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founder

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Maritime History.

Of a ship, to sink at sea, generally understood to be by the flooding of its hull either through springing a leak or through striking a rock. Other causes of a ship sinking, such as...

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The Slain God

Timothy Larsen.

August 2014; p ublished online November 2014 .

Book. Subjects: Philosophy of Religion; Christian Theology. 272 pages.

Throughout its entire history the discipline of anthropology has been perceived as having a bias against Christian faith. Many of its most prominent theorists have been agnostics who...

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Universal Wisdom

Gerald O'Collins, SJ.

in Salvation for All

March 2008; p ublished online October 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Christian Theology. 6789 words.

This chapter recognizes the universal power and presence of divine Wisdom and the Holy Spirit. It mentions that the role of Christ as a universal Revealer and a Saviour can be interpreted...

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Theology Within the Limits of Experience Alone

William J. Abraham.

in Canon and Criterion in Christian Theology

January 2002; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: Christian Theology. 15145 words.

Once the Church had privileged epistemology over its canonical heritage, its theologians were drawn inescapably into solving problems in the epistemology of theology and into developing...

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Joy, Mirth, and Folly in the Hermits of the Eleventh Century

John Saward.

in Perfect Fools

December 1980; p ublished online October 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Christian Theology. 3966 words.

In 11th-century western Europe there was a reawakening of interest in the solitary life. Not surprisingly, its main protagonists have much to say about the wisdom of a life which looks like...

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To Love the Neighbor

Laura M. Hartman.

in The Christian Consumer

November 2011; p ublished online January 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Christian Theology. 13522 words.

Love, which wills the true good of another, applies to the topic of Christian consumption on several levels. This chapter examines love in consumption beginning with self-love, moving to...

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The Concept of a History of Redemption

Michael J. McClymond and Gerald R. McDermott.

in The Theology of Jonathan Edwards

December 2011; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Christian Theology. 4415 words.

One of Edwards's lifelong governing theological ideas is captured in the phrase “history of redemption.” His writings toward the end of his life suggest that he intended to translate the...

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John Wesley (1703–91)

Alan C. Clifford.

in Atonement and Justification

April 1990; p ublished online October 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Christian Theology. 6080 words.

This chapter discusses the significance, the life, and the contributions of John Wesley. No other Christian denomination honours the name of its founder more than the Methodist Church...

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Memoirs and Meaning

Jill Ker Conway.

in Believing Scholars

October 2005; p ublished online March 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Christian Theology. 4028 words.

This chapter reflects on Jill Ker Conway's spiritual journey and the way her Catholic faith had affected her scholarly life. Her Christian faith has led her interests in the moral and...

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“Shall the Hellish Doctrine Stand?”

Peter J. Thuesen.

in Predestination

August 2009; p ublished online September 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Christian Theology. 10826 words.

This chapter examines the emergence of Arminianism and other challenges to absolute predestination in 18th‐century America. Much of the early opposition to the old Puritan synthesis came...

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From Methodists to Mormons

Peter J. Thuesen.

in Predestination

August 2009; p ublished online September 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Christian Theology. 15500 words.

In replacing monarchy with republicanism, the American Revolution set the stage for the growth of a variety of upstart groups united by their back‐to‐the‐Bible mentality and their...

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Introduction

Jeffrey A. Trumbower.

in Rescue for the Dead

October 2001; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: Christian Theology. 3440 words.

The introduction looks at the posthumous salvation of non‐Christians in the nineteenth‐century American context as practiced by Shakers and Latter‐day Saints (a.k.a. Mormons), in order to...

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Anthropology and Original Sin

Constance Clark.

in Science Without God?

January 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Christian Theology. 8756 words.

The legacies of rejected nineteenth-century models of evolutionary anthropology remain influential. Nineteenth-century founders of the discipline such as E. B. Tylor and Lewis Henry Morgan...

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Buddha, Aristotle, and Science

Colette Sciberras.

in That All May Flourish

August 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Christian Theology. 11966 words.

This chapter compares Western philosophical and scientific foundations with Buddhist philosophies on the topic of flourishing in nature. It argues that flourishing is good by querying the...

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The Southeast White House

Jennifer M. McBride.

in The Church for the World

December 2011; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Christian Theology. 14530 words.

Chapter seven examines a Washington D.C. inner city hospitality house that has intentionally made itself present in “the forgotten quadrant” of the nation's capital. As a local presence it...

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Perfectae Caritatis

Sara Butler.

in The Reception of Vatican II

April 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Christian Theology. 13171 words.

Vatican II’s decree Perfectae Caritatis called for Catholic Religious to renew their vocations in accord with the Gospel, the spirit of their founders, and to adapt them to better meet...

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Atonement and Justification

Alan C. Clifford.

April 1990; p ublished online October 2011 .

Book. Subjects: Christian Theology. 284 pages.

This book examines and compares the theological views of Dr John Owen (1616–83), the Puritan pastor and theologian, and John Wesley (1703–91), the evangelist and founder of Methodism....

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Introduction: The End of the Old Order

Jeremy Morris.

in F D Maurice and the Crisis of Christian Authority

May 2008; p ublished online October 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Christian Theology. 8339 words.

Frederick Denison Maurice (1805–1872) was one of the foremost theologians of the modern Church of England. Through a series of bruising encounters with contemporary theologians, he...

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The Teaching of Jesus

Peter C. Hodgson.

in Lectures on New Testament Theology

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Christian Theology; Biblical Studies. 30196 words.

The teaching of Jesus is the foundation and presupposition for all that belongs to the history of the development of Christian consciousness. His teaching is religion, not theology, and he...

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The Theological Frameworks of the Apostle Paul and the Book of Revelation

Peter C. Hodgson.

in Lectures on New Testament Theology

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Christian Theology; Biblical Studies. 47012 words.

The transition from the teaching of Jesus to the theological frameworks of the Apostles is momentous. Because of Jesus’ death and resurrection, Christianity assumes an essentially different...

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Baptists in North America

Bill J. Leonard.

in The Oxford History of Protestant Dissenting Traditions, Volume III

May 2017; p ublished online May 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Religious Studies; Christian Theology. 10676 words.

Baptists in nineteenth-century North America were known as eager proselytizers. They were evangelistic, committed to the idea of a believers’ church in which believers’ baptism was the norm...

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