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Pacifism

Charles Chatfield and Daniel A. Métraux.

in Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945). 3904 words.

[This entry includes two subentries, an overview and a discussion of pacifism in Japan.]

Pacifism.

E. Charles Chatfield.

in The Oxford Companion to United States History

January 2001; p ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: United States History. 572 words.

Pacifism is the principled rejection of war. European peace advocates coined the word in 1901 to describe the goal of

Pacifism

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Cultural and Intellectual History

January 2013; p ublished online January 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History. 640 words.

Pacifism is the principled rejection of war. European peace advocates coined the word in 1901 to describe the goal of

Pacifism

Ben Lowe.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Pre-20th Century Warfare. 646 words.

While pacifism in its modern form did not exist as a concept in the Middle Ages, peace ideas flourished and

Pacifism

Andrew Fiala.

in Philosophy

P ublished online October 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 8277 words.

Pacifism is a contested term. It is often defined narrowly as opposition to war; or more broadly understood as opposition to all violence. Pacifists are also sometimes committed to...

Pacifism

Andrew Fiala.

in Philosophy

P ublished online October 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 8277 words.

Pacifism is a contested term. It is often defined narrowly as opposition to war; or more broadly understood as opposition to all violence. Pacifists are also sometimes committed to...

Pacifism

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Military and Diplomatic History

January 2013; p ublished online January 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History. 2372 words.

Pacifism, defined as opposition to war and violence of any kind, has had a strong presence in U.S. history both

Pacifism

Cheyney Ryan.

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethics of War

March 2018; p ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy; Moral Philosophy. 8257 words.

Pacifism is the alternative to just war theory. In its strongest form, it is fundamentally opposed to war, unconditionally and absolutely. Because the pacifist position is undertheorised, a...

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pacifism

Edited by Anne Kerr and Edmund Wright.

in A Dictionary of World History

January 2015; p ublished online July 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History. 96 words.

The belief that war is never justifiable, no matter how good the cause or how great the threat to one’s country. Pacifism springs either from religious faith, as in the case of ...

Pacifism

Richard Crockatt.

in Einstein and Twentieth-Century Politics

October 2016; p ublished online October 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Intellectual History; Political History. 10996 words.

This chapter discusses the relationship between the various strands of Einstein’s political beliefs and the question of whether there was one underlying value or principle. Einstein’s...

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Pacifism

Anke Biehler.

Reference Entry. Subjects: Theory of International Law; Public International Law; International Law; Law. 3016 words.

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Pacifism

Sandi Cooper.

in Military History

P ublished online February 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Military History; Pre-20th Century Warfare; First World War; Second World War; Post-WW2 Military History. 8446 words.

Along with other “isms” such as feminism, pacifism was coined in the late 19th to early 20th centuries to describe a set of beliefs and movements that had existed long before they were...

Performing Pacifism

Patricia Appelbaum.

in Kingdom to Commune

March 2009; p ublished online September 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Religious Studies. 6266 words.

The range of pacifist performance is wide. Individuals and groups enacted their pacifism for intimate gatherings and for the larger public. Speeches, discussion, marches, picket lines,...

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Pacifism and Peace Meanings

Duane L. Cady.

in The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution. 2033 words.

Pacifism, taken literally, is peacemaking. As the concept is used to describe an ethical position, pacifism is moral opposition to

Feminist Eco-Pacifism

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

Eco-pacifism as understood within a feminist framework refers to a synthesis of ecological, feminist, and pacifist ideas and beliefs and to the activism inspired by them. Feminist...

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Pacifism before 1901

Clive Barrett.

in The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution. 3104 words.

Though the terms “pacifism” and its linguistic relative “pacificism” may have first appeared in the first decade of the twentieth

Feminist Eco-Pacifism

Anne Marie Pois.

in The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution. 2229 words.

Eco-pacifism as understood within a feminist framework refers to a synthesis of ecological, feminist, and pacifist ideas and beliefs and

War and Pacifism

in Anarchist Seeds Beneath the Snow

October 2006; p ublished online June 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Literary Theory and Cultural Studies. 5100 words.

This chapter discusses the pacifist sentiment that manifested in Britain during the interwar years. Socio-political pacifism is considered as a major recruiting ground for anarchism, a pure...

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Against Christian pacifism

Nigel Biggar.

in In Defence of War

September 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Religious Studies; Christian Theology. 20245 words.

In Defence of War intends to argue in favour of Christian just war reasoning. It is often supposed, however, that Christianity's original position was pacifist, and that Augustine's...

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pacifism

Overview page. Subjects: History — Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

N.the belief that war and violence are unjustifiable and that all disputes should be settled by peaceful means.

pacifist n. & adj.

n.the belief that war and violence are...

See overview in Oxford Index