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community charge

Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

(in the UK) a tax, introduced by the Conservative government in 1990 (1989 in Scotland), levied locally on every adult in a community. It was replaced in 1993 by the council tax. Informally...

See overview in Oxford Index

Carbon Tariffs and the WTO: An Evaluation of Feasible Policies

Paul-Erik Veel.

in Journal of International Economic Law

September 2009; p ublished online September 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 24394 words.

Both the European Union, which currently has an emissions trading scheme for greenhouse gases, and the USA, which is considering implementing such a program, are exploring the possibility...

The State of International Economic Law: Re-Thinking Sovereignty in Europe

Francis G. Jacobs.

in Journal of International Economic Law

March 2008; p ublished online February 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 16208 words.

Climate Change and Trade—The EU Aviation Directive and the WTO

Joshua Meltzer.

in Journal of International Economic Law

March 2012; p ublished online February 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 20639 words.

With limited progress in the UN climate change negotiations, the EU has been looking at ways to further reduce global CO2 emissions by extending the scope of its cap and trade system, most...

From ‘Direct Effect’ to ‘Muted Dialogue’

Marco Bronckers.

in Journal of International Economic Law

December 2008; p ublished online November 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 6523 words.

Recent case law suggests that the European courts are rethinking their position in respect of international law. On the one hand, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) is extending its case...

Discrimination in International Mobile Roaming Regulation: Implications of WTO Law

Tania Voon.

in Journal of International Economic Law

March 2013; p ublished online February 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 11201 words.

High international mobile roaming charges have created concerns for consumers and regulators around the world, leading to discussion and activity in a range of international organizations...

Editorial Structure

in Journal of International Economic Law

March 2007; p ublished online March 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 3940 words.

Board of Editors

in Journal of International Economic Law

March 2006; p ublished online March 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 3211 words.

The Dsu Article 3.8 Presumption that an Infringement Constitutes a Prima Facie Case of Nullification or Impairment: When Does it Operate and Why?

Arwel Davies.

in Journal of International Economic Law

March 2010; p ublished online March 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 10737 words.

This article considers the origin, meaning and current relevance of the Dispute Settlement Understanding (DSU) Article 3.8 presumption that a government measure which infringes World Trade...

Editorial Structure

in Journal of International Economic Law

March 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 4231 words.

Editorial Structure

in Journal of International Economic Law

March 2009; p ublished online February 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 4790 words.

From the Periphery to the Center? The Evolving WTO Jurisprudence on Transparency and Good Governance

Padideh Ala’i.

in Journal of International Economic Law

December 2008; p ublished online October 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 11485 words.

The rise of the regulatory state in the latter half of the 20th century is reflected in the text of the World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreements and specifically its transparency related...

Editorial Structure

in Journal of International Economic Law

March 2010; p ublished online March 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 5714 words.

Accountability, Investigation and Due Process in International Organizations. Edited by Chris de Cooker.

Iveta Alexovičová.

in Journal of International Economic Law

June 2007; p ublished online April 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 2039 words.

The International Monetary System: A Look Back Over Seven Decades

Andreas F. Lowenfeld.

in Journal of International Economic Law

September 2010; p ublished online October 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 9748 words.

This article offers a historical account of the genesis and development of the International Monetary Fund (IMF). The original design and functions are discussed and subsequent changes...

Editorial Structure

in Journal of International Economic Law

March 2011; p ublished online March 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 5933 words.

The Role of Rules of Origin to Provide Discipline to the Gatt Article XXIV Exception

Jong Bum Kim and Joongi Kim.

in Journal of International Economic Law

September 2011; p ublished online September 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 11826 words.

This article examines how the GATT Article XXIV regional trade agreement (RTA) exception can be strengthened to curb the proliferation of RTAs that maintain questionable levels of trade...

Duty Drawback and Regional Trade Agreements: Foes or Friends?

Sherzod Shadikhodjaev.

in Journal of International Economic Law

September 2013; p ublished online August 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 10813 words.

The nature of international trade has changed dramatically. Today, intermediate goods account for nearly 60% of the world merchandise trade, with the import content of the average export...

The WTO and Regulatory Freedom: WTO Disciplines on Market Access, Non-Discrimination and Domestic Regulation Relating to Trade in Goods and Services

Erich Vranes.

in Journal of International Economic Law

December 2009; p ublished online October 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 14758 words.

This article addresses the question as to how the principal World Trade Organization (WTO) obligations on market access relate to those on non-discrimination and domestic regulation. This...

The WTO’s First Antitrust Case – Mexican Telecom: A Sleeping Victory for Trade and Competition

Eleanor M. Fox.

in Journal of International Economic Law

June 2006; p ublished online May 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 9773 words.

A World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel has decided the WTO’s first antitrust case. It resolved the matter in favour of the United States’ claim that Mexico had anticompetitively...

Editorial Structure

in Journal of International Economic Law

March 2012; p ublished online March 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 6373 words.