquired Dyslexia Tell Us About Reading in the Mind and Brain?

Anna M. Woollams.

in The Oxford Handbook of Reading

September 2015; p ublished online December 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Educational Psychology. 11743 words.

Reading is a fundamental cognitive skill that is often disrupted as a consequence of brain damage. The study of neurological patients with acquired reading disorders has proven pivotal in...

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acquired dyslexia n.

Andrew M. Colman.

in A Dictionary of Psychology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Psychology. 55 words.

One of the two major categories of dyslexia, this form of the disorder resulting directly from brain damage, usually

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acquired dyslexia n.

Andrew M. Colman.

in A Dictionary of Psychology

January 2015; p ublished online May 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Psychology. 55 words.

One of the two major categories of *dyslexia, this form of the disorder resulting directly from brain damage,

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Anatomical and Functional Correlates of Acquired Peripheral Dyslexias

Laurent Cohen, Fabien Vinckier and Stanislas Dehaene.

in The Neural Basis of Reading

May 2010; p ublished online September 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 16727 words.

This chapter confronts a simple anatomical and functional scheme for the architecture of the reading system, with multimodal data from patients with various deficits affecting the visual...

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Surface errors without semantic impairment in acquired dyslexia: a voxel-based lesion–symptom mapping study

Jeffrey R. Binder, Sara B. Pillay, Colin J. Humphries, William L. Gross, William W. Graves and Diane S. Book.

in Brain

May 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuropathology; Disorders of the Nervous System. 6370 words.

Patients with surface dyslexia have disproportionate difficulty pronouncing irregularly spelled words (e.g. pint), suggesting impaired use of lexical-semantic information to mediate...

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developmental dyslexia

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

One of the two major categories of dyslexia, forms of the disorder that develop during childhood from unknown causes, also called reading disorder. Compare acquired dyslexia.

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dyslexia

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

Impairment in ability to read, not resulting from low intelligence. It was first described in 1877 by the German physician Adolf Kussmaul (1822–1902), who coined the term word blindness to...

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Alexia and Agraphia

Rhonda Friedman.

in International Encyclopedia of Linguistics

January 2003; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Linguistics. 1303 words.

The disorder of alexia (sometimes called “acquired dyslexia”) is the disturbance of reading subsequent to brain injury in a previously

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Developmental dyslexia

Margaret J. Snowling and Markéta Caravolas.

August 2007; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 12837 words.

In spite of the complexities of written language systems, the majority of children learn to read easily. However, a minority have difficulty acquiring literacy skills even though they...

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speech disorder

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.

A condition that may be inborn or acquired, sometimes with clearly defined pathology, such as brain damage, sometimes apparently of psychological origin, including stuttering, dyslexia,...

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Neuroanatomical precursors of dyslexia identified from pre-reading through to age 11

Kristi A. Clark, Turid Helland, Karsten Specht, Katherine L. Narr, Franklin R. Manis, Arthur W. Toga and Kenneth Hugdahl.

in Brain

December 2014; p ublished online August 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 3312 words.

Developmental dyslexia is a common reading disorder that negatively impacts an individual’s ability to achieve literacy. Although the brain network involved in reading and its dysfunction...

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On the ubiquity of conscious–unconscious dissociations in neuropsychology

Lawrence Weiskrantz.

in Frontiers of Consciousness

October 2008; p ublished online March 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology. 5713 words.

This chapter discusses some examples of neuropsychological defects in which awareness is disconnected from a capacity to discriminate or to remember or to attend or to read or to speak....

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Dyslexia: a case study of the application of the neuroconstructivist principles

Denis Mareschal, Mark H. Johnson, Sylvain Sirois, Michael W. Spratling, Michael S. C. Thomas and Gert Westermann.

in Neuroconstructivism - I

January 2007; p ublished online March 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology. 10889 words.

This chapter addresses an example of developmental dyslexia in children as an illustration of the principles of neuroconstructivism. It considers progressive specialization, competition and...

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alexia

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

n. an acquired inability to read. It is due to disease in the left (dominant) hemisphere of the brain in a right-handed person. In agnosic alexia (word blindness) the patient...

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The Oxford Handbook of Aphasia and Language Disorders

Edited by Anastasia M. Raymer and Leslie J. Gonzalez Rothi.

January 2018; p ublished online January 2015 .

Book. Subjects: Psychology. 352 pages.

The language and communication impairments that individuals experience following damage to the cerebral cortex vary widely, depending on the extent of involvement and location in the left...

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White Matter Alterations in Infants at Risk for Developmental Dyslexia

Nicolas Langer, Barbara Peysakhovich, Jennifer Zuk, Marie Drottar, Danielle D. Sliva, Sara Smith, Bryce L. C. Becker, P. Ellen Grant and Nadine Gaab.

in Cerebral Cortex

February 2017; p ublished online December 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 8539 words.

Abstract

Developmental dyslexia (DD) is a heritable condition characterized by persistent difficulties in learning to read. White matter alterations in...

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About the role of visual field defects in pure alexia

Tobias Pflugshaupt, Klemens Gutbrod, Pascal Wurtz, Roman von Wartburg, Thomas Nyffeler, Bianca de Haan, Hans-Otto Karnath and René M. Mueri.

in Brain

July 2009; p ublished online June 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 7940 words.

Pure alexia is an acquired reading disorder characterized by a disproportionate prolongation of reading time as a function of word length. Although the vast majority of cases reported in...

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learning difficulties

Overview page. Subjects: Education.

Most types of learning difficulty can be categorized as either specific or non‐specific. Specific learning difficulties most commonly include conditions such as dyslexia and attention...

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Classification, diagnosis, psychiatric assessment, and needs assessment

A. J. Holland.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry. 5782 words.

The general principles developed during the latter part of the twentieth century and continued into the twenty-first century guiding support for people with intellectual disabilities remain...

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