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founder

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Maritime History.

Of a ship, to sink at sea, generally understood to be by the flooding of its hull either through springing a leak or through striking a rock. Other causes of a ship sinking, such as...

See overview in Oxford Index

Mason, John (1586–1635), founder of New Hampshire

Charles E. Clark.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History. 1067 words.

Mason, John (1586–1635), founder of New Hampshire, was born in King's Lynn, Norfolk, the son of John Mason and Isabel Mason (née Steed), and baptized there on 11 December 1586. His father...

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Fraser, Sir Alexander, of Philorth (1537?–1623), founder of Fraserburgh

R. P. Wells.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History. 941 words.

Fraser, Sir Alexander, of Philorth (1537?–1623), founder of Fraserburgh, was the eldest son of Alexander Fraser (c.1517–1564) and Lady Beatrice (fl. 1520–1570), eldest daughter of Robert...

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Day, Francis (c. 1605–1666x73), founder of Madras

Andrew Grout.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History. 805 words.

Day, Francis (c. 1605–1666x73), founder of Madras, was the fourth son of William Day (d. c.1628) of Bray, Buckinghamshire, and his wife, Helen (d. 1630/31), daughter of Paul Wentworth of...

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Bradford, William (1590–1657), a founder of Plymouth Colony

Sargent Bush,.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History. 2990 words.

Bradford, William (1590–1657), a founder of Plymouth Colony, was born in Austerfield, Yorkshire, and baptized there on 19 March 1590, the third child and only son of William Bradford (c.156...

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Penn, William (1644–1718), Quaker leader and founder of Pennsylvania

Mary K. Geiter.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Protestantism and Protestant Churches. 8620 words.

Penn, William (1644–1718), Quaker leader and founder of Pennsylvania, was born in the liberty of the Tower of London on 14 October 1644, the son of Sir William Penn (bap. 1621, d. 1670),...

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Light, William (1786–1839), surveyor and founder of Adelaide

Michael Williams.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Geodesy and Surveying for Maps and Charts; Civil Engineering, Surveying, and Building. 1510 words.

Light, William (1786–1839), surveyor and founder of Adelaide, was born in Kuala Kedah, Malaya, on 27 April 1786, the second son of Captain Francis Light, RN (bap. 1740, d. 1794), and...

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Roy, William (1726–1790), surveyor and founder of the Ordnance Survey

Elizabeth Baigent.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Geodesy and Surveying for Maps and Charts; Civil Engineering, Surveying, and Building; Military History; Warfare and Defence. 2685 words.

Roy, William (1726–1790), surveyor and founder of the Ordnance Survey, was born on 4 May 1726 at Miltonhead, Lanarkshire, Scotland, the second child of John Roy (d. 1748), factor to Sir...

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Fleetwood, Sir Peter Hesketh-, first baronet (1801–1866), founder of the town of Fleetwood

H. C. G. Matthew.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History. 465 words.

Fleetwood, Sir Peter Hesketh-, first baronet (1801–1866), founder of the town of Fleetwood, was descended from the ancient Lancashire families of Hesketh and Fleetwood; he was one of the...

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Williams, Roger (c. 1606–1683), religious controversialist and founder of Providence, Rhode Island

Francis J. Bremer.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religion; World History. 3945 words.

Williams, Roger (c. 1606–1683), religious controversialist and founder of Providence, Rhode Island, was born in London, but no record of the exact date survives. He was the third of four...

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Oglethorpe, James Edward (1696–1785), army officer and founder of the colony of Georgia

Betty Wood.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; World History. 2884 words.

Oglethorpe, James Edward (1696–1785), army officer and founder of the colony of Georgia, was born in London on 22 December 1696, the third and youngest surviving son of Sir Theophilus...

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Piers, William (d. 1603), soldier and founder of the town of Carrickfergus

Mary O'Dowd.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; World History. 1651 words.

Piers, William (d. 1603), soldier and founder of the town of Carrickfergus, was the son of Richard or Henry Piers of Piers-Hall, near Ingleton, Yorkshire. Nothing is known about his...

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Hotham, Sir Richard (1722–1799), merchant and founder of the resort of Bognor

R. Iden.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; World History; Travel and Holiday. 726 words.

Hotham, Sir Richard (1722–1799), merchant and founder of the resort of Bognor, was born in York on 5 October 1722, the youngest of five children (of whom only he and his sister survived...

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Raffles, Sir (Thomas) Stamford Bingley (1781–1826), colonial governor and founder of Singapore

C. M. Turnbull.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 5026 words.

Raffles, Sir (Thomas) Stamford Bingley (1781–1826), colonial governor and founder of Singapore, the eldest and only surviving son of Captain Benjamin Raffles (d. c.1797) and his wife, née A...

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Gresham, Sir Thomas (c. 1518–1579), mercer, merchant adventurer, and founder of the Royal Exchange and Gresham College

Ian Blanchard.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; World History; Travel and Holiday. 7594 words.

Gresham, Sir Thomas (c. 1518–1579), mercer, merchant adventurer, and founder of the Royal Exchange and Gresham College, the second of the two sons and two daughters of Sir Richard Gresham...

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Lorri Glover. Founders as Fathers: The Private Lives and Politics of the American Revolutionaries.

Phillip Hamilton.

in The American Historical Review

October 2015; p ublished online October 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: World History. 1027 words.

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André Odendaal. The Founders: The Origins of the ANC and the Struggle for Democracy in South Africa.

Daniel Magaziner.

in The American Historical Review

April 2015; p ublished online April 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: World History. 1004 words.

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Jeff Broadwater. George Mason: Forgotten Founder. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. 2006. Pp. xii, 329. $34.95

Jack N. Rakove.

in The American Historical Review

December 2007; p ublished online December 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: World History. 785 words.

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Martin J. Sklar. Creating the American Century: The Ideas and Legacies of America’s Twentieth-Century Foreign Policy Founders.

Walter L. Hixson.

in The American Historical Review

October 2018; p ublished online October 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: World History. 814 words.

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Taming Democracy: ‘The People’, the Founders, and the Troubled Ending of the American Revolution

C. Nicolson.

in The English Historical Review

April 2009; p ublished online April 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: British History; World History; European History; International History. 822 words.

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Intellectual Founders of the Republic: Five Studies in Nineteenth-Century Political Thought

Pamela Pilbeam.

in The English Historical Review

April 2004; p ublished online April 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: British History; World History; European History; International History. 0 words.

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