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sensitive period

Overview page. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences.

A period of time during which a young animal is most impressionable and therefore most likely to acquire learned behaviour. This is the period during which imprinting occurs.

See overview in Oxford Index

Diagnosis of Venous Access Port—Related Infections

Marie Cécile Douard, Guillaume Arlet, Pascale Longuet, Christian Troje, Martine Rouveau, Diane Ponscarme and Benoit Eurin.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

November 1999; p ublished online November 1999 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 4339 words.

The accumulation of infected clots under the silicone septum of the reservoir of venous access ports (VAPs) has been reported. We analyzed the relationship between these deposits and the...

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Monitoring the Virus Load Can Predict the Emergence of Drug-Resistant Hepatitis B Virus Strains in Renal Transplantation Patients during Lamivudine Therapy

Elisabeth Puchhammer-Stöckl, Christian W. Mandl, Josef Kletzmayr, Heidemarie Holzmann, Andrea Hofmann, Stefan W. Aberle, F. X. Heinz, Bruno Watschinger and Hanns Hofmann.

in The Journal of Infectious Diseases

June 2000; p ublished online June 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 2324 words.

The development of resistant hepatitis B virus (HBV) strains during lamivudine treatment has been described repeatedly. To investigate whether the development of such resistant HBV strains...

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Improved Diagnosis of the Etiology of Community-Acquired Pneumonia with Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction

Kate E. Templeton, Sitha A. Scheltinga, Willian C. J. F. M. van den Eeden, Willy A. Graffelman, Peterhans J. van den Broek and Eric C. J. Claas.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

August 2005; p ublished online August 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 4631 words.

Background . Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has been...

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Use of the Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Antigenemia Assay for the Rapid Diagnosis of Primary CMV Infection in Hospitalized Adults

Philippe Lesprit, Catherine Scieux, Marc Lemann, Etienne Carbonelle, Jacques Modaï and Jean-Michel Molina.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

March 1998; p ublished online March 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 0 words.

We assessed the value of the cytomegalovirus (CMV) antigenemia assay for diagnosing primary CMV infection in adults. The CMV antigenemia assay was performed for 40 patients admitted to our...

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Impact of Routine Systematic Polymerase Chain Reaction Testing on Case Finding for Legionnaires’ Disease: A Pre–Post Comparison Study

David R. Murdoch, Roslyn G. Podmore, Trevor P. Anderson, Kevin Barratt, Michael J. Maze, Kathryn E. French, Sheryl A. Young, Stephen T. Chambers and Anja M. Werno.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

November 2013; p ublished online July 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 3802 words.

Background.  Legionnaires' disease cannot be clinically or radiographically distinguished from other causes of pneumonia, and specific tests are...

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HIV Incidence Determination in the United States: A Multiassay Approach

Oliver Laeyendecker, Ron Brookmeyer, Matthew M. Cousins, Caroline E. Mullis, Jacob Konikoff, Deborah Donnell, Connie Celum, Susan P. Buchbinder, George R. Seage, Gregory D. Kirk, Shruti H. Mehta, Jacquie Astemborski, Lisa P. Jacobson, Joseph B. Margolick, Joelle Brown, Thomas C. Quinn and Susan H. Eshleman.

in The Journal of Infectious Diseases

January 2013; p ublished online November 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 5262 words.

Background.  Accurate testing algorithms are needed for estimating human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) incidence from cross-sectional surveys.

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Evolution of Drug-Resistance Genes in Plasmodium falciparum in an Area of Seasonal Malaria Transmission in Eastern Sudan

Abdel-Muhsin A. Abdel Muhsin, Margaret J. Mackinnon, Eltayeb Ali, El-Khansaa A. Nassir, Suad Suleiman, Salah Ahmed, David Walliker and Hamza A. Babiker.

in The Journal of Infectious Diseases

April 2004; p ublished online April 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 4049 words.

We investigated the evolution of drug-resistant Plasmodium falciparum in a village in eastern Sudan. The frequencies of alleles of 4 genes thought to be determinants of drug resistance were...

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Tuberculosis Transmission to Young Children in a South African Community: Modeling Household and Community Infection Risks

Robin Wood, Simon Johnstone-Robertson, Pieter Uys, John Hargrove, Keren Middelkoop, Stephen D. Lawn and Linda-Gail Bekker.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

August 2010; p ublished online August 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 4338 words.

Background. Tuberculosis transmission is determined by contact between infectious and susceptible individuals. A recent study reported a 4% annual...

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Frequent Detection of Respiratory Viruses in Adult Recipients of Stem Cell Transplants with the Use of Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction, Compared with Viral Culture

Marian G. J. van Kraaij, Leontine J. R. van Elden, Anton M. van Loon, Karin A. W. Hendriksen, Laurens Laterveer, Adriaan W. Dekker and Monique Nijhuis.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

March 2005; p ublished online March 2005 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 4390 words.

Background . Respiratory virus infections have been recognized as important causes of severe pneumonia in patients who have undergone stem cell...

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Reevaluation of Epidemiological Criteria for Identifying Outbreaks of Acute Gastroenteritis Due to Norovirus: United States, 1998–2000

Reina M. Turcios, Marc-Alain Widdowson, Alana C. Sulka, Paul S. Mead and Roger I. Glass.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

April 2006; p ublished online April 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 3079 words.

Background . Noroviruses are believed to be the most common etiologic agent of foodborne outbreaks of gastroenteritis, yet diagnostic tests for...

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Clinical and Epidemiologic Profiles for Identifying Norovirus in Acute Gastroenteritis Outbreak Investigations

Joana Y Lively, Shacara D Johnson, Mary Wikswo, Weidong Gu, Juan Leon and Aron J Hall.

in Open Forum Infectious Diseases

P ublished online April 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 4987 words.

Abstract

Background

Noroviruses are the leading cause of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) outbreaks in the United...

Short-Course Raltegravir Intensification Does Not Reduce Persistent Low-Level Viremia in Patients with HIV-1 Suppression during Receipt of Combination Antiretroviral Therapy

D. McMahon, J. Jones, A. Wiegand, S. J. Gange, M. Kearney, S. Palmer, S. McNulty, J. A. Metcalf, E. Acosta, C. Rehm, J. M. Coffin, J. W. Mellors and F. Maldarelli.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

March 2010; p ublished online March 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 4594 words.

Background. Combination antiretroviral therapy suppresses but does not eradicate human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in infected persons, and low-level viremia can be detected...

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Histoplasmosis After Solid Organ Transplant

Maha Assi, Stanley Martin, L. Joseph Wheat, Chadi Hage, Alison Freifeld, Robin Avery, John W. Baddley, Paschalis Vergidis, Rachel Miller, David Andes, Jo-Anne H. Young, Kassem Hammoud, Shirish Huprikar, David McKinsey, Thein Myint, Julia Garcia-Diaz, Eden Esguerra, E. J. Kwak, Michele Morris, Kathleen M. Mullane, Vidhya Prakash, Steven D. Burdette, Mohammad Sandid, Jana Dickter, Darin Ostrander, Smyrna Abou Antoun and Daniel R. Kaul.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

December 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 4275 words.

Background.  To improve our understanding of risk factors, management, diagnosis, and outcomes associated with histoplasmosis after solid organ...

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Predictive Value of Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) Lactate Level Versus CSF/Blood Glucose Ratio for the Diagnosis of Bacterial Meningitis Following Neurosurgery

Stephen L. Leib, Remy Boscacci, Othmar Gratzl and Werner Zimmerli.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

July 1999; p ublished online July 1999 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 0 words.

The value of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) lactate level and CSF/blood glucose ratio for the identification of bacterial meningitis following neurosurgery was assessed in a retrospective study....

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Comparison of Serum Galactomannan Antigen Detection and Competitive Polymerase Chain Reaction for Diagnosing Invasive Aspergillosis

Stéphane Bretagne, Jean-Marc Costa, Emmanuelle Bart Delabesse, Nathalie Dhédin, Claire Rieux and Catherine Cordonnier.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

June 1998; p ublished online June 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 0 words.

To improve the diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis (IA), we retrospectively compared competitive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sandwich ELISA for detection of serum galactomannan (GM)...

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Lab Protocol Paper: Use of a High-throughput, Multiplex Reverse-transcription Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction Assay for Detection of Sabin Oral Polio Vaccine in Fecal Samples

Christopher van Hoorebeke, ChunHong Huang, Sean Leary, Marisa Holubar, Jonathan Altamirano, Meira S Halpern, Marvin Sommer and Yvonne Maldonado.

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

October 2018; p ublished online October 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 4289 words.

Abstract

Background

Global polio eradication efforts rely in part on molecular methods of detecting polioviruses,...

Occupational Exposure to Hepatitis C Virus: Early T-Cell Responses in the Absence of Seroconversion in a Longitudinal Cohort Study

Theo Heller, Jens Martin Werner, Fareed Rahman, Eishiro Mizukoshi, Yuji Sobao, Ann Marie Gordon, Arlene Sheets, Averell H. Sherker, Ellen Kessler, Kathleen S. Bean, Steven K. Herrine, M'Lou Stevens, James Schmitt and Barbara Rehermann.

in The Journal of Infectious Diseases

September 2013; p ublished online June 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 3696 words.

Background.  T-cell responses have been described in seronegative patients who test negative for hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA despite frequent HCV...

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Hospitalizations and Deaths from Diarrhea and Rotavirus among Children <5 Years of Age in the United States, 1993–2003

Thea Kolsen Fischer, Cécile Viboud, Umesh Parashar, Mark Malek, Claudia Steiner, Roger Glass and Lone Simonsen.

in The Journal of Infectious Diseases

April 2007; p ublished online April 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 4598 words.

Recently a new rotavirus vaccine was licensed in the United States and recommended for universal immunization of American children. The impact of the vaccine on a decrease in...

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Progress Toward Measles Elimination in the Eastern Mediterranean Region

Boubker Naouri, Hinda Ahmed, Raef Bekhit, Nadia Teleb, Ezzeddine Mohsni and James P. Alexander.

in The Journal of Infectious Diseases

July 2011; p ublished online July 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 4903 words.

Since 1997, when the goal of interrupting measles transmission by 2010 was adopted, substantial progress has been made toward the elimination of measles in the Eastern Mediterranean Region...

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An Outbreak of Hepatitis A Associated with Green Onions

Catherine M. Dentinger, William A. Bower, Omana V. Nainan, Suzanne M. Cotter, Gert Myers, Letitia M. Dubusky, Suzanne Fowler, Ellen D. P. Salehi and Beth P. Bell.

in The Journal of Infectious Diseases

April 2001; p ublished online April 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 2663 words.

Forty-three cases of serologically confirmed hepatitis A occurred among individuals who ate at restaurant A in Ohio in 1998. Serum samples from all restaurant A employees who worked during...

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