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myogenic contraction

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.

A contraction initiated in the muscle itself and not dependent on neural stimulation. The contractions of cardiac muscle cells in the heart are myogenic, although the rhythm of the...

See overview in Oxford Index

myogenic contraction

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.

A contraction initiated in the muscle itself and not dependent on neural stimulation. The contractions of cardiac muscle cells in the heart are myogenic, although the rhythm of the...

See overview in Oxford Index

myogenic contraction

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 40 words.

A contraction initiated in the muscle itself and not dependent on neural stimulation. The contractions of cardiac muscle cells in the heart are myogenic, although the rhythm of the...

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Effects of endothelin receptor antagonists and nitric oxide on myogenic tone and α-adrenergic-dependent contractions of rabbit resistance arteries

Thanh-Dung Nguyen, Philippe Véquaud and Eric Thorin.

in Cardiovascular Research

August 1999; p ublished online August 1999 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine. 3788 words.

Abstract

Regulation of vascular contractions by endothelium-derived endothelin-1 (ET-1) and nitric oxide (NO) may vary depending on the stimulus. Objectives:null...

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myogenic

Edited by Robert Hine.

in A Dictionary of Biology

April 2019; p ublished online April 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Biological Sciences. 40 words.

Originating in or produced by muscle cells. The contractions of *cardiac muscle fibres and single-unit *smooth muscle cells are described as myogenic, since they are produced spontaneously,...

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Role of protein kinase C- or RhoA-induced Ca2+ sensitization in stretch-induced myogenic tone

Dong-Soo Yeon, Jung-Sup Kim, Duck-Sun Ahn, Seong-Chun Kwon, Bok-Soon Kang, Kathleen G. Morgan and Young-Ho Lee.

in Cardiovascular Research

February 2002; p ublished online February 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine. 5010 words.

Abstract

Objective: It has been suggested that Ca2+ sensitization mechanisms might contribute to myogenic tone. However, specific mechanisms...

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DNA methylation analysis of human myoblasts during in vitro myogenic differentiation: de novo methylation of promoters of muscle-related genes and its involvement in transcriptional down-regulation

Kohei Miyata, Tomoko Miyata, Kazuhiko Nakabayashi, Kohji Okamura, Masashi Naito, Tomoko Kawai, Shuji Takada, Kiyoko Kato, Shingo Miyamoto, Kenichiro Hata and Hiroshi Asahara.

in Human Molecular Genetics

January 2015; p ublished online September 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics. 6342 words.

Although DNA methylation is considered to play an important role during myogenic differentiation, chronological alterations in DNA methylation and gene expression patterns in this process...

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Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy family studies of DUX4 expression: evidence for disease modifiers and a quantitative model of pathogenesis

Takako Iida Jones, Jennifer C. J. Chen, Fedik Rahimov, Sachiko Homma, Patricia Arashiro, Mary Lou Beermann, Oliver D. King, Jeffrey B. Miller, Louis M. Kunkel, Charles P. Emerson, Kathryn R. Wagner and Peter L. Jones.

in Human Molecular Genetics

October 2012; p ublished online July 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics. 8129 words.

Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD), the most prevalent myopathy afflicting both children and adults, is predominantly associated with contractions in the 4q35-localized...

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Theories behind overactive bladder syndrome and stress urinary incontinence

Alexander Gomelsky and Roger R. Dmochowski.

in Overactive Bladder Syndrome and Urinary Incontinence

P ublished online January 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Genito-urinary Medicine. 2688 words.

• Efficient urinary storage requires co-operation between the bladder, urethra, pelvic musculature, and peripheral and central nerve centres. • Three sets of efferent nerves (sympathetic,...

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Role of Ca2+- and swelling-activated Cl channels in α1-adrenoceptor-mediated tone in pressurized rabbit mesenteric arterioles

Carmelle V. Remillard, Marie-Andrée Lupien, Valérie Crépeau and Normand Leblanc.

in Cardiovascular Research

June 2000; p ublished online June 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine. 6789 words.

Abstract

Background: Ca2+-activated (I Cl(Ca)) and swelling-induced (I Cl(swell)) Cl channels have, respectively, been...

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Theodor Wilhelm Engelmann

Overview page. Subjects: Science and Mathematics.

(1843–1909) German physiologist

Engelmann, the son of a publisher, was educated at Jena, Heidelberg, and Göttingen, before obtaining his PhD from the university in his native city...

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Chronic AMPK activation evokes the slow, oxidative myogenic program and triggers beneficial adaptations in mdx mouse skeletal muscle

Vladimir Ljubicic, Pedro Miura, Matthew Burt, Louise Boudreault, Shiemaa Khogali, John A. Lunde, Jean-Marc Renaud and Bernard J. Jasmin.

in Human Molecular Genetics

September 2011; p ublished online June 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics. 8882 words.

A therapeutic approach for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is to up-regulate utrophin in skeletal muscle in an effort to compensate for the lack of dystrophin. We previously hypothesized...

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Estrogen replacement therapy reverses changes in intramural coronary resistance arteries caused by female sex hormone depletion

Metin Mericli, György L. Nádasy, Maria Szekeres, Szabolcs Várbíró, Zoltan Vajo, Máté Mátrai, Nándor Ács, Emil Monos and Béla Székács.

in Cardiovascular Research

February 2004; p ublished online February 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine. 4456 words.

Abstract

Objective: We tested the hypothesis that female sex hormone depletion and estradiol replacement therapy significantly influences the...

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Cell line-dependent differentiation of induced pluripotent stem cells into cardiomyocytes in mice

Shinji Kaichi, Koji Hasegawa, Tomohide Takaya, Noritaka Yokoo, Takahiro Mima, Teruhisa Kawamura, Tatsuya Morimoto, Koh Ono, Shiro Baba, Hiraku Doi, Shinya Yamanaka, Tatsutoshi Nakahata and Toshio Heike.

in Cardiovascular Research

November 2010; p ublished online June 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine. 5153 words.

Aims

Mouse and human fibroblasts can be directly reprogrammed to pluripotency by the ectopic expression of four transcription factors (Oct3/4, Sox2, Klf4,...

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PI3Kγ inhibition reduces blood pressure by a vasorelaxant Akt/L-type calcium channel mechanism

Daniela Carnevale, Carmine Vecchione, Giada Mascio, Giovanni Esposito, Giuseppe Cifelli, Katiuscia Martinello, Alessandro Landolfi, Giulio Selvetella, Paolo Grieco, Antonio Damato, Elio Franco, Hannelore Haase, Angelo Maffei, Elisa Ciraolo, Sergio Fucile, Giacomo Frati, Orazio Mazzoni, Emilio Hirsch and Giuseppe Lembo.

in Cardiovascular Research

January 2012; p ublished online October 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine. 5405 words.

Aims

The lipid and protein kinase phosphoinositide 3-kinase γ (PI3Kγ) is abundantly expressed in inflammatory cells and in the cardiovascular tissue. In...

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Small noncoding RNAs in FSHD2 muscle cells reveal both DUX4- and SMCHD1-specific signatures

Jong-Won Lim, Chao-Jen Wong, Zizhen Yao, Rabi Tawil, Silvère M van der Maarel, Daniel G Miller, Stephen J Tapscott and Galina N Filippova.

in Human Molecular Genetics

August 2018; p ublished online May 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics. 9313 words.

Abstract

Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is caused by insufficient epigenetic repression of D4Z4 macrosatellite repeat where DUX4, an FSHD...

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