Oxford Index Search Results

You are looking at 1-20 of 145 items for:

plasticity in the nervous system x clear all

Refine by type

Refine by product

 

plasticity in the nervous system

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

We now describe three situations in which parts of the nervous system show forms of plastic alteration: changes in eye–brain connections (i) induced experimentally in adult fish and (ii) du...

See overview in Oxford Index

Chasing central nervous system plasticity: the brainstem’s contribution to locomotor recovery in rats with spinal cord injury

Björn Zörner, Lukas C. Bachmann, Linard Filli, Sandra Kapitza, Miriam Gullo, Marc Bolliger, Michelle L. Starkey, Martina Röthlisberger, Roman R. Gonzenbach and Martin E. Schwab.

in Brain

June 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 11108 words.

Anatomical plasticity such as fibre growth and the formation of new connections in the cortex and spinal cord is one known mechanism mediating functional recovery after damage to the...

Go to Oxford Journals »  home page

plasticity in the nervous system

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

We now describe three situations in which parts of the nervous system show forms of plastic alteration: changes in eye–brain connections (i) induced experimentally in adult fish and (ii) du...

See overview in Oxford Index

plasticity in the nervous system

R. M. Gaze and Jeremy S. H. Taylor.

in The Oxford Companion to the Mind

January 2004; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Psychology. 2654 words.

We now describe three situations in which parts of the nervous system show forms of plastic alteration: changes in eye–brain

Go to Oxford Reference »  home page

Plasticity in the human central nervous system

S. F. Cooke and T. V. P. Bliss.

in Brain

P ublished online May 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 9613 words.

Long-term potentiation (LTP) is a well-characterized form of synaptic plasticity that fulfils many of the criteria for a neural correlate of memory. LTP has been studied in a variety of...

Go to Oxford Journals »  home page

PLASTICITY IN THE HUMAN NERVOUS SYSTEM. INVESTIGATIONS WITH TRANSCRANIAL MAGNETIC STIMULATION

K. R. Mills.

in Brain

May 2004; p ublished online May 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 940 words.

Go to Oxford Journals »  home page

Plasticity in the Regenerating Nervous System of the Lamprey, a “Simple” Vertebrate

William Rodemer, Jianli Hu and Michael E. Selzer.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Neuroscience

P ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Disorders of the Nervous System; Molecular and Cellular Systems. 12830 words.

Human spinal cord injury (SCI) results in long-lasting disabilities due to the failure of damaged neurons to regenerate. The barriers to axon regeneration in mammalian central nervous...

Go to Oxford Research Encyclopedias »  abstract

Plasticity: Cells, Circuits, Brains, and Behavior

Patricia S. Churchland and Terrence J. Sejnowski.

in The Computational Brain

November 2016; p ublished online January 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuropsychology. 33946 words.

This chapter examines the physical mechanisms in nervous systems in order to elucidate the structural bases and functional principles of synaptic plasticity. Neuroscientific research on...

Go to The MIT Press »  abstract

brain-derived neurotropic factor

John Lackie.

in A Dictionary of Biomedicine

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Clinical Medicine. 94 words.

One of the *neurotrophin family, a small basic protein (247 aa) that promotes the survival of neurons in or connected to the central nervous system. BDNF is a regulator of synaptic...

Go to Oxford Reference »  home page

New Perspectives in the Treatment of Amblyopia

Levi Dennis M..

in Cerebral Plasticity

May 2011; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 5078 words.

This chapter presents new perspectives in amblyopia treatment. It provides evidence for plasticity in the adult nervous system. It illustrates that substantial neural plasticity exists in...

Go to The MIT Press »  abstract

Plasticity

John H. Byrne, Chris I. De Zeeuw, John T. Bruer and Edvard I. Moser.

in Science of Memory: Concepts

May 2007; p ublished online May 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 7983 words.

This part presents four chapters on the concept of plasticity. The first chapter reviews some relatively new concepts related to plasticity as well as the relationship between plasticity...

Go to Oxford Scholarship Online »  abstract

Molecular cascades in learning

Motoy Kuno.

in The Synapse

December 1994; p ublished online March 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 8916 words.

Learning is behavioural modification resulting from experience. Since all behaviour reflects actions of the nervous system, behavioural modification must result from changes in the...

Go to Oxford Scholarship Online »  abstract

NMDA receptors and long-term potentiation in the hippocampus

ZAFAR I. BASHIR, NICOLA BERRETTA, ZUNER A. BORTOLOTTO, KATH CLARK, CERI H. DAVIES, BRUNO G. FRENGUELLI, JENNI HARVEY, BRIGITTE POTIER and GRAHAM L. COLLINGRIDGE.

in The NMDA Receptor

February 1995; p ublished online March 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 6182 words.

N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors have been shown to have two important physiological roles in the vertebrate central nervous system; they are mediators of synaptic...

Go to Oxford Scholarship Online »  abstract

Cellular Signaling

Nathan P. Staff.

in Mayo Clinic Neurology Board Review

July 2015; p ublished online July 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology. 2431 words.

Cell communication in the nervous system is finely tuned to respond rapidly to external stimuli, learn from those stimuli, and produce more effective responses in the future. The physical...

Go to Oxford Medicine Online »  abstract

The Biological Basis of Pain

Mark P. Jensen.

in Hypnosis for Chronic Pain Management

April 2011; p ublished online April 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychosocial Interventions and Psychotherapy. 4884 words.

Chapter 1 provides the pain clinician with a brief overview of the basic information about pain neurophysiology (including the nervous system areas involved in the experience of pain,...

Go to Oxford Clinical Psychology »  abstract

Overview of Brain Development

John L. R. Rubenstein.

in Neurobiology of Mental Illness

July 2013; p ublished online November 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 6861 words.

This chapter highlights many of the major processes involved in brain development, including: induction of the central nervous system (CNS), patterning of the primordia of major brain...

Go to Oxford Medicine Online »  abstract

RIM

John Lackie.

in A Dictionary of Biomedicine

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Clinical Medicine. 60 words.

1. Regulating synaptic membrane exocytosis 1 (Rim, Rim1, Rims1) a *CAZ protein (1053 aa) that interacts with others to regulate release of synaptic vesicles at synapses in the...

Go to Oxford Reference »  home page

Theories, history, and current taxonomy

Michael I. Bennett.

in Neuropathic Pain

December 2010; p ublished online May 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Pain Medicine. 1958 words.

Pain is a complex experience of somatic mechanisms and psychological influences (affective and cognitive) and, as such, is always subjective in nature

Th...

Go to Oxford Medicine Online »  abstract

Modification of Practice-dependent Plasticity in Human Motor Cortex by Neuromodulators

Frank Meintzschel and Ulf Ziemann.

in Cerebral Cortex

August 2006; p ublished online October 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuroscience. 7363 words.

Practice-dependent plasticity underlies motor learning in everyday life and motor relearning after lesions of the nervous system. Previous studies showed that practice-dependent plasticity...

Go to Oxford Journals »  abstract

Animals lacking link protein have attenuated perineuronal nets and persistent plasticity

Daniela Carulli, Tommaso Pizzorusso, Jessica C. F. Kwok, Elena Putignano, Andrea Poli, Serhiy Forostyak, Melissa R. Andrews, Sathyaseelan S. Deepa, Tibor T. Glant and James W. Fawcett.

in Brain

August 2010; p ublished online June 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Neuroscience. 9038 words.

Chondroitin sulphate proteoglycans in the extracellular matrix restrict plasticity in the adult central nervous system and their digestion with chondroitinase reactivates plasticity....

Go to Oxford Journals »  home page

Neurobiology

Anne C. von Philipsborn.

in Insect Behavior

July 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences; Evolutionary Biology. 9933 words.

Behavioral neurobiology aims at explaining behavior at the level of neurons and neuronal circuits, based on linking comparative anatomy, and the observation and manipulation of nervous...

Go to Oxford Scholarship Online »  abstract