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copying machines

Overview page. Subjects: Bibliography.

Devices and technologies for multiplying copies, typically from a pre-existing ‘original’, or a purpose-generated printing or transfer surface. Most copying methods have been based on...

See overview in Oxford Index

copying machines

Overview page. Subjects: Bibliography.

Devices and technologies for multiplying copies, typically from a pre-existing ‘original’, or a purpose-generated printing or transfer surface. Most copying methods have been based on...

See overview in Oxford Index

copying machine

Tony Atkins and Marcel Escudier.

in A Dictionary of Mechanical Engineering

January 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mechanical Engineering. 25 words.

Various types of cutting machine, including lathes and milling machines, in which the tool is guided by a template, thus producing identical components....

copying machine

Marcel Escudier and Tony Atkins.

in A Dictionary of Mechanical Engineering

July 2019; p ublished online July 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mechanical Engineering; Engineering and Technology. 25 words.

Various types of cutting machine, including lathes and milling machines, in which the tool is guided by a template, thus producing identical components....

copying machines

in The Oxford Companion to the Book

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 314 words.

Devices and technologies for multiplying copies, typically from a pre-existing ‘original’, or a purpose-generated printing or transfer surface. Most copying

dub

Daniel Chandler and Rod Munday.

in A Dictionary of Media and Communication

January 2011; p ublished online January 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Media Studies. 112 words.

1. In video or sound recording, an *analogue (machine to machine) copy of an analogue or *digital source.

dub

Daniel Chandler and Rod Munday.

in A Dictionary of Media and Communication

P ublished online March 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Media Studies. 112 words.

1. In video or sound recording, an *analogue (machine to machine) copy of an analogue or *digital source.

photocopiers

Suzanne Bell.

in A Dictionary of Forensic Science

January 2012; p ublished online April 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics. 108 words.

Copy machines that use a photographic process to produce a copy of a document. The term ‘copier’ is generic and

decollator

John Daintith and Edmund Wright.

in A Dictionary of Computing

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Computing. 47 words.

A machine that can process multicopy printed output into separate stacks of copy and used carbon paper. Decollation is normally

toner

Edited by Michael F. Suarez and H. R. Woudhuysen.

in The Oxford Companion to the Book

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 31 words.

Powder used in *laser and *electrostatic printers and *copying machines to form printed images. Particles are melted by a heated

collating machines

in The Oxford Companion to the Book

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 154 words.

An alternative to manual *collation, such machines optically superimpose two copies of a single page so that differences are

photocopying

Overview page.

Reproduction of photographs, words or illustrations by machine. In a photocopying machine, a light shines on the item to be copied, and an optical system forms an image of it. ...

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mimeograph

Overview page. Subjects: Bibliography.

*Stencil duplicator introduced by A. B. Dick (Chicago) in 1887. ‘Mimeograph’ and ‘mimeographing’ became generic terms for stencil duplicators and duplicating. See also copying machines.

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collating machines

Overview page. Subjects: Bibliography.

An alternative to manual collation, such machines optically superimpose two copies of a single page so that differences are more immediately identified. The famous Hinman Collator was...

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Machine Aesthetic

James Stevens Curl and Susan Wilson.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Architecture

January 2015; p ublished online May 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture. 121 words.

Architecture suggesting something machine-made, acknowledging industrialization, mass-production, and engineering, or that copied elements of metal structures (ships, aeroplanes,...

Postscript

Aileen Douglas.

in Work in Hand

April 2017; p ublished online April 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Literary Studies (1500 to 1800); Literary Theory and Cultural Studies. 2064 words.

In 1781, the Scottish engineer James Watt, best known for his development of the steam engine, patented the first copying press. Using a process of wet transfer, the machine pressed a...

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linear editing

Overview page. Subjects: Media Studies.

Video editing that is achieved by playing back material on a ‘source’ machine and recording it on another ‘record’ machine because videotape cannot be physically cut without creating a...

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Carlson, Chester (1906–1968)

Edited by Market House Books.

in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Contemporary History (Post 1945); Biographical Studies. 259 words.

US physicist and inventor of xerography.

Born in Seattle, the son of a barber, Carlson was educated at the California Institute of Technology. After working for Bell Telephones he...

decollator

Overview page. Subjects: Computing.

A machine that can process multicopy printed output into separate stacks of copy and used carbon paper. Decollation is normally done as an offline activity and the decollator may be...

See overview in Oxford Index

orrery

Overview page. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics.

A clockwork model of the solar system, or of just the sun, earth, and moon. It is named after Charles Boyle (1676–1731), fourth Earl of Orrery, for whom a copy of the machine invented by...

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fax

Edited by Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Business and Management

January 2016; p ublished online February 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Business and Management. 60 words.

A method of communication between businesses, linked to the international telephone system. Use of a fax machine enables messages, copies of documents, diagrams, plans, etc., to be sent for...