in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics
January 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: Pure Mathematics. 194 words.
Suppose that a row of a matrix is called zero if all its entries are zero. Then a matrix is in reduced echelon form if...
in A Dictionary of Economics
January 2009; p ublished online January 2009 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: Economics. 39 words.
A formulation of the simultaneous equations model in which all current endogenous variables are expressed in terms of exogenous and
in American Journal of Agricultural Economics
May 1997; p ublished online May 1997 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Econometric Modelling; Agricultural Economics. 0 words.
In this paper I examine several statistical, interpretive, and policy implications of reduced-form (probit or logit) estimation of optimal stopping problems. The discussion proceeds in the...
in The Review of Asset Pricing Studies
June 2015; p ublished online March 2015 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Asset Pricing. 16994 words.
Reduced-form models of default calibrated to expected default losses and comovements between default losses and an equity-based pricing kernel generate CDS spreads that tend to fall below...
Explicit formulas for pricing credit-linked notes with counterparty risk under reduced-form framework
in IMA Journal of Management Mathematics
July 2015; p ublished online January 2014 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Mathematics. 0 words.
A credit-linked note (CLN) is a type of credit derivative, constructed with a bond and an embedded credit default swap, which allows the issuer to transfer a specific credit risk to credit...
in Human Reproduction
October 2009; p ublished online July 2009 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Reproductive Medicine. 7599 words.
In mammals, oocyte activation at fertilization is thought to be induced by the sperm-specific phospholipase C zeta (PLCζ). However, it still...
Intra-Household Allocation of Nutrients and Gender Effects: A Survey of Structural and Reduced-Form Estimates
in Nutrition and Poverty
March 1993; p ublished online October 2011 .
Chapter. Subjects: Economic Development and Growth. 15415 words.
This chapter examines intra-household allocation of nutrients and gender effects within the framework of household models of intra-household allocation. It considers a number of studies of...
Evidence for an initiation site for hen lysozyme folding from the reduced form using its dissected peptide fragments
in Protein Engineering, Design and Selection
November 2001; p ublished online November 2001 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Proteins. 3756 words.
We prepared two dissected fragments of hen lysozyme and examined whether or not these two fragments associated to form a native-like structure. One (Fragment I) is the peptide fragment...
The Polysialylated Form of the Neural Cell Adhesion Molecule (PSA-NCAM) Is Expressed in a Subpopulation of Mature Cortical Interneurons Characterized by Reduced Structural Features and Connectivity
in Cerebral Cortex
May 2011; p ublished online September 2010 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Neuroscience. 8420 words.
Principal neurons in the adult cerebral cortex undergo synaptic, dendritic, and spine remodeling in response to different stimuli, and several reports have demonstrated that the...
A Reduced-Form Model for Dynamic Efficiency Measurement: Application to Dairy Farms in Germany and The Netherlands
in American Journal of Agricultural Economics
January 2011; p ublished online January 2011 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Production and Organizations; Single Equation Models; Single Variables; Agricultural Economics. 7065 words.
The stochastic distance function model is extended to allow for the inefficiency component of the error term to be autocorrelated, as implied by a dynamic model of firm behavior. The...
Isolation and characterization of aggregate-forming sulfate-reducing and purple sulfur bacteria from the chemocline of meromictic Lake Cadagno, Switzerland
in FEMS Microbiology Ecology
July 2003; p ublished online January 2006 .
Journal Article. 5363 words.
In situ hybridization with specific oligonucleotide probes was used to monitor enrichment cultures of yet uncultured populations of sulfate-reducing...
Reducing Errors from the Electronic Transcription of Data Collected on Paper Forms: A Research Data Case Study
in Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association
May 2008; p ublished online May 2008 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Statistics and Methodology; Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Biomathematics and Statistics. 2557 words.
We conducted a reliability study comparing single data entry (SE) into a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet to entry using the existing forms (EF) feature...
Psoralen-modified clamp-forming antisense oligonucleotides reduce cellular c-Myc protein expression and B16-F0 proliferation
in Nucleic Acids Research
October 2001; p ublished online October 2001 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Chemistry; Biochemistry; Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Genetics and Genomics; Molecular and Cell Biology. 7861 words.
The c-myc protooncogene plays an important role in the abnormal growth pattern of melanoma cells. In an attempt to inhibit c-Myc expression and the growth of an established murine melanoma...
in International Journal of Refugee Law
January 2002; p ublished online January 2002 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Human Rights and Immigration; Refugee Studies. 0 words.
In contrast to many Western countries, German asylum law has not yet been revised in order to recognize gender specific persecution. Although the issue of gender related persecution has been...