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law of effect

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology — Sports and Exercise Medicine.

A proposition formulated by the US psychologist Edward Lee Thorndike (1874–1949) in his book Animal Intelligence: Experimental Studies (1911) as follows: ‘Of several responses made to the...

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The Duality of Direct Effect of International Law

André Nollkaemper.

in European Journal of International Law

February 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Public International Law. 11838 words.

This article assesses how, 50 years after the ECJ delivered its judgment in Van Gend en Loos (VGL), the doctrine of direct effect of international law has fared outside the European Union....

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The Transplant Effect of the Chinese Patent Law

Deming Liu.

in Chinese Journal of International Law

November 2006; p ublished online September 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: International Law. 9962 words.

Abstract

Ever since the debut of its open door policy, China has been importing laws from the West either due to external political pressure or due to...

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law of effect

Richard L. Gregory.

in The Oxford Companion to the Mind

January 2004; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Psychology. 144 words.

The law of effect is a kind of hedonism of the past: actions that lead immediately to pleasure are learned,

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law of effect

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 80 words.

A law that states that rewarding a behaviour increases the probability that the behaviour will be repeated, while punishing a behaviour decreases the probability that the behaviour will be...

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Dissecting Discrimination in Refugee Law: an Analysis of its Meaning and its Cumulative Effect

Rebecca Dowd.

in International Journal of Refugee Law

March 2011; p ublished online December 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Human Rights and Immigration; Refugee Studies. 10465 words.

The concept of ‘discrimination’ has several meanings and usages in refugee law. It goes to the very core of the refugee law regime, yet it does not have a clear definition. This article...

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Giving Legal Effect to the Results of WTO Trade Negotiations: An Analysis of the Methods of Changing WTO Law

Hunter Nottage and Thomas Sebastian.

in Journal of International Economic Law

December 2006; p ublished online October 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 13859 words.

Trade negotiations conducted in the World Trade Organization (WTO) offer the significant benefit that their results can be made legally binding and enforceable through an effective dispute...

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Sources of Law III: Effect of EU and International Law

Mark Thomas and Claire McGourlay.

in English Legal System Concentrate

August 2017; p ublished online October 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Legal System and Practice. 8608 words.

Each Concentrate revision guide is packed with essential information, key cases, revision tips, exam Q&As, and more. This chapter discusses the effect of EU and international law. The UK is...

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The Nature and Effect of EU Law:

Paul Craig and Gráinne de Búrca.

in EU Law

July 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: EU Law. 24671 words.

All books in this flagship series contain carefully selected substantial extracts from key cases, legislation, and academic debate, providing able students with a stand-alone resource. This...

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Double Effect and the Laws of War

Kai Draper.

in The Ethics of War

March 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Moral Philosophy; Philosophy. 10495 words.

In the Law of Armed Conflict (LOAC), a distinction is drawn between harming noncombatants directly (that is, as a foreseen consequence of attacking them), and harming them indirectly (that...

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The Effect on National Law of the Customary International Humanitarian Law Study

Peter Rowe.

in Journal of Conflict and Security Law

January 2006; p ublished online July 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Public International Law. 7073 words.

This article discusses whether the Rules formulated in the Customary International Humanitarian Law Study are automatically a part of national law, particularly in common law States. It...

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The Effect of Investment Treaties and of International Investment Law

Chittharanjan F. Amerasinghe.

in Diplomatic Protection

February 2008; p ublished online January 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public International Law. 4321 words.

This chapter explores the effect of investment treaties and international investment law on the law of diplomatic protection. Specifically, it discusses the articles of International Centre...

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THE EFFECT OF COMPETITION LAW ENFORCEMENT ON ECONOMIC GROWTH

Tay-Cheng Ma.

in Journal of Competition Law & Economics

June 2011; p ublished online January 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Antitrust Issues and Policies. 12965 words.

To identify the effect of competition law on productivity growth, this article conducts a cross-country study using a sample of 101 countries that enforce competition law. The evidence...

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United Kingdom From The Effect of Treaties in Domestic Law

Rosalyn Higgins Dbe Qc.

in Themes and Theories

August 2009; p ublished online March 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Public International Law. 8494 words.

In the United Kingdom, the capacity to conclude treaties is a matter of prerogative. Prerogative rights are those that are attributable alone to the Crown. The prerogative power of the...

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The Effect of Hering's Law on Different Ptosis Repair Methods

Arie Y. Nemet.

in Aesthetic Surgery Journal

September 2015; p ublished online April 2015 .

Journal Article. 4074 words.

Background

The Hering's law effect has significant importance in surgical planning and outcomes of eyelid surgery.

Objectives

null...

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EU Sports Law: The Effect of the Lisbon Treaty

Stephen Weatherill.

in EU Law after Lisbon

January 2012; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: EU Law. 9125 words.

The influence of the Treaty of Lisbon on sport in Europe is both profound and trivial. It is profound in that for the first time sport is subject to explicit reference within the Treaties...

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The Latest on Indirect Effect of WTO Law in the EC Legal Order

Geert A. Zonnekeyn.

in Journal of International Economic Law

September 2001; p ublished online September 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 0 words.

CASE NOTE ON THREE JUDGMENTS OF THE COURT OF FIRST INSTANCE IN THE INTERNAL EC BANANA BATTLE

The judgments of the Court of First Instance (‘CFI’) in the banana cases of 20 March 2001...

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The Effect of Any Willing Provider and Freedom of Choice Laws on Prescription Drug Expenditures

Jonathan Klick and Joshua D. Wright.

in American Law and Economics Review

March 2015; p ublished online September 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Antitrust Issues and Policies; Economics of Health. 6533 words.

Pharmacy benefit managers (PBMs) potentially lower costs associated with prescription drugs through increased bargaining power with manufacturers. PBMs engage in selective contracting with...

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Doctrines of European Union law: direct effect, supremacy, state liability for breach of Union law and other remedies

Margot Horspool, Matthew Humphreys and Michael Wells-Greco.

in European Union Law

July 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: EU Law. 32416 words.

This chapter reviews the main doctrines or principles of EU law. It is divided into three sections: direct effect and indirect effect; supremacy or primacy; state liability for breach of...

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Doctrines of European Union law: direct effect, supremacy, state liability for breach of Union law and other remedies

Margot Horspool, Matthew Humphreys, Michael Wells-Greco, Siri Harris and Noreen O’Meara.

in European Union Law

July 2016; p ublished online September 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: EU Law. 32019 words.

Titles in the Core Text series take the reader straight to the heart of the subject, providing focused, concise, and reliable guides for students at all levels. This chapter reviews the...

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law of effect

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology — Sports and Exercise Medicine.

A proposition formulated by the US psychologist Edward Lee Thorndike (1874–1949) in his book Animal Intelligence: Experimental Studies (1911) as follows: ‘Of several responses made to the...

See overview in Oxford Index